Archive for January, 2021

Semnele H de la Gobekli Tepe

January 31, 2021

Din New deciphering of Gobekli Tepe http://a9414495.eu5.org/origin/gobekli.html

New decoding of Gobekli Tepe temple

Aceste semne sunt prezente in numar relativ mare.Problema semnificatiei lor a mai fost dezbatuta si este in continuare.Eu am avut o sugestie de apropiere cu semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform PA. https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian Language Pagewww.sumerian.org › sumerian << Lexicul sumerian a beneficiat de mai multe … (ńiš) pa: frunze, muguri, germeni; ramură; aripă; pană >> semnul Pa este compus din 2 semne PAP

Sumerian Lexicon – IS MUNIis.muni.cz › jaro2013 › PAPVB_13 › Halloran_version_3 The Sumerian lexicon has benefitted from several classes … pab, pap, pa4: father; brother; man; leader [PAP]

M-am bazat pe faptul ca o serie de semne au fost folosite in Orientul Apropiat cu mult inainte de aparitia proto-scrierii.Altfel semnele au o istorie care nu are capat inapoi in timp.Nu am fost pe deplin multumit si acum reiau problema.Foarte interesant este faptul ca eu am facut apropierea acestui semn cu constelatia Orion si cu faptul ca ar putea fi o ligatura a doua semne Tau, dar cu surprindere am constatat ca si altii au facut-o.

Image result for gobekli tepe "orion"
Andrew Collins Gobekli Tepe’s Cosmic Blueprint Revealed Creator: Andrew Collins 

Am avut ideea sugubeata de a vedea daca sumerienii au folosit undeva doua semne Tau.Semnul T avand semnificatia “ME” .Am cautat sa vad daca au folosit doua semne ME.In monumente nu le-am gasit inca ligaturate sau nu, de fapt nici nu le-am prea cautat inca. In schimb le-am gasit in scris.Consider toate ipotezele ca fiind virtual valabile.Insa in prima parte o sa explicitez ipoteza mea “me-me” iar in a doua parte voi prezenta opiniile altora.

IPOTEZA MEA, 2T=H=”ME-ME

Din http://www.saradistribution.com/oldesttempleofworld.htm

The Oldest Temple in the World - Xirabresk, girê navokê, göbeklitepe

Vedeți mai bine Tau-ul ligaturat în semnele „I” ale GT, din următoarea imagine: http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull sau de pe https://i.pinimg.com/564x/5c /d1/94/5cd194173a978386122812f338d685e8.jpg

Wayne Herschel - Author - The Hidden Records - discovered 35 ancient star  map cases around the world showing human origins from o… | The pleiades,  Star map, Ancient

Dublarea icoanelor este evidentă în existența stâlpilor principali dublati, altfel cei mai vechi ai G.T., stratul A. Dacă forma Tau ar putea fi relația cu viața și divinitatea, două Tau sunt un simbol nou; ce ar putea însemna? Să presupunem dublul aspect divin: relația cu viața de pământ și cu cerul. Atât a fost posibil sa fie cunoscut de ei si reprezentat întreg universul. Doar de câteva sute de ani umanii au aflat că cerul are de fapt o adâncime. Până atunci era imaginat ca un capac, acoperis al Pământului, care este figurat in portiunea liniei orizontale superioare a lui T. Deci T ar fi legatura vieții cu cerul și divinitatea și T-ul rasturnat legatura vieții cu Pământul. Rezulta ca prin pictograma H se realizeaza legatura vietii de pe Pamant cu Cerul, o poarta intre Cer si Pamant.

Din List of Mesopotamian deities – Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_Mesopotamian… << Deities in ancient Mesopotamia were almost exclusively anthropomorphic. They were thought … Both the Sumerian and Akkadian languages contain many words to express the … Ninkarrak, Meme, Bau, and Ninisina, is the Mesopotamian goddess of healing and the divine patroness of doctors and medicine-workers.>>

Din World’s First Known Written Word at Göbekli Tepe on T-Shaped Pillar 18 Means God Manu Seyfzadeh, Robert Schoch Institute for the Study of the Origins of Civilization, College of General Studies, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA https://www.scirp.org/html/1-1140123_90367.htm?fbclid=IwAR1kPHutMJikYFQzqFqkiI5-QIx_aKfA5-oB2_LoBOVksqVAPe5C64HjyFs <<Susținerea în continuare a unei conexiuni lingvistice între hieroglifele luwiene și imaginile de la Göbekli Tepe sunt până în prezent simboluri luwiene netraduse asemănătoare cu iconografia în formă de T a lui Göbekli Tepe și un simbol asemănător cu H, care a fost cuvântul luwian pentru „poartă” >> Inca si mai mult, in lucrarea de mai sus se afirma ca simbolul H cu 2 semilune de pe pilonul G.T. seamana cu logograma luwiana 360 pentru zeu si ca atare semnifica cuvantul “ZEU”

Laroche #360 Luwian hieroglyph denoting "god". From Laroche (1960: p. 187).

Pictograma reprezentand poarta catre Univers / intreg Universul, acea pictogramă a fost folosită pentru a împodobi diferite elemente de piatră, astfel fiind utilizate cu diferite orientări. În niciun caz nu ne așteptăm ca sumerienii să copieze cu exactitate icoanele celor de la G.T., așa că nu este de mirare să nu găsim acest semn în forma identica la sumerieni.

Din www.researchgate.net › publication Rezultate de pe web (PDF) Ancient Near Eastern Gods Enki and Ea: Diachronical … Enki-Ninki Deities and the God Enki in Old- Sumerian Sources 46. 3.5. Enki in Old- Sumerian … ME.ME the me-s. dEN.KI (of? / to?) Ea. AL6.

www.jstor.org › stable The Accounts of the Origin of Writing from Sumer, Egypt and China – JStor me me available, first to gods, and then through them to the human world. So, if me are of divine origin, we have to admit that “the scribal art

babylonian-collection.yale.edu › …PDF The Exaltation of Inanna, by William W. Hallo and J. J. A. van Dijk. Yale … true that the colophons of Sumerian and Akkadian literary series-which correspond to the … R-imin-bi, 5: “totality of me‘s”; me-zi, 60. me-zu

ore.ac.uk › download › pdfPDF Nippur Bibliography – CORE 1 ian. 1992 — Barton, G. A. Sumerian Business and Administrative … Zettler, R. L. ” The Genealogy of the House of Ur-me-me: A Second …

krieger2.jhu.edu › pdf › jcooper “Enlil and Namzitara” Reconsidered [“Enlil and Namzitara”] is a Sumerian variation of a well-known theme, … The Genealogy of the House of UrMe-me: a Second Look. AfO 31:.

hal.archives-ouvertes.fr › doc…PDF Masters’ Writings and Students’ Writings: School Material in … – HAL 7 apr. 2015 — learning cuneiform writing, Sumerian vocabulary and grammar, … The [ texts] in Sumerian and Akkadian, from A-A ME- ME.

etheses.bham.ac.uk › eprintPDF Stealing the Enemy’s Gods: An Exploration of the Phenomenon of … accompanied by recitations of incantations in Sumerian and Akkadian; the incantations and the ritual … 23. me-me-ni ina IGI LUGAL

etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk › cgi-bin › etcsl The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature … udun-mah-e du8-a-zu. 20. zar gu2-nida-am3 si sa2-sa2-am3. 21. munu4 sahar jar-ra a sig9- ga-zu. 22. ur me-me nam gam-gam-ma-am3

escholarship.org › content Rezultate de pe web UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Death… eScholarship.org The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature, Black … me-me) noble guard (gam-gam- ma-am3) it even from the potentates (?)” ( ETCSL …

www.researchgate.net › publication (PDF) Ancient Near Eastern Gods Enki and Ea: Diachronical … Enki-Ninki Deities and the God Enki in Old- Sumerian Sources 46. 3.5. Enki in Old- Sumerian … ME.ME the me-s.

Daca la sumerieni exista semnul si notiunea ME, ei fac referire la faptul ca existau si foloseau mai multe, o multime de ME. Multimea cunostintelor, totalitatea lor reprezenta cunostintele lor despre intregul Univers, cel terestru, si cel ceresc, cu totul fiind demn de o adanca admiratie si respect, astfel de factura divina.

Din HAMLЕT  MARTIROSYAN. THЕ LION CHARACTЕR THЕ PETROGLYPHS OF SYUNIK AND THЕ ANCIENT WORLD https://www.academia.edu/12277907/Lion_Character_in_the_Petrogliphs_of_Syuniq_and_the_Ancient_World << Tot ce s-a spus mai sus cu privire la uși arată că, în percepțiile mitologice ale viziunii lumii antice, ușile care leagă diferite lumi erau printre cele mai importante elemente ale ordinii mondiale. Pe scurt, dacă nu există ușă, nu există nici o modalitate de a comunica cu Divinitatea. Acest simbol al viziunii mitologice a lumii a ușilor sau coloanelor care formează ușile a fost dezvoltat devreme și vedem cele mai vechi surse ale sale în complexul templelor de la Portasar (Göbekli Tepe) (X mileniu î.Hr.) și petroglifele Syunik (înainte de mileniul XIII î.Hr.) Anumite fapte indică faptul că diferiți zei aveau numere și forme diferite de porți. Am văzut mai sus că putem interpreta stelele  în formă de T de la Portasar (G.Tepe) [imaginea 61, prima imagine] ca ideograme obiective cu semnificația „deschidere, ușă, poartă. De asemenea, am văzut că mult mai târziu, ideograma a fost utilizată cu același sens atât în ​​Sumer, cât și în Egipt 82 ( Sumer., caracterul T = ME și Egipt. T = rw = „ușă hieroglifică). Aceste și alte fapte referitoare la Portasar/G.Tepe prezentate mai sus (cavitatea ușii sculptate din piatră monolită cu sculpturi de leu pe coloane, coloanele gemene ale templului subteran cu imagini de leu) atestă faptul că la Portasar/G.Tepe ușile aveau o semnificație ritual-religioasă importantă și erau legate la închinarea la niste zeitati specifice. >>

H’s signs on Göbekli Tepe

January 31, 2021

These signs are present in relatively large numbers. The problem of their meaning has been debated before and is still. I had a suggestion of approaching especially the sign H on pillar 18 (see picture below) with the Sumerian proto-cuneiform sign PA. The sumerian meaning of sign is related to life:

Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian Language Pagewww.sumerian.org › sumerian << Sumerian lexicon has benefitted from several c … (ńiš)pa: leaf, bud, sprout; branch; wing; feather >>

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is PA~a.jpg
https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

This “leaf, sprout, branch” are good bedfellows. with basic sign T:”will to live”. Sign Pa is composed of elementary signs PAP

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is PAP~a@t.jpg
Sumerian Lexicon – IS MUNIis.muni.cz › jaro2013 › PAPVB_13 › Halloran_version_3 The Sumerian lexicon has benefitted from several classes … pab, pap, pa4: father; brother; man; leader [PAP]

From https://www.ancient-origins.net/opinion/secret-gobekli-tepe-cosmic-equinox-and-sacred-marriage-part-1-002861 << We see also ambiguous symbols on some pillars. In addition to “”H” and “I” symbols, several sun and moon symbols were found engraved on some pillars, revealed Schmidt. The sun and moon signs which were engraved on the Temple D center pillars are quite remarkable. The moon is depicted as crescent, and the sun is portrayed with a cavity in its center. Some of these symbols will undoubtedly be vital to solving the secrets of Göbeklitepe. …..Sidharth also thinks the “H” sign on one of the center pillars symbolizes the Orion constellation. …. According to Schmidt, however, the H-like sign characterizes the male and female relationship [8]. When examined closely, it does seem a kind of relationship between two individuals: both thrusting out their hands to one another >> I relied on the fact that a number of G.T.’s signs were probably used later in the Middle East as pictograms, long before the advent of proto-writing. Otherwise the signs have a history that has no end back in time. I was not fully satisfied and now I resume the problem. Very interesting is the fact that I made the approach of this sign with the constellation Orion and with the fact that it could be a ligature of two Tau signs, but to my surprise I found that others did it as well.

Image result for gobekli tepe "orion"

Andrew Collins
Gobekli Tepe’s Cosmic Blueprint Revealed Creator: Andrew Collins 

I had the stubborn idea to see if the Sumerians used two Tau signs somewhere. The T sign meaning “ME” .I searched to see if sumerians used two ME signs. I found only in their writing, one sign folowing another.In monuments I haven’t found them ligated yet.

From New deciphering of Gobekli Tepe http://a9414495.eu5.org/origin/gobekli.html

New decoding of Gobekli Tepe temple

I consider all the hypotheses to be virtually valid. But in the first part I will explain my “me-me” hypothesis and in the second part I will present the opinions of others. MY HYPOTHESIS: 2T=H= “ME-ME”

From http://www.saradistribution.com/oldesttempleofworld.htm

The Oldest Temple in the World - Xirabresk, girê navokê, göbeklitepe

From http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull

Wayne Herschel - Author - The Hidden Records - discovered 35 ancient star  map cases around the world showing human origins from one of three sun  stars near the Pleiades

Here the same opinion as mine, that H is formed by two connected Tau’s…. but not connect further with Me, as being MeMe. From same ancientorigins.net, Cosmic Power of the Shaman and Symbols at Göbekli Tepe – Part II https://www.ancient-origins.net/opinion-guest-authors/cosmic-power-shaman-and-symbols-g-bekli-tepe-part-ii-005194 << The H Symbol One of the highly disputed symbols is the H-like symbol (and also “( H )” symbol) which is seen carved on  Enclosure D pillars. Some say this symbol emblematizes the Orion constellation. I think this is not true. Because, besides the “H “symbol, there is an “I-like” symbol, which can define as slanted “H”. Both of them are not related to Orion. To provide some intriguing and factual meanings based on cultural and archaeological datas: “H” symbol is not only a monolith symbol itself. It consists of two parts, which we can define as Tau. We encounter the same “H” symbol in Utah petroglyphs which are made by Anasazis. Indeed, we see the complete “( H )” symbol. Here the “H” symbol is not alone. On both sides there are other symbols. https://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/Utah-petroglyphs.jpg Ray Urbaniak interprets the “H” symbol to mean double T shapes. Two T shapes butted together form a double T. He also says that Tau represents half of which is in the spiritual world. So, we can imagine that the “H” symbol consists of two Tau symbols. In my opinion, both of the side symbols next to “H” symbol represent the rising and setting sun. This tripartite character matches a verbal expression of mythological ideas about the three states of sun throughout the day (or moon throughout the night). The Ancient Egyptian god says: I am Khepra in the morning, I am Ra at noon, I am Atum in the evening—the names of deities that represent the sun in its various states. The I Symbol The “I” symbol of ancient Mexican mythology not only exhibits a single Tau of two forms, but in different positions, as well as two double-headed figures joined in one, which illustrates the duality, above and below, or heaven and earth. >> ….”above and below”, the same opinion as mine, eugenrau

You see better the ligated Tau’s better in G.T.’s “I” signs, from folowing picture: http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull or from https://i.pinimg.com/564x/5c/d1/94/5cd194173a978386122812f338d685e8.jpg

Wayne Herschel - Author - The Hidden Records - discovered 35 ancient star  map cases around the world showing human origins from o… | The pleiades,  Star map, Ancient

eugenrau: The doubling of icons is evident in the existence of twoo, pair double main pillars of G.T.’s oldest ones, layer A. If Tau shape could be the relation to life and divine, two Tau’s is making a new symbol; what could it mean? Suppose the double divine aspect: relation with earthen life and with the sky. So possible entire univers known by them. Only some hundred years human realised that the sky has a depth. Until then was imagined as a cover of Earth, where above T’s horizontal upper line. So T is relation of life with the sky and divine and upside down T the relation of life with the Earth.

But there is a Goddess Meme: List of Mesopotamian deities – Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_Mesopotamian… <<Deities in ancient Mesopotamia were almost exclusively anthropomorphic. They were thought … Both the Sumerian and Akkadian languages contain many words to express the … Ninkarrak, Meme, Bau, and Ninisina, is the Mesopotamian goddess of healing and the divine patroness of doctors and medicine-workers.>>

==== EARLY DIVINITY SIGN > later> GOD SIGN ? ========

Image result for gobekli tepe pillar 18
https://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/gobekli-tepe-pillar-18.jpg

From World’s First Known Written Word at Göbekli Tepe on T-Shaped Pillar 18 Means God Manu Seyfzadeh, Robert Schoch Institute for the Study of the Origins of Civilization, College of General Studies, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA https://www.scirp.org/html/1-1140123_90367.htm?fbclid=IwAR1kPHutMJikYFQzqFqkiI5-QIx_aKfA5-oB2_LoBOVksqVAPe5C64HjyFs << We examined if H-shaped carvings in relief on some of these pillars might have a symbolic meaning rather than merely depicting an object of practical use. On Pillar 18 in Enclosure D, for example, one such “H” is bracketed by two semi-circles. An almost identical symbol appears as a logogram in the now extinct hieroglyphic language of the Bronze Age Luwians of Anatolia and there it meant the word for god”. Further supporting a linguistic connection between Luwian hieroglyphs and images at Göbekli Tepe are to date untranslated Luwian symbols resembling the T-shape iconography of Göbekli Tepe and an H-like symbol which was the Luwian word for “gate.>>

Laroche #360 Luwian hieroglyph denoting "god". From Laroche (1960: p. 187).
https://static.cambridge.org/binary/version/id/urn:cambridge.org:id:binary:20171204121651806-0574:9781316534663:fig15_7.png?pub-status=live
https://i.pinimg.com/564x/1a/37/aa/1a37aae2de5ccf9dc32297484d065a00.jpg
https://d3i71xaburhd42.cloudfront.net/14a3e605813919cfe5e3eed80f03086c4a422446/4-Table3-1.png

eugenrau: Beeing Gate to the Universe, or Universe icon, that icon was used to adorn different stone elements, so used in different orientations. By no way we are expecting sumerians to accurately copy G.T.’s icons, so no wonder do not find this one in sumerian.

========================= From www.researchgate.net › publication Rezultate de pe web (PDF) Ancient Near Eastern Gods Enki and Ea: Diachronical … Enki-Ninki Deities and the God Enki in Old- Sumerian Sources 46. 3.5. Enki in Old- Sumerian … ME.ME the me-s. dEN.KI (of? / to?) Ea. AL6.

From www.jstor.org › stable The Accounts of the Origin of Writing from Sumer, Egypt and China – JStor me me available, first to gods, and then through them to the human world. So, if me are of divine origin, we have to admit that “the scribal art

From babylonian-collection.yale.edu › …PDF The Exaltation of Inanna, by William W. Hallo and J. J. A. van Dijk. Yale … true that the colophons of Sumerian and Akkadian literary series-which correspond to the … R-imin-bi, 5: “totality of me’s“; me-zi, 60. me-zu

From ore.ac.uk › download › pdfPDF Nippur Bibliography – CORE 1 ian. 1992 — Barton, G. A. Sumerian Business and Administrative … Zettler, R. L. ” The Genealogy of the House of Urme-me: A Second …

From krieger2.jhu.edu › pdf › jcooper “Enlil and Namzitara” Reconsidered [“Enlil and Namzitara”] is a Sumerian variation of a well-known theme, … The Genealogy of the House of Ur-Me-me: a Second Look. AfO 31:.

From hal.archives-ouvertes.fr › doc…PDF Masters’ Writings and Students’ Writings: School Material in … – HAL 7 apr. 2015 — learning cuneiform writing, Sumerian vocabulary and grammar, … The [ texts] in Sumerian and Akkadian, from A-A ME- ME.

From etheses.bham.ac.uk › eprintPDF Stealing the Enemy’s Gods: An Exploration of the Phenomenon of … accompanied by recitations of incantations in Sumerian and Akkadian; the incantations and the ritual … 23. me-me-ni ina IGI LUGAL

From etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk › cgi-bin › etcsl The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature … udun-mah-e du8-a-zu. 20. zar gu2-nida-am3 si sa2-sa2-am3. 21. munu4 sahar jar-ra a sig9- ga-zu. 22. ur me-me nam gam-gam-ma-am3Ai trimis Azi la 12:45escholarship.org › content Rezultate de pe web UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Death …

From eScholarship.org The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature, Black … me-me) noble guard (gam-gam- ma-am3) it even from the potentates (?)” ( ETCSL …

From www.researchgate.net › publication (PDF) Ancient Near Eastern Gods Enki and Ea: Diachronical … Enki-Ninki Deities and the God Enki in Old- Sumerian Sources 46. 3.5. Enki in Old- Sumerian … ME.ME the me-s.

If in the Sumerians there is the sign and the notion of ME, they refer to the fact that there were and used more, a lot of ME. The multitude of knowledge, their totality represents their knowledge about the whole Universe, the terrestrial one, and the celestial one, totally being worthy of a deep admiration and respect, such a divine invoice.

================================ OTHER OPINIONS REGARDING GOBEKLI TEPE H’s.

From https://ttlawson.com/in-plain-sight-the-identity-of-the-twin-pillars-of-gobekli-tepe/ << Figures such as the “O”,”C”, and “H” are pictograms or ideograms: pictorial signs for something of broader import; they might more recognizably be called, in the digital age, icons. There seem to have been but few pictograms deployed at Göbekli Tepe.  …… ….Dietrich treats the “H” and “C” pictograms as being of the same order as the bucranium, recognizing therefore that the bucranium is present on the pillar as a pictogram or icon.  … ….There is little doubt that the bucrania at Göbekli Tepe are symbols, if not of the bull, then nevertheless bull symbols in some sense. Let’s focus therefore on the “H,” the “O,” and the “C.” They appear as a set at the throat of the pillar paired with the bull pillar in enclosure D. On the belt of that pillar the “C” and “H” motif also appears. I have found both configurations to be drawn from the night sky and to represent the moon. By contrast to this pillar, the belt of the bucranium pillar is blank.

…. At the throat of that pillar, it takes the form of the full and crescent phases of the moon, in association with the “H” figure. And, on the belt of that pillar, what I see as the waxing and waning stages of the crescent moon are carved, embracing the “H.” As noted, there is no corresponding marking on the belt of the bucranium pillar. Finally, the crescent moon symbol appears in conjunction with the “H” on one of the smaller pillars of Enclosure C, and there the “H” also appears separately.One fact is particularly striking. These four figures, the circle “O” with the “C” and the “H”; the paired “C’s” with the “H”; the “H” alone, and the bucranium are quite possibly the only pictograms on the entire site. And they are replicated throughout the site, and in several configurations. Conclusion No one thought up the goddess or the bull, or thought to put them together in a singularly strange pairing; the two simply materialized in the evolutionary play of chance and circumstance that brought about the miracle of the human mind. One begins with the earliest evidenced milieu of thought — a magical realm of spirit, rooted in life’s implicit interplay between life and death. From that emerged the figure of a goddess, associated with both birth and death and balancing the two. An affront to her sanctity meant death to the living. The bull, her masculine counterpart, was also her sacrificial victim. The complementary emblems strategically placed at the necks of Göbekli Tepe’s paired central pillars all but of necessity specify the pillars’ respective identities. One pictogram, the bucranium, is unmistakably the symbol of a bull. The symbol at the neck of the other depicts the full and crescent stages of the moon. The moon, owing to the correspondence between the cycles of women and the moon, vouches a feminine aspect for this pillar. As if to underscore the point, the artisans added crescent moon symbols on the belt of the pillar and elsewhere. The evidence is perforce circumstantial — one cannot look into the Neolithic mind — but, taken all together, the circumstances fit into a coherent whole warranting the conclusion that behind the ritual activities of Göbekli Tepe lay the woman and the bull — the divine pair that carried forward into the Bronze Age religions of Mesopotamia. ================================= Anatolii I. Kharchenko New deciphering of Gobekli Tepe http://a9414495.eu5.org/origin/gobekli.html sais: <<On the belt, the alternating symbols C and H. C are the image of the new moon, H is the symbol of the sexual act (vertical sticks are man and woman, the horizontal stigma is the male’s organ, and H is the symbol of the man and woman associated in the sexual act).
The woman’s hands are pressed to the bottom of the belly and indicate the place of concentration of her attention. During pregnancy – it’s a child in the belly and caring for him, during intercourse – the center of sensuality and attention.
On the front of the belt there are 2 H symbols in the normal position and 3 H symbols in the rotated (lying) position. Ordinary H symbolizes the sexual act in standing pose, lying H – the sexual actin in lying pose. Image of a fox on a woman’s torso. This is the symbol of sexual intercourse on the body. It is a symbol of sex as the main action that is dominant for this woman and in this place. This is the power of the given goddess H and the strength of specific Neolithic women who being the most skilful in sex in their tribe, first served as the image for the goddess H and for the pillar 18, and later they were priestesses and servants of this goddess. Pillar 18 embodies female sex, childbirth and is its symbol in general.
The symbol H is like a pendant on a necklace on the neck of a woman. It is a symbol of sex as the meaning of this woman’s life. This H on the necklace differs from the other H in that it has two connecting sticks instead of one. The upper stick is a kiss, the lower one is the sexual intercourse or the connected hands. This is already a symbol of not only sex, but also love as a social and emotional phenomenon. Where did this knowledge and these skills come to the goddess H from? This is an even more complicated question, the answer to which is approximately the same as the question of how Newton discovered the law of gravitation. God the Creator gave it to her at the right time.
2. Pillar 31 of Eclosure D, which stands next to the goddess H. This is her husband or her man.>> From In Plain Sight: The identity of the Twin Pillars of Göbekli Tepe Thomas T. Lawson https://ttlawson.com/in-plain-sight-the-identity-of-the-twin-pillars-of-gobekli-tepe/

Göbekli Tepe

<< The figure there appears to combine basic forms that are mimicked in three letters as shown in Figure 1. The uppermost is the shape of an “H”. Directly below it is a circle “O” figure, and directly below that, a “C”, lying on its back. I suggest that the latter two images, the “O” and the recumbent “C” represent, respectively, the full and crescent phases of the moon. As they are carved, they fit this interpretation cleanly. The moon, by reason of the facts that the lunar cycle parallels the menstrual cycle and that lunar rhythms imply birth and renewal, and hence motherhood, is associated with the feminine at the deepest levels of the human imagination. I venture that, as with the “O” and the “C,” the “H” also represents a celestial figure, and furthermore that a likely candidate would be Orion — a highly visible and widely recognized constellation. Orion can be visualized as an “H.” A row of three bright stars, the readily identifiable “Orion’s belt,” would constitute the crosspiece, with the four most brilliant stars in the constellation serving in pairs as the uprights, forming, roughly in parallel, two imaginary straight lines.

There have been a number of technical interpretations of celestial configurations having to do with Göbekli Tepe, many with respect to the positioning of the structures themselves in relation to heavenly events. These have support in the orientation of Stonehenge and other Stone Age monuments in respect to the solstices. My finding the “H” of the moon emblem to stand for Orion is of a different sort, but it does present a perplexity having to do with the time and place of the observer. As it happens, owing to the precession of the equinoxes, in 9000 BC Orion would have been visible in the southern sky at Göbekli Tepe only from the belt up. This, need not necessarily, however, stand in the way of the interpretation. The constellation would have been visible in full in southern Mesopotamia. And there had come into play in the late Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic high levels of intergroup communication and interchange over the whole of the region: “This was a highly connected world. There were multiple channels of communication along which a symbolic repertoire could have spread and been renewed” (Hodder and Meskell, 2011, p. 259). It is therefore by no means implausible that the constellation in full might have become a fixture in the human imagination throughout the region, even though Orion was visible in full in only part of it. Moreover, such a bright and distinctive figure in the night sky as Orion would invite interpretation. Consider that someone today, looking up at Orion, would not, without its being in some way explained, readily conjure up the image of a mighty hunter. That the constellation is seen as such, however, supplies a further ground for the idea of Orion here: Orion is portrayed in myth as a hunting companion of the Great other goddess Artemis — whose emblem was the crescent moon — and who was also goddess of the hunt. Another notably bright star, Sirius, is directly associated with Orion, appearing in a straight line from Orion’s distinctive belt. Called the “Dog Star,” it is linked in legend with Orion as one of his hunting dogs. All taken, these connections should warrant a provisional treatment of the “H” as a symbol for Orion, at least until a surer explanation might present itself.

The moon symbol appears in two different forms on the mate to the bucranium pillar there. At the throat of that pillar, it takes the form of the full and crescent phases of the moon, in association with the “H” figure. And, on the belt of that pillar, what I see as the waxing and waning stages of the crescent moon are carved, embracing the “H.” As noted, there is no corresponding marking on the belt of the bucranium pillar. Finally, the crescent moon symbol appears in conjunction with the “H” on one of the smaller pillars of Enclosure C, and there the “H” also appears separately. One fact is particularly striking. These four figures, the circle “O” with the “C” and the “H”; the paired “C’s” with the “H”; the “H” alone, and the bucranium are quite possibly the only pictograms on the entire site. And they are replicated throughout the site, and in several configurations. This makes the pictogram a unique feature among the thousands of stone engravings, reliefs, statues, and monuments peopling the structures at Göbekli Tepe.

From http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull THE KANAGA SYMBOL IS THE “H” WHICH IS ORION << I am convinced that the Kanaga symbol -)-(- represents Orion. The two dots seem to be Orion’s belt. Some show it more like a lizard with a tail and others more like a man. The latter seems more fitting since myth has Orion as a hunter… either hunting a bull or more logically for me… showing the way with his arrow or three belt stars something sacred near the bull.>>

From HAMLЕT  MARTIROSYAN. THЕ LION CHARACTЕR THЕ PETROGLYPHS OF SYUNIK AND THЕ ANCIENT WORLD https://www.academia.edu/12277907/Lion_Character_in_the_Petrogliphs_of_Syuniq_and_the_Ancient_World << All that was said above concerning doors shows that in ancient mythological worldview perceptions, doors linking different worlds were amongst the most important elements of the world order. In short, if there is no door, there is no way to communicate with God. This mythological-worldview symbol of doors or columns forming doors had been developed early on and we see its oldest sources in the temple complex at Portasar (Göbekli Tepe) (X millennium BC) and the Syunik (Southern Armenia) petroglyphs (before XIII millennium BC). Certain facts indicate that different gods had different numbers and forms of gates. We saw above that we can read the T-shaped stones of Portasar (picture 61, first image) as objective ideograms with the meaning of “aperture, door, gateway. We also saw that much later, that ideogram was used with the same meaning in both Sumer and Egypt 82 (T =ME character and Egypt.T=rw= “door” hieroglyphic). These and other facts concerning Portasar presented above (the door cavity carved from monolith stone with lion carvings on the columns, the twin columns of the subterranean temple with lion-images) attest that at Portasar doors had an important ritual-religious significance and were linked to the worship of specific gods.>>

Cercul, ciclul se inchide: de la Göbekli Tepe la prezent.

January 29, 2021

Göbekli Tepe, atentie forma monumentului, stelei: Din https://anthropology.net/2010/02/22/gobekli-tepe-temple-in-turkey-predates-the-pyramids-of-giza/

Göbekli Tepe Temple in Turkey Predates the Pyramids of Giza –  Anthropology.net

Apoi, semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform “ME” Din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns/ME~a.jpg

===========================================

enki.jpg
http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~catshaman/history/0inanna/0law.htm
<< După ME a venit Legea sumeriană
Sumerienii au inventat jurisprudențe care acopereau problemele din societate. În acest eseu ne uităm la poziția femeii în societatea sumeriană și babiloniană conform legilor. Aceasta nu este întreaga poveste și ar trebui completată cu mituri și cântece de dragoste.
ME ca lege în vremurile arhaice
Unul dintre cititorii mei m-a întrebat despre drepturile și poziția femeilor în societatea sumeriană. Greu de dat un răspuns precis, deoarece au existat diferențe de cultură în orașele de state înainte de statele mai mari, cum ar fi Babilonul. Au găsit nouă mituri pe tablele cuneiforme și știm mai multe variante. Perioada de timp este de la mileniul al patrulea și poate mai devreme până la „mortul” oficial al Sumerului în jurul anului 1700 î.Hr. Trebuie să folosim Legea babiloniană a lui Hammurabi pentru a înțelege Legea sumeriană anterioară.
Pe site-ul meu am reconstruit mitul biologic manifestat în ritualul Inanna legat de anotimp. Sumerienii urbani târzii au scris miturile. Înainte de aceasta, preoția continuă a îndeplinit ritualurile și a legat-o de pământul și oamenii templului. Alte persoane au urmat conducerea. Sunt scrise ca melodii foarte sugestive. Cu siguranță, oamenii au fost ținuți în mister imediat ce au ascultat.
Chiar și uităm că Inanna este un idol animat de ploaie / apă care poartă fertilitatea. Ea a devenit model de agricultură și invenție. Este ca și cum ar fi ea într-o altă cameră făcând lucruri și făcând oamenii să lucreze. Ne imaginăm frumusețea ei și povestește despre rochia ei în același timp în care cântă „Vino bărbat, vino!” Mitul viu al lui Inanna a fost realizat la festivalul de primăvară, dar și la sărbătoarea lunară și poate unele între ele. Asta a ținut totul în utilizare și memorie.Un alt lucru este că nu putem folosi nomenclatura și cadrele timpului nostru și nici din epoca legală ulterioară pe care o cunoaștem.
Monumentele megalitice începând cu dolmeni și roți lunare deja în mileniul al V-lea și urmate de morminte de trecere din mileniul al IV-lea, ele manifestă cu siguranță „Zeița lunii goale mergând dedesubt”. Idolul simboliza fertilitatea ploii, iar miturile despre aceasta pur și simplu animează și analizează procesul din lumea subterana, care este învierea cerealelor/ plantelor.
Mai târziu, cu cultura orașului, sensul practic al mitului a dispărut în ritmul în care oamenii / templele au pierdut contactul cu agricultura. Mult timp a fost ca în epoca medievală, când majoritatea oamenilor își făceau agricultura în afară de profesie. Dar în oraș relația umană devine agenda … ceartă la spălătorie. Foști idoli specializați s-au căsătorit și s-au căsătorit cu arborele genealogic ca persoane reale și relațiile lor fac modele de care societatea are nevoie. Clasa superioară cunoaște miturile și se îmbracă și se comportă ca idolii, iar resetarea oamenilor ar trebui să urmeze … și ei urmează … Nu l-am urmat niciodată pe Elvis de când cânt prea tare.
O putem numi Epoca Arhaică atunci când literatura sumeriană vorbește despre Enki, „primul de pe Pământ” și Mames al Inventiei și mai ales Ninhursag „a dat lucrurilor nume” și Nimah „a încercat folosirea”. Enki este creatorul și există câteva poezii care descriu Ordinea Mondială și lucrurile practice de care are nevoie omenirea în societate. A fost un proces de natură aproape naturală și poeziile par a fi din a doua jumătate a mileniului 3. Există câteva metafore și logici care nu sunt atât de clare pentru noi. Așa cum, de obicei, actul sexual era metoda normală de inventare a lucrurilor și această metaforă este încă vie. Au existat mai multe „surori” și vedem că femeia a fost cealaltă parte a creației.Avem nevoie de poezie pentru a comprima ceea ce ei au văzut ca istorie timpurie a omenirii. Sumerienii erau specialiști în mituri scrise pe care chiar și copilul le putea înțelege. Eu sunt doar cuvinte, dar ritualurile și cântecele au dat explicații și model pentru viața din timpul epocilor rituale și ceva mai târziu.Cu siguranță statutul de femeie corespundea cu asta dacă putem crede în cuvinte scrise. Există semne că femeile din Elam / Persia erau proprietare ale caselor. În mileniul IV, Susa a fost poate partea dominantă a zonei din sudul Mesopotamiei, între Munții Zagros și deșertul din vest. Ei au facut comert cu Egiptul la acea vreme. Cel puțin avem cea mai bună arheologie din Susa, dar doar cu câteva sute de ani înainte de Eridu, Ur și Uruk. Așadar, simplific conectarea lui Elam la Sumer, dar au fost foarte asemănătoare din câte știm încă.
În funcție de activitatea de săpare, domină literatura orașelor-state Eridu și Uruk. Inanna din Uruk a devenit idolul feminin dominant, folosit și în nordul Mesopotamiei, dar observă că Ishtar nu este la fel în Babilon. Utilizarea a fost ușor divergentă în timp. În paralel și în timp, vedem idolul pe sculpturile în rocă scandinave. Inanna este adesea menționată împreună cu sora ei Ereshkigal, care are câteva mituri separate.Întrupările lor cerești erau Luna Nouă și Venus cu rozeta și o stea ca simboluri. Asta contează pentru vremurile sumeriene până la babilonieni în jurul anului 1700 î.Hr. Babilonianul Ishtar ar trebui comparat cu Ereshkigal / Venus și ea a fost Doamna Războiului. Variante ale acestora, cum ar fi Astarte, au fost, de asemenea, venerate în Levant, iar unele temple au fost fondate și în Egipt. Dominația masculină a crescut în timp și a atins apogeul în perioada asiriană la mijlocul mileniului trecut î.Hr.
Eu aparține mitului Inanna, deoarece le-a „furat” de la Enki în Eridu conform mitului. Nici zeii, nici oamenii nu au voie să fure (sau să violeze) și de aceea scriitorul mitului dramatizează povestea. Acum este mai bine să ne amintim că povestea este mit și ficțiune și că zeitățile nu fac lucruri.Într-un fel, Consiliul Bătrânilor din orașul Uruk a primit Ordinul Societății de la Eridu și a construit templul Inanei ca act simbol și monument ritual … A se vedea Inanna i-a ademenit pe băieți. Trebuie să ținem minte că ea a fost fertilitatea ploii și a apei, precum și a idolului / modelului pentru oraș. Este un mit foarte inteligent care combină toate motivele necesare pentru a face lucrurile. Întrucât orașul Uruk venera idolul feminin, statutul femeilor era ridicat. Din mituri aflăm că zeii / modelele au fost pedepsiți pentru viol. Pentru a obține ceva de la Underworld, era nevoie de un angajament, cum ar fi sora lui Inanna, Ereshkigal, în unele mituri și Dumuzi, în altele, pentru a menține echilibrul.Eu este doar o colecție de cuvinte care sunt ca o lege „pentru Cer și Pământ”. Raiul a fost ideile abstracte și modelele de urmat, iar pe Pământ omenirea a realizat faptele de rol ca picioare / instrumente ale idolilor. Trebuie să cunoaștem societatea sumeriană pentru a explica sensul și utilizarea “ME“. Sunt scrise în epoca ritualică pură, când regulile de viață erau atașate modelelor de idol / rol. Unele dintre idei le înțelegem și altele nu. În Mesopotamia au existat mai mulți zei lunari, după nume, dar funcțional, la fel. În general, ei sunt judecători între zei și asta rezultă cu siguranță de la prima dată când legea a fost condusă de lună în timpul sezonului. …………………
…………….. În majoritatea culturilor antice ritualul era condus pentru viața de zi cu zi. Preoția era mai importantă decât regatul = Lugal = Omul Mare și asta înseamnă liderul lumesc. Personalul pentru păstor, toiag și linie obișnuia să măsoare câmpurile … până în zilele noastre. Făcând părul când preoteasa se pregătește pentru băieții ispitiți la muncă. Erau deștepți acei bătrâni sumerieni!
Nu sunt atât de sigur că ar trebui să folosim cuvântul „prostituată” și să-l înlocuim cu „sora lui Dumnezeu” sau „înlocuiți” lumesc pentru Inanna în temple și ritualuri practice. Observați că violul și relațiile sexuale în afara căsătoriei nu erau permise. Relațiile rituale erau pentru preoție și poate pentru clasa superioară. Știința trebuie să o definească mai bine.În spatele tuturor acestor ME, existau reguli de practică nescrise. Evident, modul sumerian se bazează pe a face ceea ce este bine și bine – spre deosebire de ceea ce este permis de lege și / sau societate. Au trăit în numele zeiței și era firesc să se supună regulilor societății bune / zeului. Într-un fel ni se pare ochi albaștri, deoarece acest tip de lege are încredere în bunătatea omenirii. După cum vedem din lista mea, sumerienii erau conștienți de slăbiciunile omenirii și că există forțe distructive în viață. Le sugerez să creadă că atitudinea pozitivă ar trebui să se echilibreze și să prevină forțele distructive. Unele instrumente muzicale gusilim, lilis, ub, mesi și ala sunt nume sumeriene menționate ca ME. Simbolizau lucruri importante în ritualul care îi conducea pe oameni în pas cu luna și agricultura. Asta înseamnă sărbătoare de primăvară și sărbătoare a recoltei. Cel mai important a fost ritualul de primăvară și de însămânțare, dar se pare că au existat ritualuri lunare pentru a menține oamenii la linie, ca să spunem așa. Au fost hiper raționali și au folosit ritualul de însămânțare la început și la înmormântare, deoarece s-au gândit la înviere. Asta se afla în spatele ritualurilor grave din Egipt și din perioadele din alte culturi.
Mai jos privim locul femeii prin lege. Trebuie să citim miturile Inanei și toate cântecele de dragoste dacă vrem să înțelegem femeile sumeriene. În mod natural, aceste cântece din epoca sumeriană târzie sunt scrise de clasa superioară. Cu toate acestea, sumerienii erau oameni care gândeau și simțeau profund, astfel încât literatura reflectă mintea femeii sumeriene. În același timp, este legat de natură și fertilitatea de a intra sub și reînvie prin creștere. Asta înseamnă, de asemenea, că corpurile mor în Underworld și că aruncăm mult și păstrăm sămânța. Devine dureros odată ce animăm procesul cu idoli de tip uman.Sumerienii cunoșteau dublu aspect al vieții, atât cu forțele de construcție, cât și cu forțele distructive. Începe când mâncăm și transformăm alimentele ucise în energie. La fel vedem în simbolismul nordic din primul mileniu d.Hr. ca niște șerpi împletiți. Viața are zi și noapte, vară și iarnă și nu putem gândi nimic departe. Analiza ebraică-creștină are visul imposibil de a nega o jumătate din viață.
Legile sumeriene
Legea lunii sau a timpului era legea rituală și „crima” împotriva acestui lucru era un lucru pentru preoție. Pe pământ, regele deține responsabilitatea legii; el este judecătorul șef, ultima curte de apel și, dacă este necesar, legiuitorul. Regii se dezvoltă ulterior și, înainte de aceasta, poate Curtea vârstnicilor era judecător în lucrurile lumești. La fel ca în legile medievale timpurii, codurile erau „domas” / caz-judecată date atunci când problema se ridică și păstrate în memorie de către instanța locală sau de către cititorul legii.
Nu exista un termen universal pentru lege în Orientul Antic. „Di” sumeriană sau „Dinu” akkadiană desemnează cazul legal, decizia legală și procesul în sine. Nì-si-sá = misaru se referă la dreptate ca fiind cel mai înalt bun, care este completat de nì-gin-na = kittu „constanță”, „integritate”. Toți zeii erau responsabili pentru protecția legii și a justiției. Zeul soarelui Utu / Shamash a fost preeminent în această privință. În sens strict, nu există o lege doar laică, ci doar o lege religioasă, astfel încât deciziile referitoare la comerț ar fi putut avea o pondere mult mai mică decât principiile juridice centrale. Soarele, deoarece curtea era în ritmul orarului soarelui, adică în sferturile anului. În scandinavă avem și anul lunii trisectate care a dat trei termeni de curte cu caracter diferit. Curtea de toamnă a fost de multe mii de ani „instanța de judecată”Societatea este o chestiune de proces continuu până la dezvoltarea forței de muncă și a industriei și creșterea populației. Toate culturile din istorie urmează în mare parte același model de creștere și birocrație. Legile nu sunt inventate din cap, ci sunt întemeiate pe o practică obișnuită, cu scopul de a menține totul în pace în societate >>

Din Cum a fost problema acum 11.600 de ani De la Sumerianul Me, meme, neurolingvistică și războiul informațional 22 aprilie 2007 de assuefazione https://assuefazione.wordpress.com/2007/04/22/sumerian-me-memes-and-neurolinguistics/?fbclid=IwAR0XLJVQcQxthLkfSMkGvAbfcEY9B_vnMKxYBYhYWWdHEGJu-Mhm6FhfH4g << Bine, inspirația pentru acest post provine din clasicul cult Snow Crash (Stephenson, 1992), așa că este posibil ca majoritatea dintre voi să fi întâlnit deja aceste lucruri.Merge așa, mai mult sau mai puțin:
Sumerienii au dezvoltat un set de reguli și reglementări numite ME care cuprindeau fiecare aspect al vieții, credințe, tehnologie, comportament și condiții umane. Au fost coduri timpurii, meme codificate pentru examinarea umană și pentru a se transmite mai departe. A fost o încercare de a programa neurolingvistic o întreagă populație. Aveau o importanță socială extremă și fiecare aspect al vieții sociale sumeriene era reglementat de ele. De exemplu. brutarului i s-a cerut să meargă la templu (unde scenariile sau orice altceva erau acestea [Klein, 1997; Emelianov, 2003], au fost plasate în custodia zeului Enki, inventatorul civilizației) și să obțină un ME (un meme, sau mai corect un set de meme) pentru panificație. Acel ME special a inclus instrucțiuni despre cum, când, unde să-și desfășoare mestesugul.
Închinarea, starea, sexul, fiecare aspect al vieții sumeriene au fost tratate în mod similar.Zeii mitologiei lor au purtat războaie pentru a cuceri și a mă poseda cel mai mult, furându-i unul de celălalt. Zeul (regele?) Cu cele mai multe ME a putut apoi să adune (vorbim politic, dar tipii aceia nu erau pentru separarea bisericii de stat) un număr mai mare de sumeri sub egida sa. Inanna, care deține 50 ME, îi amintește lui Ningirsu de la Gudea Cylinders: este o zeitate de război căreia tatăl ei Enlil îi dă 50 ME. Este curios că textele lui Inanna din vechile sumeriene au un număr suficient de ME pentru a câștiga și uni țările vecine. O astfel de stare de fapt contrazice aspru datele imnurilor scrise ulterior în care Inanna se plânge de lipsa ME și chiar le ia de la tatăl ei («Enki și Ordinea Mondială», «Inanna și Enki»). De asemenea, nu găsim aici nicio mențiune despre călătoriile cu ME sau călătoriile pentru acestea. (Emelianov, 2003).S-ar putea deduce că ME eram armele distrugerilor în masă ale epocii lor, când comunicarea era practic inexistentă și regresia către o viață primitivă foarte ușoară, dacă balamalele vieții sociale se spargeau.Acum, putem spune că sumerienii au fost o cultură total diferită de cea de astăzi (vorbim despre 3/4000 de ani î.Hr.), că interacțiunile lor sociale au fost embrionare, deși rigid codificate, sau putem spune că nimic nu s-a schimbat cu adevărat la toate… Dar astăzi, după 6.000 de ani, situația este diferită, datorită cunoștințelor tehnologice, în special situația este dinamică, iar societățile și popoarele cresc sau scad mai mult sau mai puțin rapid. Și, desigur, se poate vedea cum astăzi au putere cei care dețin monopolul informației. Ca să nu mai vorbim de competiția acerbă, chiar și de războiul mai mult sau mai puțin invizibil dintre serviciile de informații din întreaga lume. În termeni sumerieni, ME sunt armele distrugerilor în masă din epoca noastră. >>

NOTA Extrem de interesant, titlul este Cum a fost problema acum 11.600 de ani De la Sumerianul Me,meme, neurolingvistică și războiul informațional. Pentru ca acest domn, cu porecla “assuefazione”, pe care l-am gasit: Rocco Poiago, vorbeste “de acum11.600 de ani“, dupa mine referirea fiind directa, explicita la Gobekli Tepe, dar nu spune ca : – acum 11.600 de ani, aceia de la Göbekli Tepe, nu erau nicidecum sumerieni, (aria Mesopotamiei nefiind inca populata) ci altceva nu stiu ce, savantii le zic “proto Eufratici” – eu doar banuiesc ca a realizat ca forma in Tau a stelelor este semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform “ME”, devreme ce asociaza 11.600=Göbekli Tepe cu notiunea ME (? si presupun eu si cu semnul ME /forma Tau !?) dar probabil nu are curajul sa afirme asta avand in vedere alineatul meu imediat mai sus, si posibil ca om de stiinta se expune unui risc major. Alt om de stiinta, V.V.Yemelyanov, avand cunostinte vaste de sumerologie, dar nefiind de meserie sumerolog, ci specializat in genetica, in schimb face legatura intre notiunea Me si forma sa grafica, scrisa, dar nu face legatura cu Gobekli Tepe:

Din ON ТНЕ ORIGINAL МEANING OF SUМERIAN МЕ
(lmages of Weltanschauung and the Methods of Тheir Study) V.V. Yemelyanov

<<The article discusses the problem of translating and interpreting Sumerian МЕ bу means of the Old
Babylonian cuneiform vocabularies and the Neo-Sumerian Gudea texts. The main supposition is that the
word was derived from the verb МЕ «to bе apparent, visible» and its original meaning was «will to live».
The author understands МЕ as the first stage of the life-process: transition of а subject from the inner
world to the outer space (as one can conclude from the cuneiform sign МE «tongue put out of mouth»).
This is why МЕ’s are so important in the New Year period of Sumero-Babylonian calender texts.>> In Lb.Romana:

<< Articolul discută despre problema traducerii și interpretării sumeriene a lui МЕ prin mijloacele vechilor Vocabulare cuneiforme babiloniene și textele neo-sumeriene Gudea. Principala presupunere este că cuvântul a fost derivat de la verbul МЕ «a fi aparent, vizibil», iar semnificația sa originală era «voința de a trăi». Autorul înțelege МЕ ca fiind prima etapă a procesului de viață: tranziția unui subiect de la lumea interioara către spațiul exterior (așa cum se poate concluziona din semnul cuneiform МE «limba scoasă din gură»). Acesta este motivul pentru care МЕ sunt atât de importante în perioada de Anul Nou a textelor calendarului sumero-babilonian. >> Vladislav Vladimirovitch Yemelyanov Saint Petersburg State University | SPBU · Department of Genetics and Biotechnology PhD

Vladislav YEMELYANOV | Professor (Associate) | PhD | Saint Petersburg State  University, Saint Petersburg | SPBU | Department of Genetics and  Biotechnology

Asa incat, dupa cate stiu eu, pana acum sunt singurul care am afirmat cu tarie ca forma stelelor de la Göbekli Tepe este chiar simbolul vietii “ME”

The circle, the cycle closes: from Göbekli Tepe to the present day

January 29, 2021

How was the problem 11,600 years ago From Sumerian Me, memes, neurolinguistics and information warfare April 22, 2007 by assuefazione https://assuefazione.wordpress.com/2007/04/22/sumerian-me-memes-and-neurolinguistics/?fbclid=IwAR0XLJVQcQxthLkfSMkGvAbfcEY9B_vnMKxYBYhYWWdHEGJu-Mhm6FhfH4g

enki.jpg

Another thing is that we can not use nomenclature and frames of our time and neither of the later lawful age we know.
The megalith monuments beginning with dolmens and moon wheels already in 5th millennium and followed by passage graves in 4th millennium they surely manifest “The Naked Moon Goddess going beneath“. The idol symbolised the fertility of rain and the myths about this is simply animating and analysing the process in Underworld that is resurrection of the corn/ plants.
Later with city culture the practical meaning of the myth faded away in pace with people/ temples loosing the contact with agriculture. For long it was like in medieval times when most people had their farming besides the profession. But in town the human relation become the agenda … quarrel at the washing place. Former specialised idols got married and got family tree as real persons and their relations make patterns the society needs. The upper class know the myths and they dress and behave like the idols and the reset of the people is supposed to follow …and they follow … I never followed Elvis since I sing too loudly.
We can call it Archaic Age when the Sumerian literature tells about Enki, “the first on Earth” and Mothers of Invention and especially Ninhursag “gave things name” and Nimah “tried out the use”. Enki is the creator and there are some poems telling the World Order and the practical thing humankind needed in society. It was a process of nearly natural kind and the poems seem to be from the second half of 3rd millennium. There is some metaphors and logic that is not so clear for us. As usually intercourse was the normal method of inventing things and that metaphor is still living. There were more “sisters” and we see that woman was the other part creation
We need the poetry to compress what they saw as early history of mankind. The Sumerians were specialists in written myths even the child could understand. The Me were only words but the rituals and songs gave the explanations and model for life during the Ritual Ages and a bit later.
Surely the woman status corresponded to that if we can believe in written words. There are signs that the women in Elam/ Persia were owners of the homes. In 4th millennium Susa was maybe the dominating part of the area in southern Mesopotamia between the Zagros Mountains and the desert in west. They 
traded with Egypt at that time. At least we have the best archaeology from Susa but only several hundred years before Eridu, Ur and Uruk. So I am simplifying in connecting Elam to Sumer but they were much alike as far as we know yet.
Depending on the digging activity the literature of the city-states Eridu and Uruk dominates. Inanna of Uruk became the dominating female idol used also in northern Mesopotamia, but observe that Ishtar is not quite the same in Babylon. The use was slightly diverging in time. In parallel and time we see the idol on Scandinavian rock-carvings. Inanna is often mentioned together with her sister Ereshkigal that has some separate myths.
Their heavenly incarnations were the New Moon and Venus with the rosette and a star as symbols. That counts for Sumerian times until Babylonians around 1700 BC. Babylonian Ishtar should be compared with Ereshkigal/ Venus and she was the Lady of War. Variants of these such as Astarte were also worshipped in the Levant and some temples were founded in Egypt too. The male dominance increased in time and reached its height in the Assyrian period in middle last millennium BC.
The Me belongs to the Inanna myth since she “stole” them from Enki in Eridu according to the myth. Neither gods nor human are allowed to steal (or rape) and that is why the writer of the myth dramatises the story. Now it is better to remember that the story is myth and fiction and that deities do not do things.
Somehow the Elders’ Council in the town Uruk got the Order of Society from Eridu and build the temple of Inanna as symbol act and ritual monument…. See the 
Inanna lured the boys. We have to keep in memory that she was fertility of rain and water as well as idol/ role model for the town. It is a very clever myth merging all the motifs needed to get things done.
Since the town of Uruk worshipped the female idol the status of women were high. From the myths we learn that gods/ role models were punished for rape. To get something from Underworld a pledge was needed such as Inanna’s sister Ereshkigal in some myths and Dumuzi in others to keep the balance.
The Me is just a collection of words that are like a law “for Heaven and Earth”. Heaven was the abstract ideas and role models and on Earth humankind carried out the reel deeds as legs/ tools of the idols. We have to know Sumerian society to explain the meaning and use of the Me. They are written in the pure Ritual Age when the rules of living were attached to the idol/ role models. Some of the ideas we understand and others not. In Mesopotamia there were several moon gods by name but by function much the same. They are generally judge among the gods and that follows surely from the first time law was lead by the moon during season. ………………………………..In most ancient cultures the ritual was lead for daily life. The priesthood was more important than kingship = Lugal = Big Man and that means the worldly leader. Staff for the shepherd and rod and line used to measure fields … until our days. Doing the hair when the priestess prepare for tempting boys to work. They were clever those old Sumerians!
I am not so sure that we should use the word “prostitute” and would replace it with “God’s sister” or worldly “stand in” for Inanna in temples and practical rituals. Observe that rape and intercourse outside marriage was not allowed. Ritual intercourse was for the priesthood and maybe for the upper class. Science have to define that better.
Behind all these Me there were unwritten rules of practice. Obviously, the Sumerian way is based on doing what is right and good — as opposed to what is allowed by law and/or society. They lived in the name of the goddess and it was natural to obey the rules of the good/ god society. In a way it seems blue-eyed to us since this kind of law trusts in kindness of humankind. As we see from the list of Me the Sumerians were aware of the weaknesses of mankind and that there are destructive forces in life. I suggest they thought that positive attitude should balance out and prevent the destructive forces.
Some music instruments gusilim, lilis, ub, mesi and ala are Sumerian names mentioned as Me. They were symbolising important things in the ritual that led the people in pace with moon and agriculture. That means spring festival and harvest feast. Most important was the spring and sowing ritual, but there seem to have been monthly rituals to keep people on line so to speak. They were hyper rational and used the sowing ritual in the beginning also at funeral since they thought of resurrection. That was behind the grave rituals in Egypt and in periods in other cultures.
Below we look at the woman’s place by law. We have to read the Inanna’s myths and all the love songs if we want to understand Sumerian women. Naturally these songs from late Sumerian times are written by the upper class. However Sumerians were thinkers and deep feeling people so the literature reflects the mind of the Sumerian woman. At the same time it is tied to nature and fertility of going beneath and resurrects by growing. That means also that the hulls dies in Underworld and we throwaway much and keep the seed. It become painful once we animate the process with humanlike idols.
Sumerians knew the double aspect of life with building forces as well as destructive forces. It starts when we eat and transform killed food to energy. We see the same in Nordic symbolism of first millennium AD as entwined serpents. Life has day and night, summer and winter and we can not think anything away. The Hebrew – Christian analysis have the impossible dream of denying one half of life.

Sumerian laws
The Moon or Time Law was the ritual law and “crime” against that was some thing for the priesthood. Upon the earth, the king holds responsibility for the law; he is the chief justice, the final court of appeal, and where necessary, the lawgiver. The kings is later development and before that maybe the Elders’ Court were judges in worldly things
Like in early medieval laws the codes were “domas” /case-judgement given when problem rises and kept in memory by the local court or law-reader.
There was no universal term for law in the Ancient Orient. Sumerian “Di” or Akkadian “Dinu” designates the legal case, the legal decision and the process itself. Nì-si-sá = misaru refers to justice as the highest good, which is supplemented by nì-gin-na = kittu “constancy”, “integrity”. All of the gods were responsible for the protection of law and justice. The sun god Utu/Shamash was preeminent in this regard. In the strict sense, there is no merely secular law, but only religious law, so that the decisions pertaining to trade may have carried far less weight than more central legal tenets.We have two cases of “highest judge”. The Sun because the court were in pace with timetable of sun, i.e. quarters of the year. In Scandinavian we have also the trisected moon year that gave three terms of court of different character. The autumn court have for many thousand years been the “law court”
Society is a matter of ongoing process up to the development of labour and industry and the growth of population. All cultures in history follow mostly the same pattern of growth and bureaucracy. Laws are not invented out of head but they are founded from common practice with the aim to keep everything going in peace in society

<<Ok, the inspiration for this post stems from the cult classic Snow Crash (Stephenson, 1992), so most of you may have already encountered this stuff.
It goes like this, more or less:
The Sumerians developed a set of rules and regulations called me that encompassed every aspect of life, belief, technology, behaviour and human conditions. They were early code, memes codified for human perusal and to pass themselves on. It was an attempt to neurolinguistically program a whole population. They were of utmost social importance and every aspect of Sumerian social life was regulated by them. E.g. the baker was required to go to the temple (where the scripts, or whatever they were [Klein, 1997; Emelianov, 2003], were placed in the custody of the god Enki, inventor of civilization) and obtain a me (a meme, or more properly a set of memes) for bakery. That particular me included instruction on how, when, where to perform his craft.
Worship, state, sex, every aspect of Sumerian life were treated similarly.

The gods of their mythology waged wars in order to conquer and possess the most me, stealing them from each other. The god (king?) with the most me was then able to aggregate (we’re talking politically, but those guys weren’t for the separation of church and state) a larger number of Sumers under his or her aegis.

Inanna, owning 50 ME’s, reminds Ningirsu from Gudea Cylinders: she is a deity of war to whom her father Enlil gives 50 ME’s. It is curious that Inanna of the Old Sumerian texts has a sufficient number of ME’s to win and unite neighbouring countries. Such state of affairs contradicts sharply the data of later written hymns in which Inanna complains about the shortage of ME’s and even takes them from her father («Enki and the World Order», «Inanna and Enki»). Also we do not find here any mention of travels with ME’s or journeys for them. (Emelianov, 2003)

One could infer that me were the weapons of mass destructions of their age, when communication was practically inexistent and regression to a primitive life very easy, if the hinges of social life cracked.

Now, we can say that the Sumerians were a totally different culture from those of today (we’re talking about 3/4000 years BCE), that their social interactions were embryonic although rigidly codified, or we can say that nothing has really changed at all…

====================================

From Göbekli Tepe Temple in Turkey Predates the Pyramids of Giza https://anthropology.net/2010/02/22/gobekli-tepe-temple-in-turkey-predates-the-pyramids-of-giza/

And compare the shape of sumerian proto-cuneiform sign ME, from https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns/ME~a.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is mea.jpg

But today, after 6,000 years, the situation is different, due to technological knowledge in particular the situation is dynamic and societies and peoples are rising or falling more or less quickly. And of course, it can be seen how toda the same y those who hold the monopoly of information have power. Not to mention the fierce competition, even the more or less invisible war between intelligence services around the world. In sumerian terms, me are the weapons of mass destructions of our age.

NOTE . Extremely interesting, the title is How was the problem 11,600 years ago From the Sumerian Me, memes, neurolinguistics and information warfare. Because it says “11,600 years ago”, the reference is obvious to Göbekli Tepe, but the author, nicknamed “assuefazione” real name Carlo Poiago does not know or not say that: – 11,600 years ago, those fellows from Göbekli Tepe were not Sumerians, ( I do not know what else could be, scientists call them “Proto Euphrateans“) – I only suspect that he realized that the shape in Tau of the stars is the Sumerian proto-cuneiform signME“, as associating 11,600 = Göbekli Tepe with the sign ME ( Tau-letter form) but at best does not made the connexen to say so (probably reasoning/given my explanation right above). – By the other part an Russian scientist, V.V. Yemelyanov, having extensive knowledge of sumerology, otherwise not being a sumerologist, (specialized in genetics and biotechnology), knows the form of this sign ME (true, newer version, cuneiform!, but not connect it to Göbekli Tepe):

From ON ТНЕ ORIGINAL МEANING OF SUМERIAN МЕ
(lmages of Weltanschauung and the Methods of Тheir Study/ Images of Worldview and the Methods of Тheir Study )V.V. Yemelyanov (lmages of Weltanschauung and the Methods of Тl1eir Study) r i а n t … vdi.igh.ru › system › articles › pdfs › original PDF <<The article discusses the problem of translating and interpreting Sumerian МЕ Ьу means of the Old
Babylonian cuneiform vocabularies and the Neo-Sumerian Gudea texts. The main supposition is that the
word was derived from the verb МЕ «to bе apparent, visble» and its original meaning was «will to live».
The author understands МЕ as the first stage of the life-process: transition of а subject from the inner
world to the outer space (as one can conclude from the cuneiform sign МE «tongue put out of mouth»).
This is why МЕ’s are so important in the New Year period of Sumero-Babylonian calender texts.>>

So, as far as I know, so far I am the only one who stated strongly that the shape (Tau-letter) of the stelae from Göbekli Tepe is really the complex symbol synthetic, in essence of life, later known by sumerians as “ME”. This symbol and icon at the same time, has been known and used for a long time by the civilizations that preceded Sumer

Gobeklitepe-Sumerian hand-bag

January 27, 2021

Sumerian Proto-cuneiform sign GA2: https://ro.scribd.com/document/353794019/PROTO-LANGUAGE-MONOSYLLABLES-With-Their-Principal-Meanings-by-Patrick-C-Ryan

 From Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia Karen Bescherer Metheny, ‎Mary C. Beaudry file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/Vessels_and_other_containers_for_the_sto.pdf                         “This frame or container sign is reletad to a symilar basket or box, namely the sign GA2”   

From  https://www.sumerian.org/sumerian.pdf&nbsp;                                                                              ” GA (pronounced nga,ñá): basket; house; stable (cf., ñar) [GA2 archaic frequency: 125; concatenation of 5 sign variants].
GA (nga,ñá): (cf., ñál, ñar, ñe26 and ma(3)) ” Sign No. 458 GA2

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is SSGa2-233-458.jpg

 with sign value https://www.oocities.org/proto-language/SumerianSignValueRegister.htm&nbsp; ba4, ga2, ma3, pisan, sita.

Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian Language Pagewww.sumerian.org › sumerianPDFAug 11, 1999 — The Sumerian lexicon has benefitted from several classes at UCLA with … pisań(2/3), pisan(2/3): (open) basket; box, chest; frame 

The sumerian word for basket, container, chest is :

From www.bulgari-istoria-2010.com › …PDF Sumerian Cuneiform English Dictionary 12013CT – bulgari-istoria 5 mai 2000 — The niftiest ‘Sumerian Cuneiform English Dictionary’ in the university world: … GA2 (ĝa2 /), mal, bisag / bisaĝ [ 704x] (pisan) = basket | [208x] … The wooden

www.academia.edu › Interpreting_J… (DOC) Interpreting John.A. Halloran’s Sumerian Lexicon … *gá: basket; house; stable (cf., gar) [GA2 archaic frequency: 125; concatenation of 5 sign variants] . ga – has the composition- ka- and the meaning-of the word iskukai-cave…

www.federatio.org › mi_biblPDF Etymological Dictionary of Hungarian (EDH) 22 ian. 2007 — to a relative small common Sumerian-Hungarian basis of … have always adhered to the Sumerian-Hungarian theory or … Sum. gá + gur … Sum. ga2 (pronounced ŋa) “I”

Proposal ; ZATU 751~b

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is ZATU751~b.jpg

From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html sign URUDU~a

This is an exact shape of the hand-bag ! : URUDU~c

From https://www.sumerian.org/sumerian.pdf urudu, uruda, urud: copper; metal (ùru, ‘luminous object’, + dù, ‘to mould, cast’)

SO THE KNOWLEDGE WICH SUMERIANS RECEIVED WAS PICTURED IN THE SHAPE OF HANDBAG, WICH MENT METALLURGY KNOWLEDGE, TO OBTAIN AND WORK METALS (COPPER). As you will see metallurgy come from the North: From www.academia.edu › Sumerian_uru… Rezultate de pe web (PDF) Sumerian urudu and Kartvelian Metallurgy.pdf | Anna … <<In Kartvelian, we have the word uro ‘mallet’, which is phonetically similar to the … Thus, the ultimate meaning of the Sumerian urudu is uro ‘a big hammer’ + du ‘head, chief’, i.e. ‘the chief big hammer’, ‘the leading big hammer’ >>

Possible at the origin the vord come from “the chief big hammer” , soo possible the Tau cross shape of monuments ment: “THE CHIEF (big hammer)” as you see the proto-cuneiform shape URU~a.

From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html Sign “DUB”

𒁾 – Wiktionaryen.wiktionary.org › wiki Borrowed from Sumerian 𒁾 (dub). NounEdit. 𒁾 (ṭuppu). (clay) tablet · document · letter.

From https://www.crystalinks.com/Anunnaki.html Ea. Enki was a deity in Sumerian mythology, later known as Ea in Babylonian mythology. The name Ea is of Sumerian origin and was written by means of two signs signifying “house” and “water”. Enki was the deity of water, intelligence, creation, and lord of the Apsu, the watery abyss. Me. He was the keeper of the holy powers called Me. The exact meaning of his name is not sure: the common translation is “Lord of the Earth”: the Sumerian en is translated as “lord”, ki as “earth”; but there are theories that ki in this name has another origin.

In the handbag were holy powers called Me

Why the “T” shape at 10,000 B.C.E. !?

January 26, 2021

I am referring to the shape of the stone monuments at Göbekli Tepe, Turkey in the shape of “Tau-cross”. Image, from https://thriveglobal.com/stories/gobekli-tepe-is-rewriting-our-entire-understanding-of-human-history/

Gobekli Tepe is Rewriting Our Entire Understanding of Human History

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Pottery_Neolithic

Fertile crescent Neolithic B circa 7500 BC.jpg
Area of the fertile crescent, circa 7500 BC, with main Pre-Pottery Neolithic sites. The area of Mesopotamia proper was not yet settled by humans. Geographical range Fertile Crescent Period Neolithic Dates c. 10,000 — 6,500 BCE Type site Jericho Preceded by Epipalaeolithic Near East (Kebaran cultureNatufian culture) Khiamian Followed by Halaf cultureNeolithic GreeceFaiyum A culture

Theoretically they could choose between extremely many forms. but this concrete form, and not another, is the result of a multitude of conditionings, aspects and concrete elements related to the mental evolution of man, the concrete conditions, the stage of evolution of society and religion, plus many other elements. Certainly the form was in the mind and collective consciousness even before the stone monuments / stars were carved, that is, they would have scratched the amulets used in the rituals (shamanic rituals say specialists). If I were to rely on the closest sign in time (the sign of Me in the shape of your cross) used by the Sumerians, it does not help me much because the meaning of the notion of Me is abstract and complex.

Sumerian proto-cuneiform sign “me” from https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

It means and refers to extremely many notions.

https://www.sumerian.org/sumerian.pdf me, mì; ñe: n., function, office, responsibility; ideal norm; the phenomenal area of a deity’s power;
divine decree, oracle; cult
[ME archaic frequency: 363; concatenates 2 sign variants].
v., to be; the Sumerian copula; to say, tell. poss. suffix, our.

For example, one of the basics is “essence”. This Ma represents, as far as I understand, the reflection, the design of the legitimacy of the universe and the involvement of the divinity in any aspect related to the concrete life of people. This connection of the shape of the monuments with the Sumerian proto-cuneiform sign “Me” to my knowledge has not been made by anyone else, and so to speak, belongs to me. In general, when it comes to imagining a symbol for a notion or set of notions, one of the initial conditions is that it be both simple and synthetic. Paradoxically for us it would be: what symbol can render the essence of the notion of essence? In fact, the essence + legitimacy + divine decree + … another 50 meanings, life, struggle, etc.etc.

A sinuous curved shape is out of the question, as it is about divine principles and laws of the universe. Of course, the circle also comes out of the discussion, because the circle does not involve fixing, establishing, declaring but instability, revolving around something. Very interesting that another reading of the Sumerian sign is that of battle.

Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian Language Pagewww.sumerian.org › sumerian Sumerian Lexicon, Version 3.0. 13 v., to be; the Sumerian copula; to say, tell. poss. suffix, our. : (cf., gíg). me3,6,7,9: battle [ME3 archaic …

As I thought, the shape represents a strong ancestor as well as his weapon, the stone battle axe/hammer. From https://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/21861516_neolithic-stone-axe-head-anatolia

Neolithic Stone Axe Head - Anatolia - Dec 06, 2013 | Artemis Gallery in CO

Din Archaeologists find 12000-year-old pictograph at Gobeklitepe mitchtempparch.blogspot.com › 2015/07 › archaeologi.. <<Arheologii cred că acești stâlpi sunt reprezentări stilizate ale ființelor umane datorită apendicelor umane săpate în piatră. >>

Our sign is also the hammer of the deity Thor, but I also saw it in Charun, Aion and Zeus hands. From https://ferrebeekeeper.wordpress.com/2014/06/12/etruscan-gods-of-death-and-the-underworld/

Etruscan Gods of Death and the Underworld | ferrebeekeeper

Hammer,hammer From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html sign URUDU~a

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is URUDU~a.jpg

Mallet,hammer, isn’nt it ? But see why URUDU:sum.”Copper” has this shape and where could come from:As you will see metallurgy come from the North: From www.academia.edu › Sumerian_uru… Rezultate de pe web (PDF) Sumerian urudu and Kartvelian Metallurgy.pdf | Anna … <<In Kartvelian (eugenrau:GEORGIA), we have the word uro ‘mallet’, which is phonetically similar to the … Thus, the ultimate meaning of the Sumerian urudu is uro ‘a big hammer’ + du ‘head, chief’, i.e. ‘the chief big hammer’, ‘the leading big hammer’ >>

Possible at the origin the vord come from “the chief big hammer” , soo possible the Tau cross shape of monuments ment: “THE CHIEF (big hammer)” as you see the proto-cuneiform shape URU~a

Could they use the cross with equal arms? No, because from the Mesolithic the sign was used for profane purposes to make signs on the raboj. Later the Sumerians used the sign of the cross in the circle for sheep (UDU)

and the simple cross for twin and sun (MAS, UTU)

Probably the ancestor of the hunter-gatherer population was a strong hunter with supernatural physical strength. From Archaeologists find 12000-year-old pictograph at Gobeklitepemitchtempparch.blogspot.com › 2015/07 › archaeologi… << Archaeologists believe these pillars are stylised representations of human beings because of the human appendages carved into the stone.>> There were found in other place in Anatolia “T shape” sculptured stones with antropomorphic traits and shapes: From A rather odd figure: The so-called Kilisik Sculpture from Adıyaman, Turkey https://www.dainst.blog/the-tepe-telegrams/2019/03/20/a-rather-odd-figure-the-so-called-kilisik-sculpture-from-adiyaman-turkey/?fbclid=IwAR19iCk81lNLPNNm17X5faD8dWGOskUmk24aM8BYhl701Jh-dIeHfV73eTQ <<The apparently anthropomorphic appearance and meaning of (at least some of) the T-shaped pillars known from Göbekli Tepe, Nevalı Çori (and likely many of the other sites with similar pillars in the area too) could have been convincingly explained by a number of very characteristic details depicted in reliefs on these pillars. Among them arms and hands as well as stola-like garments and, in the case of Göbekli Tepe’s Pillars 18 and 31 (in Building D), even belts and loincloths. ….

D1Js5VPWoAA0bxt.jpg large

This combination of very specific and very different elements and ideas makes the sculpture from Kilisik so special among Pre-Pottery Neolithic image representations and forms an interesting link between the various types of sculptural art of the period.

Hauptmann (2012, 22) even suggested to interpret this scene as a ‘mother and child’ motive (known i.a. from two of Nevalı Çori’s clay figurines). In this case the Kilisik example would represent the first female depiction to be associated with the T-shaped sculptures.>>

‮חקות העמים הבל הוא‬ (Jer 10:3) in Light of Akkadian Parṣu and … https://www.jstor.org › stable <<Akkadian parṣu is unanimously taken to mean only “cult-ordinance.” Nonetheless in numerous texts it designates physical objects including divine statues and symbols, and in these cases it should be rendered “properly formed cult object” or “properly fashioned divine statue/symbol.” This new understanding of the Akkadian term provides a parallel to “ḥuqqōt hāʿammīm” in Jer 10:3 which may be rendered now “the properly formed cult statues of the gentiles.”>>

From INTERPRETING THE CONCEPT OF ‘PLAN’ IN SUMERIAN …http://cejsh.icm.edu.pl › cejsh › element <<The aim of this article is to interpret the meaning and concept of the word ‘plan’ or ‘drawing’ in Sumerian and Akkadian written sources and to give a brief summary of this phenomenon in Mesopotamia in the 3rd-1st millennium BC. The Sumerian word ‘gis-hur’ (lit. ‘wood scratch’, meaning ‘plan’ or ‘design’), and the Akkadian word ‘eseru(m)’ (‘to draw’, ‘to design’, ‘drawing’, ‘design’ or ‘plan’) are mostly mentioned in a substantive context which encompasses the divine sphere. Gods and kings establish the world order with various ‘designs’ and ‘plans’. The Sumerian phenomenon of ‘me’ (the ‘divine power’ of gods) which describes god’s essence and is a divine attribute, and the Akkadian term ‘parsu(m)’ (‘cultic ordinance’) which encompasses divine ‘order’ and ‘cultic rites’, are both closely connected with the phenomena of ‘gis-hur’ and ‘eseru(m)’>>

www.researchgate.net › figure “Judgment of the Bird-Man” (BM 103317), The British Museum … In Akkadian mythology the terms ‘ plan’ and ‘design’ very often seem to be synonymous with parsu(m) (‘cultic ordinance’),

www.sbl-site.org › pdfs › pubsPDF Reading Akkadian Prayers and Hymns – Society of Biblical … Akkadian prayers and hymns : a reader / edited by Alan Lenzi. p. cm. — (society of Biblical … Parṣū, “cultic ordinances, rites.”

books.google.ro › books WealthWarn: A Study of Socioeconomic Conflict in Hebrew Prophecy Michael S. Moore — 2019 · Religion 73 Jeremy Black translates ME as “divine power” and GARZA as “rites.”

From https://balticasianstudies.wordpress.com/earlier-conferences/conference-2016/sections/section-5-ancient-near-eastern-studies/vladimir-emelianov-st-petersburg-state-university-russia-religious-and-philosophical-aspects-of-the-sumerian-proverbs/?fbclid=IwAR3hLygAWm2r9ZQ5C6TC4PpwB0YI1vORhAYLH7x-YT-TQ3LXW9H_-WrtXBo <<Category ME is known in the proverbs as having four meanings: a) brightness of fire, b) power, c) rites, d) office, position. The presence of ME provides the Universe with necessary rituals and principles, on the basis of which life is possible in itself. The concept of life is divided in proverbs to a) life in the human body, and b) life as an external process. A play on homonymous roots til3 ‘life’ and til3 ‘to end’ leads to an understanding of life as a process that is looking to end. The body life in the Sumerian proverbs proclaimed to be self-sufficient and the most significant value of the world. The worst punishment from gods is hunger, nuisance is wandering, and the greatest pleasure is beer (as product of sedentary life). Death was considered to be the lot of all mankind. The destiny of man was described in three main aspects: a) fate as the external thing (clothes, dog), b) fate as fortune, c) fate as mother’s voice. In proverbs great importance is given to human personal qualities, especially to piety towards one’s personal god, dignity, truth, and wisdom. >>

www.sociostudies.org › filesDOC 8 The Ruler as Possessor of Power in Sumer Vladimir V … – Dmitri M The derivation of lugal is quite clear: it means ‘ Great lu2’. … is close connection between such similar forms and ideas as Sumerian me

www.academia.edu › The_Land_of… (PDF) The Land of the Celestial Gates | Hamlet Martirosyan … <<… which the Sumerian ME cuneiform sign is derived, has the meaning ofhole, fissure, … The word “hmay” in Armenian has the meanings of “witch, enchant, magical divination, talisman”>>

ON ТНЕ ORIGINAL МEANING OF SUМERIAN МЕ
(lmages of Weltanschauung and the Methods of Тl1eir Study) V.V. Yemelyanov <<The article discusses the proЫem of translating and int,:rpreting Sumerian МЕ Ьу means of the O\d
Babylonian cuneifonn vocabularies and the Neo-Sumerian Gudea texts. The main supposition is that the
word was derived from the verb МЕ «to bе apparent, visible» and its original meaning was «will to live».
The author understands МЕ as the first stage of the life-process: transition of а subject from the inner
world to the outer space (as one can conclude from the cuneiform sign МE «tongue put out of mouth»).
This is why МЕ’s are so important in the New Year period of Sumero-Babylonian calender texts.>>

================================= We find later in the Sumerians with these meanings related to divinity makes me believe that the sign is not only related to the worship of ancestors or the dead. But my opinion is that, since then, (10,000 BC) the Tau icon has been connected with the idea of ​​divinity, even if the divinity was not yet perceived as a deity but divine ancestor; “divine” was not only the hiero ancestor, the symbol also the living creatures, life and so whole universe. Universe was worthy of admiration and deep reverence. A simple pillar or star induces the idea of ​​moving forward, of thinking, of searching. But this sign with the horizontal part above can signify the sky that covers us, that hides all secrets and that cover up. Remember, that until a few hundred years ago people had the conception that the celestial vault is a covering that contains the stars and covers us. The sky covered them in such a way that it is the last border over which there is nothing left and it is not possible to cross. The horizontal part being above still shows the desire to get up and get there. Possible rituals and stelae are related to rituals to charm the game, improve the hunting and for a better life.

Aditional documentation:

CHAPTER SEVENTEEN: THE MEANING OF THE ME https://sites.google.com/site/drgeorgefisham/publications/eden/chapter-seventeen-the-meaning-of-the-me

The concept of “me” was an important aspect in Sumerian mythology.  According to Christopher Siren (Sumerian Mythology FAQ, http://home.comcast.net/~chris.s/sumer-faq.html), “the me were universal decrees of divine authority…the invocations that spread arts, crafts, and civilization.”  In other words, “me” constituted the various divine functions that became distributed between the different gods and goddesses of the Sumerian pantheon.  Since these functions were basically “powers” to rule over various aspects of nature and society, they received their original creation from Enlil, the god of power and kingship.  For a long time, Enlil stored the me at his Nippur Temple, known as E-Kur, the “Strange House” or the “House of Kur.”  Then the great Zu Bird stole them and flew rapidly toward the Primordial Ocean with the me nestled securely in its beak.  Could this part of the tale constitute some dim recollection that “power” first resided among the strange, “bird” women (Mushen) of Kur?  At any rate, Enlil sent his warrior son, Ninurtu, to retrieve the powers.  A mighty battle ensued, during which the Bird dropped its prize into the waters of the Abyss.  Ever so gently, the me floated downward to Engur, the subterranean home of Enki, the god of water and wisdomThus, the divine invocations became the property of Enki, to dispense according to wisdom rather than brute force.  No matter how Enlil plotted for their return, he was never completely successful.From Eridu, the center of his worship, Enki imparted “me” to the rest of the world.  By means of his wise disbursement, the world gained order, government, arts, crafts, and civilization.  These good aims were accomplished as the various gods and goddesses assumed their proper functions.  The whole world seemed willing to recognize the wise rule of Enki, all except Inanna, the goddess of love.  She came to Eridu and complained that Enki’s decrees left her with too little power.  In one version of the story, Inanna succeeded at getting Enki thoroughly drunk.  While the god of wisdom lay intoxicated, Inanna stole ninety-four of the me and transported them to her cult center at E-Anna in Uruk.  Perhaps, at the height of her power, Inanna of Uruk had ninety-four sacred names or titles, each thought to convey special abilities upon a devotee.  These stories about the me may also reflect the general transfer of cultures in southern Mesopotamia, from Samarran (Kurian), to Ubaidian (Enki), to Uruk (Inanna).Besides its mythological meaning, “me” had a linguistic significance that may help us to reconstruct the original connotation for this term.  Me” functioned as a part of titles, designating that the holder should be worshipped as divine.  For example, the names “enme” or “enmen” can be translated as “the divine lord” (Sum: en = “lord,” me = “divine“).  Presumably, someone who received a “me” from Enki became an “enmen,” capable of ruling over some aspect of society or nature. ………
….Perhaps we have now arrived at the original meaning of “me.”   At first, a “me” was one of these commemorative hymns composed to preserve the heritage of the Eridu founders.  Six high priests, each the head of a particular order, had memorized their respective “me,” the one corresponding to their specific sect.  It was the responsibility (among other duties) for each high priest to make sure that his “me” got passed to the next generation verbatim, with no additions or subtractions.  To help ensure this process, it was thought that the proper invocation of a “me” could release all sorts of magical powers on the world.  Furthermore, those who knew the words of “me” gained powers of magic and wisdom in their own right.  The high priest in charge of a “me” was called an “Enmen.”  Perhaps the original meaning of this title was simply “high priest (en) in charge of a hymn or song (me).”    We believe this view gives a more natural translation to our full titles than the later rendering of “divine lord.”  Thus, “Enmenluanna” would more easily translate as “the high priest in charge of the hymn about the man of An.”  The same would hold true of the other titles involving “en” or “enmen.”

As Ubaidian culture spread throughout the Mesopotamian valley, cities were increasingly organized along the lines established at Eridu.  At the head of each settlement was an Enki (Lord of the Land).  Below him came the Council of the six Enmens, each carefully preserving the words of their respective “me.”  The growing power of this system can be seen in the names that follow Nangish-Lishma (Cain) in the Sumerian King List.  Bahina may mean “(he) does not (na) dilute (hi) or distribute (ba) (his power).“  This title aptly describes the first Enki, the founder of Eridu.  If we have properly interpreted the King List, it may be worth noting that he is the only ruler in the proto-Kish dynasty assigned a believable reign (36 years).  All other monarchs receive approximate floruits.  In various versions of the King List, Bahina is followed by Buan(num) or En-tarah-anna.  Both names show how divination of the Enkis was replacing the older worship of An.  Buan(num) means: “a Prince (num) who uproots (bu) An,“ while En-tarah-anna can be translated as: “a Lord (en) who throws away (tarah) (the things) of An (anna).“  Thus, the new deity of water and wisdom came to overshadow the older god of creation and personal relationship.  And as the power of Enki and Enmens grew, so did the alleged abilities of the wonderful, magical “me.”

De ce forma “T” la 10.000 I.E.N. !?

January 26, 2021

Ma refer la forma monumentelor de piatra de la Göbekli Tepe, Turcia in forma “crucii tau”. Imaginea, din https://anthropology.net/2010/02/22/gobekli-tepe-temple-in-turkey-predates-the-pyramids-of-giza/

Göbekli Tepe Temple in Turkey Predates the Pyramids of Giza –  Anthropology.net

Din https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Pottery_Neolithic

Fertile crescent Neolithic B circa 7500 BC.jpg
Zona semilunei fertile,circa 7500 î.Hr.,cu principalele situri neolitice pre-ceramice. Zona Mesopotamiei nu a fost încă stabilită de oameni. Aria geografică a Semilunei fertile Perioada neolitică Date c. 10.000 -6.500 î.Hr. Tipul site-ului Ierihon.Precedat de Orientul Apropiat Epipaleolitic (Cultura Kebaran, cultura Natufiană) KhiamianUrmează cultura Halaf, Grecia neolitică, cultura Faiyum A.

Teoretic puteau alege intre extrem de multe forme. Dar aceasta forma concreta, si nu alta, este rezultatul a unei multitudini de conditionari, aspecte si elemente concrete care tin de evolutia mentala a omului, conditiile concrete, stadiul de evolutie al societatii si religiei, plus extrem de multe alte elemente. Cu siguranta forma era in mintea si constiinta colectiva inca dinainte de a fi cioplite monumentele/stelele din piatra, adica or fi zgariat-o pe amuletele folosite in cadrul ritualurilor (ritualuri samanistice zic specialistii). Daca ar fi sa ma sprijin pe semnul cel mai apropiat in timp, (semnul Me in forma de cruce tau) folosit de sumerieni, acesta nu ma prea ajuta intrucat semnificatia notiunii Me este abstracta si complexa. Semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform “me”

Din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is ME~a.jpg

Inseamna si se refera la extrem de multe notiuni. https://www.sumerian.org/sumerian.pdf me, mì; ñe: n :funcție, oficiuu, responsabilitate; norma ideala; zona fenomenală a puterii unei zeități; decret divin, oracol; cult [frecvența arhaică ME: 363; concatenează 2 variante de semn].
v. a fi; copula sumeriană; a spune, a spune. pos. sufixul nostru.

De exemplu una din cele de baza este “esenta”. Acest Ma reprezinta dupa cate am inteles eu reflectarea, proiectarea legitatilor universului si a implicarii divinitatii in oricare aspect legat de viata concreta a oamenilor.Aceasta conexiune a formei monumentelor cu semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform “Me” dupa cunostinta mea nu a mai fost facuta de altcineva, si ca sa zic asa, i-mi apartine. In general, cand este vorba de a imagina un simbol pentru o notiune sau set de notiuni, una din conditiile initiale este ca acesta sa fie atat simplu cat si sintetic. Paradoxal la noi ar fi: ce simbol poate reda esenta notiunii de esenta ? In fapt esenta+legitate+decret divin+…inca alte 50 de semnificatii, viata, lupta, etc.etc. O forma curbata sinuoasa iese din calcul, intrucat este vorba de principii si legitati divine=ale universului. Desigur si cercul iese din discutie, intrucat cercul nu presupune a fixa, stabili, declara ci instabilitate, invartire in jurul a ceva. Foarte interesant ca o alta citire a semnului sumerian este aceea de lupta.

Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian Language Pagewww.sumerian.org › sumerian Sumerian Lexicon, Version 3.0. 13 v., to be; the Sumerian copula; to say, tell. poss. suffix, our. : (cf., gíg). me3,6,7,9: battle [ME3 archaic .

Dupa cum ma gandeam si eu ca forma este o reprezentare atat a unui stramos mitic, erou puternic, ?cat si a armei sale, ciocanul de piatra?. From https://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/21861516_neolithic-stone-axe-head-anatolia

Neolithic Stone Axe Head - Anatolia - Dec 06, 2013 | Artemis Gallery in CO

Din Archaeologists find 12000-year-old pictograph at Gobeklitepe mitchtempparch.blogspot.com › 2015/07 › archaeologi.. << >> Semnul “tau” este si ciocanul zeitatilor Marduk si Thor dar l-am vazut si la Charun, Aion si Zeus. Din WikipediaCharun – Wikipedia

Charun – Wikipedia

Ciocanul, cicanul… Din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html sign URUDU~a

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is URUDU~a.jpg

Ciocan, ciocan, nu-i așa? Dar vezi de ce URUDU: sum. “Cupru” are această formă și de unde ar putea veni: După cum veți vedea, metalurgia vine din nord: De la http://www.academia.edu ›Sumerian_uru … Rezultate de pe web (PDF) Sumerian urudu și Kartvelian Metalurgie.pdf | Anna … << În Kartveliana, avem cuvântul uro „ciocan”, care este similar din punct de vedere fonetic cu … Astfel, semnificația supremă a uruduului sumerian este uro „un ciocan mare” + du „cap, șef” , adică „ciocanul mare principal”, „cel mai mare ciocan mare” >> Posibil la origine, cuvantul provine de la „principalul ciocan mare”, așa că este posibilă forma de cruce a monumentelor Tau: „ȘEFUL (ciocanul mare)” așa cum vedeți forma proto-cuneiformă URU ~ a

…Puteau folosi ca simbol crucea cu brate egale? Nu, pentru ca din mezolitic semnul era folosit in scopuri profane de a face semne pe raboj. Ulterior sumerienii au folosit semnul cruce in cerc pentru oaie (UDU) https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

si crucea simpla pentru geaman si soare (MASZ/MAS, UTU). https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

Probabil stramosul populatiei de culegatori-vanatori era un vanator cu puternic cu forta fizica supranaturala.Faptul ca T(tau) il regasim mai apoi la sumerieni cu aceaste semnificatii legate de divinitate ma face sa cred ca semnul nu are legatura numai cu cultul stramosilor sau mortilor. Sau gasit in Anatolia si alte centre de cult si monumente in forma de tau (Adyaman). Din https://www.dainst.blog/the-tepe-telegrams/2019/03/20/a-rather-odd-figure-the-so-called-kilisik-sculpture-from-adiyaman-turkey/?fbclid=IwAR19iCk81lNLPNNm17X5faD8dWGOskUmk24aM8BYhl701Jh-dIeHfV73eTQ << Aspectul și semnificația aparent antropomorfă a (cel puțin unora dintre) stâlpii în formă de T cunoscuți din Göbekli Tepe, Nevalı Çori (și probabil și multe dintre celelalte situri cu stâlpi similari din zonă) ar fi putut fi explicate convingător de o serie de detalii foarte caracteristice reprezentate în reliefuri pe acești stâlpi. Printre ele brațe și mâini, precum și articole de îmbrăcăminte asemănătoare stolei și, în cazul stâlpilor 18 și 31 ai lui Göbekli Tepe (în clădirea D), chiar și centuri și paiete. ……

D1Js5VPWoAA0bxt.jpg large

Această combinație de elemente și idei foarte specifice și foarte diferite face ca sculptura de la Kilisik să fie atât de specială între reprezentările de imagini neolitice pre-ceramice și formează o legătură interesantă între diferitele tipuri de artă sculpturală a perioadei.

Hauptmann (2012, 22) a sugerat chiar să interpreteze această scenă ca un motiv „mamă și copil” (cunoscut i.a. din două dintre figurinele din lut ale lui Nevalı Çori). >> Sunt de parere ca simbolul “Tau” avea inca de pe atunci, (10.000 IEN) legatura cu ideea de divinitate, chiar daca divinitatea nu era perceputa inca ca o zeitate ci divin, divinul era mai degraba decat stramosul, era intreg universul. Acesta era demn e admiratie de un adanc respect si veneratie.Un simplu stalp sau stela induce ideea mersului mai departe, a gandirii, a cautarii.Insa acest semn cu partea orizontala deasupra poate semnifica cerul care ne acopera, care ascunde toate secretele si care ne acopera. Retineti, ca pana acum putine sute de ani oamenii aveau conceptia ca bolta cereasca este un invelis care contine stelele si ne acopera. Cerul ii acoperea de maniera ca este granita ultima peste care nu mai este nimic si nu se poate trece.Partea orizontala fiind sus arata totusi dorinta de a ne ridica si ajunge pana acolo.

Apropos de forma semnului proto-cuneiform in “T” (citire sumeriana ME) Din THE LAND OF THE CELESTIAL GATES (Excerpt from the book <“Lion” Character in the Petroglyphs of Syuniq and Ancient World>) << ME – ETSCL, care traduce frecvent cuvântul me în alte texte ca esență= «էություն», nu a tradus cuvântul în discuție și l-a lăsat așa cum este. H.Vanstiphout l-a tradus ca pe o putere, în timp ce I.Kaneva il traduce într-un caz ca закон = lege și în cealaltă instanță ca обряд = rit.
Drept urmare, Aratta a fost descris ca „muntele strălucitorului ME”, „muntele cel al puterilor inviolate/imaculate ”și„ țara drepturilor curate ”, respectiv. In primul rand, aceste descrieri diferă prin semnificațiile pe care le exprimă și, în al doilea rând, dacă le privim din punctul de vedere al problemei noastre, semnificația lui ME rămâne incertă. În scrierile viitoare vom încerca să arătăm că este necesar să se utilizeze „pasaj, fisură, deschidere, ușă, poartă, cale ” ca semnificație a semnului cuneiform ME în acest segment. Pentru asta, mai întâi trebuie să clarificăm citirile și semnificațiile tuturor cuvintelor și apoi să determinăm semnificația completă a segmentului>>

Sumerian language and word “me”

January 26, 2021

The place of sumerian language in the langage tree even now is not precisely fixed, and disputed. From http://factsanddetails.com/world/cat56/sub363/item1526.html

SUMERIAN, MESOPOTAMIAN AND SEMITIC LANGUAGES | Facts and Details

SUMERIAN LANGUAGE


Sumerian—the language written in the world’s oldest written texts—is unrelated to any modern language. Linguists have no idea what language group it belonged to. Babylonian and Assyrian are Semitic languages.

 The origin of Sumerian is unknown. It was different from the Semitic languages—Akkadian, Eblaite, Elmamite, Hebrew and Arabic—that followed and appeared not to have been related to Indo-European languages that emerged much later in India and Iran. Only a few words derived from Sumerian have survived. They included “abyss,” and “Eden.” After Sumer was conquered by the Akkadians, spoken Sumerian began to die out but was later preserved by the Babylonians in sort of same way that Latin is kept alive by Europe cultures. It was taught in schools and used in religious rituals.

 John Alan Halloran of sumerian.org wrote: “There appears to be some slight relation between Sumerian and both Ural-Altaic and Indo-European. This may just be due to having evolved in the same northeast Fertile Crescent linguistic area. I don’t see any connection at all between Sumerian and Semitic. [Source: John Alan Halloran, sumerian.org]

From

Polish among languages of the world

Glen Gordon newer analyses are presented below :http://grzegorz.jagodzinski.prv.pl/images/nostratic3.png or from http://paleoglot.blogspot.com/2007/03/what-is-nostratic-theory.html

From https://www.lauravaleri.com/post/om-sumerians-and-the-sumero-tamil-connection Dr. K. Loganathan, a researcher in SumeroTamil studies believes that there is a strong link between the ancient Tamil language and ancient Sumerian and that Sumerian is, in fact, Archaic Tamil. Based on this hypothesis, he has developed a method for translating Sumerian tablets by matching a phonological reading of the cuneiform script with the ancient Tamil language, which he believes leads to a more accurate translation than the currently used widespread approach.

From Lexical Correspondences between Sumerian and Dravidian https://www.azargoshnasp.net/recent_history/pan_turkist_philosophy/sumd/sumeritamil1.htm

The last few decades have seen some important advances made in unfolding the mystery surrounding the prehistory of the Dravidian speakers in India. Evidence are accumulating to show that there are close linkages between the present day Dravidian speakers and those ancients who established remarkable civilizations in the Indus, ancient Persia and in the valleys of Tigris-Euphrates, called respectively Melluha, Elam and Sumer. The claim David W. McAlpin 91974, 1975) that the ancient Elam is cognate with Dravidian seems to be have been well received by scholars. While uncertainties still surround the decipherment of the Indus script , Walter A.Fairservis Jr. (1986) concludes, after a careful consideration of a variety of factors, that Dravidian remains the best possible candidate for the Harappan language.

Another conjecture that further strengthens the above hypothesis comes from J.V.Kinnier Wilson(1986). He claims that the Harappans and Sumerians were in fact the same people, that the Sumerians were in fact INDO-SUMERIANS, a small group of people who probably separated from the parent stock, the Harappans, settled in Sumeria and began to develop independently.

Now in addition to the above thesis of Indo-Sumerian, we shall propose here what can be called the thesis of Sumero-Dravidians; that sometime after the second millennium B.C. when Sumer was sacked by Hammurabi and taken over by the semitic speaking people who lived initially in Akkad, a substantial number of Sumerians came to India particularly the extreme South and today constitute the basic population of the speakers of Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Tulu and other  S.Dravidian languages and were probably the people who established the Sangam Culture around the period 800 B.C to 300 A.D . Evidences in favour of Sumero-Dravidian thesis are accumulating.

From Wikipedia

Nostratic languages - Wikipedia

=======================================================

GÖBEKLI TEPE “TAU CROSS” = SUMERIAN PROTO-CUNEIFORM SIGN ME

EXCAVATING GÖBEKLI TEPE | Saint Laika's

Image, from EXCAVATING GÖBEKLI TEPE | Saint Laika’s

=

https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html SIGN ME
https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html SIGN URUDU

(PDF) THE UNITY OF HAMITO-SEMITIC AND SUMERIAN …www.academia.edu › THE_UNITY_OF_HAMITO-SE… Sumerian me (3,6,7,9) “battle” HS: OAram. mђ “to beat, to harm” 

From https://www.degruyter.com/view/journals/aofo/24/2/article-p211.xml

From https://enenuru.proboards.com/thread/773/mes

The divine power over the human world is made concrete in the concept of the Sumerian
me“, a word which is translated into Akkadian as parṣu or with the Akkadianised
Sumerian expression mu. The Akkadian word parṣu belongs, in the first
place, to the cultic environment and designates a “rite”, a “cultic regulation”, an “office”.
However, its meaning also includes concrete objects, such as “symbols” or
“emblems”.
More generally, parṣu can mean “decision”, “rule”, “custom”.

In modem translations, the me is often rendered as “divine powers” or else as
divine decrees”, “norms”, “rituals”, “rites“.32 Nevertheless, the Sumerian concept
remains elusive, designating both abstract and concrete things, and, in some texts,
the precise significance remains uncertain.”

Hrůša’s footnote 32 reads: The glossary of ETCSL translates me with “essence”; the electronic Pennsylvania Sumerian
Dictionary gives as tbe meaning “being, divine properties enabling cosmic activity; office;
(cultie) ordinance”. However, the interpretation of me as abstract principles behind concrete
things, such as “essence” or “being” or analogically to the Platonic ideas, does not correspond
with the concrete thinking of the pre-philosophical cultures of the ancient Orient, that
generally avoid the formulating of overall rules or principles. Therefore, it seems to me preferable
to conceive the me in a more concrete way, connecting them with concrete divinities,
their attributes, and offices, rites and symbols of their cult.

Hrůša notes that Enlil is the primary holder of the me, although they also change hands:
“The supreme administrator of the me is the god Enli!, the source of authority and
power. It is he, less often the god An, who assigns the me to the individual gods. He
does this in the Ekur, in his temple in the city of Nippur. The me are assigned not
only to the gods but also to the cities and their temples which are the centres of the
divine cult and the earthly abodes of these gods. The location of the me in the cities
and in the temples demonstrates their cultural and cultic character.

But not only Enlil, other gods too can give the me to another god: so Ninurta
gives the me to his mother, Ninhursaga, or Suen gives the me to his daughter,
Inanna.” Numerous me were collected by Enki and deposited in his subterranean
residence, in Apsû.

The me which are assigned to the individual gods correspond to the performance
of the competences or functions of the respective divinities (the same goes for the
me of kingship conferred on a terrestrial king). The clearest example is the goddess
Inanna/lshtar, who, according to the myth Inanna and Enki, obtains from her father
Enki more than a hundred me: all of them have a connection with tbe divine rule
and cult of Inanna.”

However, as Hrůša notes, the me have also a cult connotation:
In many texts, the word me occurs in connection with the rites (garza/parṣu),
regulations/designs/plans (giš-hur/ uṣurtu) and rites of purification (šuh-luh/šuluhhû),
and seems to designate the “cult” or the “rite, ritual”, especially when it is a
question of the performance of regular cultic occasions (every month, New Year):
“Each month at the new moon the great me, my festival of An, are performed for me
magnificently.”

From https://cdli.ucla.edu/pubs/cdlp/cdlp0003_20160104.pdf me divine power, attribute, office; ‘essence‘ (G.
Cunningham, Analysing Lit. Sum. 76)

www.gravity.org › mythology › my… GRAVITY: Mythology and History – Gravity.org … from the former P-I-E homeland in central Eurasia, i.e. from an extremely landlocked region. … Similarly the Sumerian me means “ cosmic order” as well as “to act, behave,” “to be , say, …

en.m.wiktionary.org › wiki › Recon… Reconstruction:Proto-Dravidian/mē – Wiktionary Proto-Dravidian. Alternative forms. * mēl. Adverb. *mē. up, above.

https://ro.scribd.com/document/133167378/Sumer-Star https://docu.tips/documents/sumer-star-5c1126e98591f Sumerian ME — Egyptian MA’AT The Sumerians believed that Inanna brought from her father, in the case represented as Enlil , the Lord of the Gods, the fundamental requirements of human life and civilization, immutable manifestations of the divine will which were at the root of Sumerian society. These divinely inspired concepts were called me and include the Kingship and the divine, truth, law, rejoicing, the crafts, and a host of others.
The key to the Egyptian world was represented by the concept ma’at, a term which is elusive and which,
like the Sumerian me resists precise translation. Ma’at is order, balance, the harmony of the universe, a
discipline weighing of many elements in a coherent whole; Ma’at is also truth, for truth and order, in
cosmic or universal terms, must be identical. The hieroglyph for Ma’at is a delicate, adolescent girl, naked
but for a single feather in her hair. In the Egyptian creation myths the process began when the Creator
lifts Ma’at to his lips, and kissing her, thus the universe is born. In my research during the Middle
Kingdom 12th Dynasty King Amenemhet III (2000-1970 B.C.); the king is “the shepherd” of the people;
ma’at, “justice, right”.

Very interesting !…. From Adyghe / Circassian Habze Sjur Cappelen Papazian https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/10/16/adyghe-circassian-habze/amp/?fbclid=IwAR28NZAJMDN_3uIHdY1ZgAxhSxOOIuPFzZZ5_qPD9Cc9aqAIzYTObZG_IGo

The Adyghe “hammer cross” representing god Tha.
Habze is a philosophical and religious system of personal values and the relationship between an individual to others, to the world around him, and to the Higher Mind. In essence, it represents monotheism with a much-defined system of worshipping One God – the Mighty Tha, Thashkhue or Thashkho, who begets the universe.
First of all, Tha expresses himself generating the Word or cosmic Law (Khy), the primordial pattern from which all the beings form naturally, developing by internal laws. Enlightenment for men corresponds to an understanding of Tha’s Law. Tha is omnipresent in his creation (coagulation); according to Adyghe cosmological texts, “his spirit is scattered throughout space”.
In Adyghe hymns Tha (Thashxue) is referred to as “the One everyone asks, but who doesn’t ask back”, “the multiplier of the non-existent”, “on whom everyone places their hope, but who doesn’t place hope on anyone”, “from whom the gifts come”, “His amazing work”, “the One who permits heaven and earth to move”.
Everything is One (Psora Zysch, Psora Hysch), and is one with the Tha. The material-manifested world is in perpetual change, but at the same time there is a foundation that always remains unshaken. That is the originating principle of the world and its Law. The always-changing world and its basis is compared to a rotating wheel: although the wheel is constantly rotating (changing), it has its central hub around which it revolves, which remains still.
An important element is the belief in the soul (psa) of the ancestors, who have the ability to observe and evaluate the affairs of their offsprings. The souls of the ancestors require commemoration, whereby funeral feasts are arranged (hedeus); sacrifice or memorial meal preparations (zheryme) are practiced and distributed for the remembrance of the dead souls.
The concept of physical pain or pleasure in the Hereafter (Hedryhe) is absent — the soul is granted spiritual satisfaction or remorse for one’s chosen path in life in front of himself and his ancestors.
Therefore, the goal of man’s earthly existence is the perfection of the soul, which corresponds to the maintenance of honour (nape), manifestation of compassion (guschlegu), gratuitous help (psape), which, along with valor, and bravery of a warrior, enables the human soul to join the soul of the ancestors with a clear conscience (nape huzhkle).
Etseg literally means “exact”, “true” in the Ossetian language. Din is a cognate of the Persian Daena and the Sanskrit Dharma, which represents “insight” and “revelation”, and from this “conscience” and “religion”, the Eternal Law or the order of the universe, equivalent to the Ṛta (“properly ordered”, “properly bound”) in all Indo-European religions.

From ON ТНЕ ORIGINAL МEANING OF SUМERIAN МЕ (lmages of Weltanschauung and the Methods of Тl1eir Study) V.V. Yemelyanov

<<The article discusses the proЫem of translating and int,:rpreting Sumerian МЕ Ьу means of the O\d
Babylonian cuneifonn vocabularies and the Neo-Sumerian Gudea texts. The main supposition is that the
word was derived from the verb МЕ «
to bе apparent, visible» and its original meaning was «will to live».
The author understands МЕ as the first stage of the life-process: transition of а subject from the inner
world to the outer space (as one can conclude from the cuneiform sign МБ «tongue put out of mouth»).
This is why МЕ’s are so important in the New Year period of Sumero-Babylonian calender texts.>>

ATTENTION, IT DOESN’T PURPOSE TO LOOK FOR DEEDS OR MORE OR LESS ABSTRACT AND ILLUSIVE, THE PROBLEM IS MUCH SIMPLER: LIFE AND DEATH About the shape of the proto-cuneiform sign in “T” (Sumerian reading ME) From THE LAND OF THE CELESTIAL GATES (Excerpt from the book <“Lion” Character in the Petroglyphs of Syuniq and Ancient World>)

<< ME – the ETSCL, which frequently translates the word me in other texts as essence=«էություն», has not translated the word under discussion and has left it as it is. H. Vanstiphout has translated it is as power, while I.Kaneva translates it in one instance as закон=law and in the other instance as обряд=rite. As a result Aratta has been described as “the mountain of the shining ME”, “the mountain of the inviolate powers” and “the country of clean rights”, respectively. Firstly, these descriptions differ in the meanings they express and secondly, if we look at it from the point of view of our issue, the meaning of me remains uncertain. In future writings we will try to show that it is necessary to use the “passage, fissure,aperture, door, gate, way” meaning of the ME cuneiform sign in this segment. For that, first we must clarify all the readings and meanings of all the words and then determine the complete meaning of the segment.>>

Critics on “A River Runs Through It: the Semiotics of Göbekli Tepe’s Map” by Dragos Gheorghiu

January 25, 2021

A River Runs Through It: the Semiotics of Göbekli Tepe’s Map (an Exercise of Archaeological Imagination) Dragoş Gheorghiu National University of Arts, Bucharest. (PDF) A River Runs Through It:: the Semiotics of Göbekli …www.researchgate.net › publication › 281366206_A_Riv…Sep 29, 2020 — PDF |

I was astonished how the author choosed between many interesting subjetcs and approaches, on a hunter-gatherer society, this one with water/rivers.

“In the 20th century, archaeologists paid attention to this relationship between humans and water,
especially in the arid zones of the Earth, for example, Pumpelly (1908) and later Childe (1928, 1936), proposed
the oasis model to explain the emergence of agriculture and the domestication of animals (Verhoeven 2004: 192).Other archaeologists also tried to explain the emergence of domestication due to the proximity to water (Price and Gebauer, 1995: 7–8; Smith, 1998: 210), since “plants were first domesticated near rivers, lakes, marshes or springs” (Verhoeven 2004: 189).Paleoeconomies were dependent of water resources (see Brown 1997: 282) not only because of the acquisition of food, but also because of trade exchanges. It is well known
that there was a relation between site location and water sources (Jackson 1988; Dobrzanska et al. 2004; Byrd
2005; Gheorghiu 2006).>>

From Archeology and the Domestication of Animals in the Old Worldanthrosource.onlinelibrary.wiley.com › doi › pdf In the light of the current evidence, a Neolithic economy based in part on four domestic animals (cattle, sheep/goat, and pig) was first developed in the Near East by the fifth millennium B.C. From this area the practice of domestication spread through the Old World in two ways: (1) as an idea which was applied …

ARCHAEOLOGICAL DOCUMENTATION OF ANIMAL DOMESTICATION
Melinda A. Zeder, Section Editor (PDF) Archaeological approaches to Documenting Animal … http://www.researchgate.net › publication › 285767160_Archae… <<Efforts to document the domestication of sheep and goats in the Near East have drawn heavily on both zoogeographic and abundance markers. Early work in the Zagros region of the eastern Fertile Crescent effectively used zoogeographic arguments to buttress the case for the domestic status of goats on the arid, lowland Deh Luran Plain (Hole et al. 1969), and, less convincingly, to make a case for the domestic status
of sheep in highland Iraq (Perkins 1964). These markers have played a much larger role in more recent work, which focuses on the piedmont and steppe regions of the Taurus Mountains in the central Fertile Crescent and on its far western arm in the Levant. Beginning about 9000–8500 BP, a manymillennia-long concentration on gazelles was replaced in this region by a dramatic increase in the importance of caprovines, especially goats. ….. Early research in the Fertile Crescent focused on the Zagros region of Iran
and Iraq, where the earliest evidence of the domestication of sheep and goats
seemed to coincide with, or perhaps even slightly precede, the domestication of cereal grains (Hole 1989). With the shift in research away from politically troubled regions like Iran and Iraq in the 1970s and the explosive growth of research in the Levant, particularly in Israel, Jordan, and the piedmont and steppe regions of northern Syria, a very different picture emerged. Here, there was very early evidence for cereal domestication but no corresponding evidence for animal domestication.Although people in this region may have been auditioning the gazelle for a possible role as a future domesticate, gazelles are not behaviorally suited to domestication. Domestic animals do not appear in the Levant until as much as a millennium after the initial domestication of certain types of barley and wheat, when goats begin to play a major role in local subsistence economies alternatively attributed to either a local process of domestication (Horwitz 2003) or to the introduction of already domesticated animals from outside the region (Bar Yosef 2000). Emerging evidence from recent work in the foothills and mountain valleys of the Taurus Mountains is pushing back dates for initial domestication of sheep, goats, and pigs, promising, once again, to rewrite the story of the domestication of plants and animals in the region
(Peters et al. 1999; Vigne and Buitenhuis 1999; Hongo and Meadow 1998; Ervynck et al. 2002). >>

So,1. “a dramatic increase in the importance of caprovines, especially goats” ,not specifically domestication, between 9000-8500 BP is 7.000-6.500 BC. But Gobekly Tepe is between 7.500-9.000 !! 2. At Gobekly Tepe were found only bones/remaines of gazelles wich were eate. No other animal was availeble for hunting. Gazelles as obove:not suited for domestication !

Emergence of livestock husbandry in Early Neolithic Anatolia …www.oxfordhandbooks.com › view › oxfordhb › oxfo… Despite interaction with humans since the final Pleistocene, domestication of Sus in southeastern Anatolia is only evidenced after 8500 bce

Spread of domestic animals across Neolithic western Anatolia …journals.plos.org › plosone › article › journal.pone.018… Oct 18, 2017 — … adds new zooarchaeological data to the existing body of research on the spread of domesticated animals across Neolithic western Anatolia.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestication#Animals   <In the Fertile Crescent 10,000-11,000 years ago, zooarchaeology indicates that goats, pigs, sheep, and taurine cattle were the first livestock to be domesticated.  Cereal crops were first domesticated around 11,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East. > My note. 9.000 BC for animals and plants but in Fertile Crescent. 9.000-10.000 BC in any case is out of range and out of any domestication !

From Gheorghiu’s paper: <<Assuming that the presence of the various species of animals acts as evidence of a specific ecosystem, the iconography acquires meaning and structure. Peters
and Schmidt (2004: 211-212) already approached this semiotics of the landscape, by stressing that “[w]hile the
combination of gazelle and Asiatic wild ass on P[illar]21 is indicative for dry, open landscapes, other species such as aurochs, wild boar and cranes are partial to moist, riparian habitats. Such a mixture of biotopes is found at the ecotone of steppe and river valley vegetation, and this must have been the case along most water courses in both the Euphrates and Tigris drainage regions.” >>

None of above animals could be domesticated: gazelles, aurochs,wild boar and cranes.

Göbekli Tepe https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%B6bekli_Tepe

The inhabitants are presumed to have been hunters and gatherers who nevertheless lived in villages for at least part of the year.[11][unreliable source?] So far, very little evidence for residential use has been found.[dubious – discuss] Through the radiocarbon method, the end of Layer III can be fixed at about 9000 BCE (see above), but it is hypothesized by some archaeologists[by whom?] that the elevated location may have functioned as a spiritual center during 10,000 BCE or earlier, essentially, at the very end of the Pleistocene. ….. <<Around 10.000 YBP, a new way of life emerged for humans through the management and exploitation of plant and animal species, leading to higher-density populations in the centers of domestication, the expansion of agricultural economies, and the development of urban communities>>

10.000 YBP=8.000 BC, out of Göbekli Tepe range 9.000-10.000 BCE !

<<Around the beginning of the 8th millennium BCE Göbekli Tepe lost its importance. The advent of agriculture and animal husbandry brought new realities to human life in the area, and the “Stone-age zoo” (Schmidt’s phrase applied particularly to Layer III, Enclosure D) apparently lost whatever significance it had had for the region’s older, foraging communities. >>

Göbekli Tepe’s foraging communities left the site after advent of agriculture and animal husbandry !

WIKI: <<Schmidt also interpreted the site in connection with the initial stages of the Neolithic.[6] It is one of several sites in the vicinity of Karaca Dağ, an area that geneticists suspect may have been the original source of at least some of our cultivated grains (see Einkorn). Recent DNA analysis of modern domesticated wheat compared with wild wheat has shown that its DNA is closest in sequence to wild wheat found on Karaca Dağ 30 km (20 mi) away from the site, suggesting that this is where modern wheat was first domesticated.>>

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karaca_Da%C4%9F#:~:text=The%20results%20strongly%20suggest%20that,in%20the%20Battle%20of%20Yass%C4%B1%C3%A7emen. The results strongly suggest that slopes of Karaca Dağ provided the site for the first domestication of einkorn wheat approximately 9,000 years ago.

me: wheat domestication in the area at 7.000 BC, 2.000-3.000 years later!

Wiki: <<Schmidt also engaged in speculation regarding the belief systems of the groups that created Göbekli Tepe, based on comparisons with other shrines and settlements. He presumed shamanic practices and suggested that the T-shaped pillars represent human forms, perhaps ancestors, whereas he saw a fully articulated belief in deities as not developing until later, in Mesopotamia, that was associated with extensive temples and palaces. This corresponds well with an ancient Sumerian belief that agricultureanimal husbandry, and weaving were brought to humans from the sacred mountain Ekur, which was inhabited by Annuna deities, very ancient deities without individual names. Schmidt identified this story as a primeval oriental myth that preserves a partial memory of the emerging Neolithic>>

From Cereals, feasts and monuments at Göbekli Tepe – The Tepe … https://www.dainst.blog › 2019/05/09 › cereals-feasts-a.. <<At the same time, Göbekli Tepe´s remote location on a barren mountain ridge is very unusual compared to the setting of contemporaneous Neolithic settlements, which are regularly located next to water sources.>>

From Losing your head at Göbekli Tepe – The Tepe Telegrams https://www.dainst.blog › 2016/05/05 › losing-your-he.. <<Göbekli Tepe is a special site in many respects: its location is hostile to settlement, no water sources are in vicinity; clear evidence for domestic building types missing so far in Layer III; only selection of material culture is present (very few bone tools, clay figurines absent); and there is a considerable investment of resources and work.>>

14 perechi de semne vechi de 6.000-12.000 de ani.

January 23, 2021

EXCAVATING GÖBEKLI TEPE | Saint Laika’s http://saintlaika.com/2012/04/04/excavating-gobekli-tepe/

EXCAVATING GÖBEKLI TEPE | Saint Laika's
Excerpts: <<I am fascinated by the 12000 year old temple complex at Göbelki Tepe in Turkey. I am not a scientist, archaeologist or historian, I am of a more philosophical bent. So I am free to suppose and search for meaning that is not provable. One thing that immediately stood out for me when I watched a documentary on the discoveries at this ancient site recently was the similarity between the megaliths at Göbelki Tepe (see photo above) and the tau cross (see photo of tau cross in Ireland below). The tau cross predates the Christian cross. It was placed on the lips of Egyptian kings when they were initiated into the mysteries, was used symbolically in many other pre-Christian cultures and even gets a mention in the Old Testament, in Ezekiel and, possibly, Job. I think it is extremely probable that Christ was crucified on a tau shaped cross (it’s much easier to construct than the traditional Christian cross) and that early Christians changed the shape of the symbol to distance themselves from paganism.>>
LIMBA ROMANA: <<Sunt fascinat de complexul de temple vechi de 12000 de ani de la Göbelki Tepe din Turcia. Nu sunt om de știință, arheolog sau istoric, sunt de o îndoială mai filosofică. Așadar, sunt liber să presupun și să caut un sens care nu poate fi dovedit. Un lucru care mi-a ieșit imediat în evidență când am urmărit recent un documentar despre descoperirile din acest sit antic a fost asemănarea dintre megalitii de la Göbelki Tepe (vezi fotografia de mai sus) și crucea tau (vezi fotografia crucii tau din Irlanda de mai jos). Crucea tau precedă crucea creștină. A fost pusa pe buzele regilor egipteni când au fost inițiați în mistere, a fost folosit simbolic în multe alte culturi precreștine și chiar primește o mențiune în Vechiul Testament, în Ezechiel și, eventual, în Iov. Cred că este extrem de probabil că Hristos a fost răstignit pe o cruce în formă de tau (este mult mai ușor de construit decât crucea creștină tradițională) și că primii creștini au schimbat forma simbolului pentru a se distanța de păgânism.>> Din https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%B6bekli_Tepe#Dating
7.370-9.130 BCE Remains of smaller buildings identified as Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) and dating from 9th millennium BCE have also been unearthed. 
Some of the T-shaped pillars have human arms carved on their lower half, however, suggesting to site excavator Schmidt that they are intended to represent the bodies of stylized humans (or perhaps deities).Schmidt considered Göbekli Tepe a central location for a cult of the dead and that the carved animals are there to protect the dead. Though no tombs or graves have yet been found, Schmidt believed that graves remain to be discovered in niches located behind the walls of the sacred circles.
Schmidt also engaged in speculation regarding the belief systems of the groups that created Göbekli Tepe, based on comparisons with other shrines and settlements. He presumed shamanic practices and suggested that the T-shaped pillars represent human forms, perhaps ancestors, whereas he saw a fully articulated belief in deities as not developing until later, in Mesopotamia, that was associated with extensive temples and palaces. This corresponds well with an ancient Sumerian belief that agricultureanimal husbandry, and weaving were brought to humans from the sacred mountain Ekur, which was inhabited by Annuna deities, very ancient deities without individual names. Schmidt identified this story as a primeval oriental myth that preserves a partial memory of the emerging Neolithic.
Expanding on Schmidt’s interpretation that round enclosures could represent sanctuaries, Gheorghiu’s semiotic interpretation reads the Göbekli Tepe iconography as a cosmogonic map that would have related the local community to the surrounding landscape and the cosmos. 
As there is little or no evidence of habitation, and many of the animals pictured are predators, the stones may have been intended to stave off evils through some form of magic representation. Alternatively, they could have served as totems.
LIMBA ROMANA: 7.370-9.130 î.Hr.
Au fost dezgropate și rămășițe ale clădirilor mai mici identificate ca neolitic pre-olărit B (PPNB) și datând din mileniul 9 î.Hr.
Unii dintre stâlpii în formă de T au brațele umane sculptate pe jumătatea lor inferioară, sugerând însă excavatorului Schmidt că acestea sunt destinate să reprezinte corpurile oamenilor stilizați (sau poate a zeităților). Schmidt a considerat Göbekli Tepe o locație centrală pentru un cult al morților și că animalele sculptate sunt acolo pentru a proteja morții. Deși nu au fost încă găsite morminte sau morminte, Schmidt credea că mormintele rămân de descoperit în nișe situate în spatele zidurilor cercurilor sacre.
Schmidt s-a angajat și în speculații cu privire la sistemele de credințe ale grupurilor care au creat Göbekli Tepe, pe baza comparațiilor cu alte sanctuare și așezări. El a presupus practici șamanice și a sugerat că stâlpii în formă de T reprezintă forme umane, poate strămoși, în timp ce el a văzut ca o credință complet articulată în zeități că nu se dezvoltă decat până mai târziu, în Mesopotamia, care a fost asociată cu temple și palate extinse. Acest lucru corespunde bine cu credință sumeriană antică că agricultura, creșterea animalelor și țesutul au fost aduse oamenilor din muntele sacru Ekur, care era locuit de zeități Annuna, zeități foarte vechi, fără nume individuale. Schmidt a identificat această poveste ca un mit oriental primordial care păstrează o memorie parțială a neoliticului emergent.
Extinzându-se pe interpretarea lui Schmidt că incintele rotunde ar putea reprezenta sanctuare, interpretarea semiotică a lui Gheorghiu citește iconografia Göbekli Tepe ca pe o hartă cosmogonică care ar fi legat comunitatea locală de peisajul înconjurător și de cosmos.
Deoarece există puține sau deloc dovezi ale locuinței și multe dintre animalele din imagine sunt prădători, pietrele ar fi putut fi destinate să împiedice relele printr-o formă de reprezentare magică. Alternativ, ar fi putut servi ca totemuri. [58]

===================================

1.Semnul T (crucea Tau)

Din https://anthropology.net/2010/02/22/gobekli-tepe-temple-in-turkey-predates-the-pyramids-of-giza/

Göbekli Tepe Temple in Turkey Predates the Pyramids of Giza –  Anthropology.net

https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html Semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform “ME”

The Proto-Sumerian Language Invention Process by John A. Halloran https://www.sumerian.org/prot-sum.htm << me, mì; gtildee: n., function, office, responsibility; ideal norm; the phenomenal area of a deity’s power; divine decree, oracle; cult. Rom.:”zona fenomenală a puterii unei zeități; decret divin, oracol; cult.” v., to be; the Sumerian copula; to say, tell. poss. suffix, our. me3,6,7,9: battle. me6: to act, behave. mí[SAL]: n., woman; female (this pronunciation of the sign found in compound words and verbs or in enclitic or proclitic position, Hallo & van Dijk, p. 85) (cf. also, mu10, munus) (compounds are more likely to preserve an older word).>>

Din https://www.naturepagan.com/2300-bce-cuneiform-signs-l-p

Early cuneiform sign ME

<< ME, MI; GE: n., function, office, responsibility; ideal norm; the phenomenal area of a deity’s power; divine decree, oracle; cult [ME archaic frequency: 363; concatenates 2 sign variants]. v., to be; the Sumerian copula; to say, tell. poss. suffix: our.>> Rom.:”zona fenomenală a puterii unei zeități

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/9781444338386.wbeah24140 Abstract <<The enigmatic Sumerian term M E designates a key concept in Sumerian religion and culture. It has often been translated as “divine ordinance,” “divine power,” or the like and is thought to denote the divine power inherent in any key aspect of human civilization>> Lb.Romana:<<Termenul enigmatic Sumerian M E desemnează un concept cheie în religia și cultura sumeriană. A fost adesea tradus ca „ordonanță divină”, „putere divină” sau altele asemenea și se crede că denotă puterea divină inerentă oricărui aspect cheie al civilizației umane

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Me_(mythology) In Sumerian mythology, a me (𒈨; SumerianmeAkkadian: paršu) is one of the decrees of the divine that is foundational to those social institutionsreligious practicestechnologies, behaviors, mores, and human conditions that make civilization, as the Sumerians understood it, possible. They are fundamental to the Sumerian understanding of the relationship between humanity and the gods. Lb.Romana: În mitologia sumeriană, un me (𒈨; sumerian: me; akkadian: paršu) este unul dintre decretele divinului care este fundamental pentru acele instituții sociale, practici religioase, tehnologii, comportamente, moravuri și condiții umane care fac civilizația, ca Sumerienii au înțeles-o, posibil. Ele sunt fundamentale pentru înțelegerea sumeriană a relației dintre umanitate și zei.

Din https://www.degruyter.com/view/journals/aofo/24/2/article-p211.xml

Cuneiform Basics – The Ishtar Gatewww.theishtargate.com › cuneiform-basicsThe Sumerians understood the cuneiform script to be a gift of the gods. … tablet; this was the first writing, protocuneiform, which was entirely pictographic. … The sign me 𒈨 stands for the gifts of civilisation being sent down by the gods from the .

Enki – Wikipediaen.wikipedia.org › wiki › Enki Enki was the keeper of the divine powers called Me, the gifts of civilization.

Kingship in the Early Mesopotamian Onomasticon … – DiVAwww.diva-portal.org › diva2:503415 › FULLTEXT01 PDFThousands of Sumerian and Old Akkadian personal names from 3rd millennium BCE Meso- … Another reading of the sign ME is išib, which denoted a priestly. Rom.:”un preot

Din Sumerian Business and Administrative Documents – JStorwww.jstor.org › stable The sign ME, meaning “priest,” should have the value i ib, and not ISIB

The Incantation Specialist in Mesopotamia (The … – enenuruenenuru.proboards.com › Mesopotamian Magic <<Another early functionary, the išib priest, was a high level cultic functionary within the Sumerian temple, as with the gudu4 priest, he was often depicted shaven and nude in the third millennium; see for example the depiction of UR-DUN, an išib priest from ED Lagaš (fig.1).9 In an Old Babylonian incantation recently published by A.R. George, Enki is said to have created the išib-priest, then the god washed the seat, standing place and jars of this priest with rain water from the sky; the texts further explain that this water is the water for cleaning the houses of the gods (thus lustration and holy water, particular in the practice of the išib, is given an etiology). According to J.A. Westenholz, the išib occupied a high office in the ecclesiastical hierarchy, in some places the highest, being responsible for such important rites as the ka-duḫ-ḫa ‘the opening of the mouth’ ceremony, which enlivened the divine statue. The activities of this priest clearly involved cultic lustration and purification rites as well, and išib is often simply translated “purification priest” or “lustration priest” in the literature.10 The prestige of this position is apparent by the fact that the titles išib(-an-na) ‘išib (of the heavens) and išib-an-ki-a (išib of heaven and earth) were used by 3rd and 2nd millennium kings (respectively). The išib, to, is a potential forerunner of the āšipu. In the Temple Hymns of Enḫe-duanna, the city Murum, belonging to the incantation goddess Ningirima, is praised: “O city, founded upon a dais in the abzu, established for the rites of išib priests, house where incantations of heaven and earth are recited…” In terms of the modern understanding the word išib, the values given in MSL 14 223 are reflected in the Pennsylvania Sumerian dictionary (ePSD) entry for išib, which lists “sorcerer; exorcist; (to be) pure; a purification priest; incantation” as possible values, with Akkadian equivalences “ellu; išippu; pašīšu; ramku; āšipu; šiptu.” In fact, there is discussion among scholars as to whether the Sumerian word išib may have its ultimate origin in the Akkadian verb (w)ašāpum “to exorcise,” a verb which derives from the noun āšipu. While these explanations have reached general agreement among scholars, it is held to be problematic since (w)ašapum itself is rarely attested before the Middle Babylonian period.>>

Lb.Romana << Un alt funcționar timpuriu, preotul išib, a fost un funcționar cultic de nivel înalt în templul sumerian, la fel ca și cu preotul gudu4, el a fost adesea descris bărbierit și nud în mileniul al treilea; vezi, de exemplu, descrierea lui UR-DUN, un preot išib din ED Lagaš (fig.1) .9 Într-o incantație babiloniană veche publicată recent de A.R. George, se spune că Enki a creat preotul išib, apoi zeul a spălat scaunul, locul de stat in picioare și borcanele acestui preot cu apă de ploaie din cer; textele explică în continuare faptul că această apă este apa pentru curățarea caselor zeilor (astfel lustrația și apa sfințită, în special în practica išib, au o etiologie). Potrivit lui J.A. Westenholz, išib a ocupat un înalt serviciu în ierarhia ecleziastică, în unele locuri cel mai înalt, fiind responsabil de rituri atât de importante precum ceremonia ka-duḫ-ḫa „deschiderea gurii”, care a însuflețit statuia divină. Activitățile acestui preot au implicat în mod clar ritualuri de lustrare și purificare cultă, iar išib este adesea tradus pur și simplu „preot de purificare” sau „preot de lustrație” în literatură.Prestigiul acestei poziții este evident prin faptul că titlurile išib (-an-na) ‘išib (cerurilor) și išib-an-ki-a (išib cerului și pământului) au fost folosite de regii mileniului 3 și 2 (respectiv). Išib, to, este un potențial precursor al āšipu. În Imnurile Templului din Enḫe-duanna, orașul Murum, aparținând zeiței incantației Ningirima, este lăudat: „O cetate, întemeiată pe o targă în abzu, stabilită pentru riturile preoților išib, casă unde descântecele cerului și pământului sunt recitate … ”În ceea ce privește înțelegerea modernă a cuvântului išib, valorile date în MSL 14 223 sunt reflectate în intrarea din dicționarul Pennsylvania Sumerian (ePSD) pentru išib, care listează„ vrăjitor; exorcist; (a fi) pur; un preot de purificare; descântec ”ca valori posibile, cu echivalențe akkadiene„ el; išippu; pašīšu; ramku; āšipu; šiptu. ” De fapt, se discută între cercetători dacă cuvântul sumerian išib poate avea originea sa finală în verbul akkadian (w) ašāpum „a exorciza”, verb care derivă din substantivul āšipu. Deși aceste explicații au ajuns la un acord general în rândul cărturarilor, este considerat a fi problematic, deoarece (w) ašapum în sine este rar atestat înainte de perioada babiloniană mijlocie. >>

Enki – Wikipediaen.wikipedia.org › wiki › Enki Enki (Sumerian: 𒀭𒂗𒆠) is the Sumerian god of water, knowledge (gestú), mischief, crafts … Enki was the keeper of the divine powers called Me, the gifts of civilization.

URUDU:

https://www.sumerian.org/prot-sum.htm VCVCV (e.g., urudu, ‘copper‘ = ùru, ‘luminous object‘ + dù, ‘to mould, cast‘); Rom.:”cupru” “a mula,turna un obiect luminos” ZATU 780, 781 :

Din http://indusscriptmore.blogspot.com/2011/08/problematic-13-stroke-signs-in-indus.html

Proto-cuneiform sign ZATU 781, of unknown meaning.

<<Proto-cuneiform provides a very close parallel with the unfortunately undefinable ZATU 781.  This, too, includes a thin, tall rectangle with stripes, as well as a shorter segment attached.  The shorter portion attaches at right angles in proto-cuneiform, though, whereas the analogous element of the Indus sign attaches at an oblique angle.>> =============================================== 2. Semne sumeriene proto-cuneiforme 3.500-3.000 IEN.

Din  From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns Semnul sumerian MA2

The Proto-Sumerian Language Invention Process John A. Halloran https://www.sumerian.org/prot-sum.htm : to bind. “a lega

Din https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%81?fbclid=IwAR3zYrT4lwBgKfsWvN_zXasr8qLJ2XNMR6kWWUHUpBtY_96-9CImmsGz9-4 The cuneiform sign , the Sumerogram (capital letter (majuscule)) is the sign for English language ship”, or “boat”Akkadian language eleppu.[1] When written in cuneiform texts,  is preceded by the determinative for items made of wood, namely GIŠ, (GIŠ (wood Sumerogram). For ship, or boat it is written as: GIŠ.MÁ,  Rom.:”nava,barca

MAGUR2

Din books.google.ro › books Rezultate de pe web History of Linguistics Volume I: The Eastern Traditions of Linguistics Giulio C. Lepschy — 2014 · Language Arts & Disciplines << from a list of boats and their parts (series HARra, tablet IV): Sumerian Akkadian … ‘boat’ (263) = giš.mágur 8 = makurru ‘“magur” boat‘ >> Rom.:”barca

Din www.degruyter.com › title Alfonso Archi Ebla and Its Archives – De Gruyter R. K. Englund, and J.-P. Grégoire, The Proto- Cuneiform Texts from Jemdet. Nasr. … G.2268, in which “deep-going boats”, má-gur8,

Din The Rock Engravings of Gobustan https://donsmaps.com/gobustan.html?fbclid=IwAR305NBtfRzz4doafHj8Ad92mEgcHJJuSzB_UZrmi3kdlwS8YtCyKyRnBqY

Boats petroglyph at Gobustan
Neolithic or Bronze Age (5600-3500 BP).
bejuk lower terrace stone1a boat
Beyukdash – boats on the lower Terrace, Stone 8. this image joins on to the one above at its right.

Egyptian hieroglyph KA https://discoveringegypt.com/egyptian-hieroglyphic-writing/egyptian-hieroglyphic-alphabet/

Egyptian Hieroglyphic Alphabet

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egyptian_conception_of_the_soul The ancient Egyptians believed that a soul (kꜣ/bꜣEgypt. pron. ka/ba) was made up of many parts.

www.pinterest.com › pin Rezultate de pe web Ancient Egyptian boat | Ancient egypt, Egypt, Ancient … – Pinterest Ancient Egypt, Ancient History, Art History, … An Egyptian style magur boat, what Hugh Nibley proposed could be the style for Noah’s boat…

Imaginile, din ANCIENT EGYPT BOAT Ship Building Nile Barge Navy Fishing Ports Yards Khufu Giza https://picclick.de/Ancient-Egypt-Boat-Ship-Building-Nile-Barge-Navy-382506989533.html

ANCIENT EGYPT BOAT Ship Building Nile Barge Navy Fishing Ports Yards Khufu  Giza - EUR 28,80 | PicClick DE
Ancient Egypt Boat Ship Building Nile Barge Navy Fishing Ports Yards Khufu Giza

Din Khufu Ship at Cheops Boat Museum | Cairo | Egypt | AFAR https://www.afar.com/places/khufu-ship-at-cheops-boat-museum-nazlet-el-semman

Reconstruction of Khufu's Second Ship is Nearly Complete

Din Travel to EatKhufu Ship at the Giza Pyramids – Travel To Eat https://traveltoeat.com/khufu-ship-at-the-giza-pyramids/

Khufu Ship at the Giza Pyramids - Travel To Eat
Initial asa a pornit totul: Dupa ce am vazut hieroglifa egipteana KA, mi-am amintit ca am vazut un semn foarte apropiat ca forma printre semnele sumeriene proto-cuneiforme, acelea fiind Ma si Magur (nava,barca). Chiar si semnificatia semnului sumerian , a legat probabil ca este legatul stufului la confectionarea barcii.Dar evidenta este zdrobitoare cand vedem forma vaselor cu care egiptenii aveau convingerea ca dupa moarte sunt dusi nu tocmai ei, ci probabil numai sufletul, KA cu o barca de un barcagiu la soare.
Barca lui Keops: Misterul îngropat la baza Marii Piramide din Egipt https://incredibilia.ro/barca-lui-keops/ <<Barca era atât de bine proiectată, încât încă ar fi putut naviga, dacă ar fi fost lansată pe Nil. Cei mai mulți experți cred că ea a fost construită pentru Keops, probabil pentru a-l transporta în viața de apoi.Totuși, în cartea „Barca de sub Piramidă, Nancy Jenkins precizează că, la egipteni, folosirea bărcilor piriforme (cum este barca lui Keops) pare să se fi rezumat la evenimentele cu semnificație religioasă.„De exemplu, erau folosite ca bărci pentru pelerinaje, în special spre Abydos, centrul religios al cultului lui Osiris. Pe de altă parte, ambarcațiunile erau folosite drept bărci funerare, care transportau mumiile peste râu spre necropola de pe malul vestic”, scrie Jenkins.
Ancient Egyptian royal ships Din https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egyptian_royal_ships#:~:text=The%20full%2Dsized%20ships%20or,god%20Ra%20across%20the%20heavens. <<The history and function of the ships are not precisely known. They might be of the type known as asolar barge“, a ritual vessel to carry the resurrected king with the sun god Ra across the heavens. However, some ships bear signs of being used in water, and it is possible that these ships were funerary barges >>

Nota. Altfel ca sa scrii barca cu hieroglife egiptene: https://linearbknossosmycenae.com/2018/09/20/egyptian-hieroglyphics-for-boat-dpt/?fbclid=IwAR3g5STMMVgn0I1KZDc98X_y8_eaCFQpEHtLcgqyQ-eDJ8G3cwunqqR0wMY

Egyptian hieroglyphics D P T = boat

Linear A http://people.ku.edu/~jyounger/LinearA/ *59 (TA), MA 4a; ZA 10b.6; HT 94a.2, Zd 156(?), WA 1267-78

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is 10633_059.jpg

3. ALTE SIMBOLURI…. Din  From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns Sumerian sign GUM

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is GUM~b@n.jpg

ZATU 750 :

Elementary Sumerian Glossary – bulgari-istoriabulgari-istoria-2010.com › Rechnici › Foxvog_Sumeria… PDF Elementary SumerianGlossary. (after M. Civil 1967). Daniel A Foxvog. Lecturer in …  “gum, kum (read naĝx/naĝa4 in some meanings) to crush, pulverize, smash “. Rom.:=”a zdrobi, pulveriza, sparge”

Sumerian Lexicon – Hometown Southhometownsouth.com › wp-content › uploads › 2020/06 The following lexicon contains 1,255 Sumerian logogram words and 2,511 … kum, gum: n., mortar (for grinding) Rom:”mojar

https://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/edition2/signlist.php GUM
Borger: KUM ETCSL values/Reading: gum, kum, naĝa 4 , qum

LANGUAGES OF IRAQ, ANCIENT AND MODERN – The …www.bisi.ac.uk › sites › bisi.localhost › files › language… <<… ‘participial’ forms of verbs (e.g., kum ‘hot‘ = ‘being hot, which is hot’>>

NU M-AS MIRA CA ACESTA SA FIE UN SIMBOL AL TAURULUI SI FORTEI SALE ZDRIBITOARE…CU URMAS MONUMENTUL DE LA KNOSSOS

Din https://twitter.com/tzoumio/status/999308184065101825

Ioannis Tz on Twitter: "Minoan horns of Concecration.Palace of Knossos,Crete,Greece.…  "
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horns_ of_Consecration „Coarnele Consacrării” este o expresie inventată de Sir Arthur Evans [1] pentru a descrie simbolul, omniprezent în civilizația minoică, care reprezintă coarnele taurului sacru: Sir Arthur Evans a concluzionat, după ce a notat numeroase exemple în contextele minoice și miceniene, că Coarnele Consacrării erau „un articol mai mult sau mai puțin convenționalizat de articol ritualic derivat din coarnele proprii ale boilor de sacrificiu” . Mult-fotografiatele coarne ale consacrării din calcar poros din Propileia de Est de la Knossos (ilustrare, dreapta) sunt restaurări, dar coarnele consacrării în piatră sau lut au fost așezate pe acoperișurile clădirilor din Creta neopalatică sau pe morminte sau altare, probabil ca semne de sfințenie a structurii. Simbolul apare și pe sigiliile de piatra minoice, însoțite adesea de axe duble și bucranie, care fac parte din iconografia sacrificiului taur minoic. Coarnele sfințirii se numără printre imaginile cultice pictate pe sicriele minoice numite larnakes, uneori izolate; pot avea flori între coarne sau labrys. (DEX Consacrare:”2 Dăruire. 3 Dedicare. 4 Consfințire. 5 Sfințire. )

Eu am rezerve privind denumirea data monumentului de Arthur Evans :”Coarnele consecrarii”, dupa ce am vazut forma semnului sumerian proto-cuneiform GUM.Posibil are o semnificatie mai complexa si usor si de alta natura.

—————————————- 4. Alt semn, Din   https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns Sumerian GESZTU

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is GESZTU~b.jpg
This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is GESZTU~a.jpg

(karsu?), 1 q:i – Journal des Médecines Cunéiformesmedecinescuneiformes.fr › lib › request › request.dl.php PDF9 i’ 10′ and in the Ebla bilingual vocabulary MEE 4 264, 266a-d, …  <<Sumerians held that gestU « ear » was the seat of intelligence>>Sumerienii susțineau că gestU «urechea» era sediul inteligenței

Sumer, Akkad and Yamato Kotoba by michel leygues – issuuissuu.com › docs › yamato_kotoba_english_version Akkadian god Sin is sumerian god Nannar, of vegetation and fertility, a deity … Shin is also to be compared with Akkadian terms: .simtu : will, law, … listen, obey; GESTU: listening, obedience, condition for success or wisdom. >> Rom:”ascultare, ascultare, condiție pentru succes sau înțelepciune

September 2017 – Ullaganardrkloganathan.blogspot.com › 2017/09 <<I believe Agastya is derived from SumeroTamil ‘gestu‘ meaning wisdom>>Rom.:”intelepciune

http://enenuru.net/visuals/balag/uri3/InanaRingposts.jpg Scene from the top of the Uruk Vase: Inana infront of the Ringposts at the entrance to E-anna

Din https://wwsa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2F http://www.ancient.eu%2Fimage%2F10591%2Foffering-to-inanna-warka-vase-top-register%2F&psig=AOvVaw3LGlqR1JWCT6wgFYcSzl8e&ust=1611609105865000&source=images&cd=vfe&ved=0CA0QjhxqFwoTCIDJxvm9te4CFQAAAAAdAAAAABAD

Offering to Inanna, Warka Vase [Top Register] (Illustration) - Ancient  History Encyclopedia
Scene from the top of the Uruk Vase: Inana infront of the Ringposts at the entrance to E-anna

https://enenuru.proboards.com/thread/193/exploring-archaic-standards-emblems-symbols?page=2 Inanna ringpost “postament, standard cu inel”

5. ALTE SIMBOLURI….

Din Possible connection between the cultures of Ancient Sumer and Minoan Crete https://mmtaylor.net/Holiday2000/Legends/Sumer-Crete.html

Part of a Sumerian seal from about 2000 BC. Rohl ,1998 inteprets the bull-man as Gilgamesh (Rohl,p170), but the bull-man image goes back to much earlier times.

MYTHS OF BABYLONIA AND ASSYRIA https://www.gutenberg.org/files/16653/16653-h/16653-h.htm

MYTHS OF BABYLONIA AND ASSYRIA
Figure V.4. Gilgamesh in conflict with bulls 

Linear A http://people.ku.edu/~jyounger/LinearA/ *59 (TA), MA 4a; ZA 10b.6; HT 94a.2, Zd 156(?), WA 1267-78


6. SIMBOLUL “GEANTA DE MANA” https://www.wikiwand.com/en/G%C3%B6bekli_Tepe

Göbekli Tepe - Wikiwand

The mystery handbag of the Gods: Depicted in Sumer, America, and Göbekli Tepe https://www.bizsiziz.com/the-mystery-handbag-of-the-gods-depicted-in-sumer-america-and-gobekli-tepe/

The mystery handbag of the Gods: Depicted in Sumer, America, and Göbekli  Tepe Bizsiziz
From left >>to right: Gobekli Tepe- Sumer-America. If we travel to Tula—an important regional center which reached its height as the capital of the Toltec Empire between the fall of Teotihuacan and the rise of Tenochtitlan—we will find their massive ‘Atlantean’ statues, and if we observe closer, we will notice that once again the mysterious handbag is present.

Acum probabil veti intreba, de ce ma leg de niste semne sumeriene care oricum au aparut mult mai tarziu ? Raspuns: – Pentru ca nu am la indemana alte elemente si certitudini la fel de vechi, sau inca si mai vechi si pentru faptul ca: – cultura, religia si semnele sumeriene deocamdata sunt cele mai vechi din lume si provin sau au legatura cu alte civilizatii care le-au precedat. – pentru faptul ca atat la Gobekli Tepe cat si in Sumer am gasit o pictograma/semn identica.Este vorba de acea gentuta de mana, cosulet, caseta. Din https://enenuru.proboards.com/thread/361/deities-ancient-mesopotamia-overview?page=1

16.“fish-garbed figure” (human-bodied figure in a fish-skin),
Kassite – Selekuid,
apkallu “sage” (in fish-guise)

https://www.crystalinks.com/Anunnaki.html

=================================

7. Din Guarded by beasts: a porthole stone from Göbekli Tepe 20. MARCH 2017 / OLIVER DIETRIC https://www.dainst.blog/the-tepe-telegrams/tag/iconography/

Göbekli Tepe. A monumental porthole stone from the northwestern hilltop areas (Photo O. Dietrich).

Aceasta piatra de hublou, pare sa demonstreze ca acest simbol pe care-l infatiseaza prin forma sa, este cu mult mai vechi decat momentul cand a aparut ca ideograma la sumerieni. https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html Semnul KU~a

Semnul KU~a@t

Semnul GA2~a1

Semnul NIGIN

Semnul de la Gobekli Tepe fiind simetric, fac legatura cu semnul KU si NIGIN

Din Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian Language Pagewww.sumerian.org › sumerian <<The Sumerian lexicon has benefitted from several classes at UCLA with … ku: to base, found, build; to lie down (reduplication class) [KU archaic .>> Lb.Rom.:”a baza, a găsit, a construi; a te intinde pe jos” ……. a baza si a construi au sens cand avem de-a face cu un complex monumental (TEMPLU) religios.

Din Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian Language Pagewww.sumerian.org › sumerian <<The Sumerian lexicon has benefitted from several classes at UCLA with … n., enclosure, circle; capacity; whole (cf., kilib and gur4-gur4) [NIGIN .>> Rom,:”incinta, cerc; capacitate; întreg ” …. dar si incinta, cerc au foarte mult sens in acest caz intrucat s-a demonstrat ca a existat un zid imprejmuitor (asa, ca/de exemplu) ==================

8. Semnul “H”

Din http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull

Wayne Herschel - Author - The Hidden Records - discovered 35 ancient star  map cases around the world showing human origins from one of three sun  stars near the Pleiades

Din https://www.dainst.blog/the-tepe-telegrams/tag/iconography/

iconography – Tepe Telegrams

Din http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread1088190/pg1 In a series of articles to be found here there has been speculation that the ‘H’ motif found at Gobekli Tepe relates to the cult of the Divine Twins, the primary evidence for which is an actual excavated depiction of two figures forming the ‘H’ through the mutual extension of their arms

The Twins of 'H' Block, page 1

At first sight, the holowwed circle is sun and the sicle is moon. Din https://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/gobekli-tepe-pillar-18.jpg

Pillar 18  - Gobekli Tepe
Figure 6. Pillar 18 wears a belt emblazoned with the ‘H’. Credit: Alistair Coombs

From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns/PA~a.jpg Semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform PA (atentie, pare ca al 2-lea semn de jos il avem in ultima poza si al treilea in prima poza!)

pàd, pà: to show, reveal; to choose, call; to seek; to find; to declare; to swear, take an oath; to choose
out of (with ablative prefix) (pà-dè in sing. marû; pà-pà-dè in plural marû) (sprout, branch + to
go out; cp., pa…éd, ‘to show; to make appear’; cf., ér…pàd) [PA3 archaic frequency: 30]. Lb.Rom.:”a arăta, a dezvălui; a alege, suna; a cauta; a găsi; a declara; a înjura, depune jurământ; a alege
din”

https://www.gutenberg.org/files/48094/48094-h/48094-h.htm The sign is compounded from PA and LU and means “staff-bearer”, since PA signifies “staff” and LU means “hold”, “seize”. The use of the sign is confined almost entirely to the idea of shepherd of animals and then figuratively to that of governor of men. Lb.Rom. staff:”personal, angajat, muncitor

Sumerian Cuneiform English Dictionary 12013CT – bulgari …www.bulgari-istoria-2010.com › Rechnici › Sumerian_Cu…PDFMay 5, 2000 — eBook Description. The niftiest ‘Sumerian Cuneiform English Dictionary‘ in the university world: … sipad (sipa) [2463x] = shepherd [1227A PA overseer

Sumerian Hymns from Cuneiform Texts in the British Museum …www.gutenberg.org › files MSL:Materials for a Sumerian Lexicon, by John Dyneley Prince. … The sign is compounded from PA and LU and means “staff-bearer”, since PA signifies “staff” … “personal”,

Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans – CLAS Usersusers.clas.ufl.edu › drjdg › Instead of Indo-. Hittite, many scholars still prefer Proto-Indo-European (PIE) as the name of the earliest … *pah2-s-: Hitt. pa – ‘protect’, Lat. pstor ‘shepherd’ PASTOR

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pa_(cuneiform) The cuneiform pa sign, (as SumerogramPA), has many uses in both the 14th century BC Amarna letters and the Epic of Gilgamesh. It is routinely and commonly used to spell the Akkadian language word “pānu”,[1] face, presence, Lb.Rom.:”față, prezență”

?? fata lunii si soarelui ?? Ghici ghicitoarea mea: LA O POPULATIE DE culegatori-VANATORI, 1. ce constelatie este cea mai vizibila si mare dintre toate? 2. Ce este Orion, nu un vanator cu arcul cumva ? 3.Cu ce personaj(e) a fost asimilat Orion in n civilizatii ?

The Orion Constellation | Pictures, Brightest Stars, and How to Find It
https://astrobackyard.com/orion-constellation/ https://astrobackyard.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/orion-the-hunter.jpg

https://www.constellation-guide.com/constellation-list/orion-constellation/ <<The constellation Orion has its origins in Sumerian mythology, specifically in the myth of Gilgamesh. Sumerians associated it with the story of their hero fighting the bull of heaven, represented by Taurus. They called Orion URU AN-NA, meaning “the light of heaven.” Their name for the constellation Taurus was GUD AN-NA, or “the bull of heaven.” >> Lb.Rom.:” Constelația Orion își are originile în mitologia sumeriană, în special în mitul lui Gilgamesh. Sumerienii l-au asociat cu povestea eroului lor luptând cu taurul cerului, reprezentat de Taur. L-au numit pe Orion URU AN-NA, adică „lumina cerului”. Numele lor pentru constelația Taur era GUD AN-NA, sau „taurul cerului”.

In studiile mele anterioare am facut referire la apropierea intre un alt semn ( GA2), cu constelatia Orion. Dar am gasit aici apropierea cu semnul nostru: ai vizibila si mare dintre toate?http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull

Si aici: http://www.astro.umass.edu/~arny/constel/constel_tutmod.html

Using a Star Chart

Si aici: An Orion Correlation? https://www.andrewcollins.com/page/articles/Gobekli.htm

Among the southern star groups and constellations looked at by Hale were the Hyades, Taurus, the Pleiades and Orion (more specifically its three “belt” stars), all of which have been put forward as matching the orientations of the twin pillars in the various enclosures at Göbekli Tepe during the epoch of their construction, c. 10,000- 9000 BC (see, for instance, Dr Robert Schoch’s latest book Forgotten Civilization, 2012). Out of these, just one potential candidate emerged as perhaps playing some role at Göbekli Tepe, and this was Orion, the celestial hunter.

Gobekli Tepe's Cosmic Blueprint Revealed

Lb.Romana:”Printre grupurile de stele sudice și constelațiile privite de Hale s-au numărat Hiadele, Taurul, Pleiadele și Orionul (mai precis cele trei stele ale „centurii” sale), toate acestea fiind prezentate ca potrivindu-se orientărilor celor doi stâlpi din diversele incinte la Göbekli Tepe în timpul construcției lor, c. 10.000-9000 î.Hr. (a se vedea, de exemplu, cea mai recentă carte a doctorului Robert Schoch Forgotten Civilization, 2012). Dintre acestea, doar un potențial candidat a apărut ca jucând probabil un rol la Göbekli Tepe și acesta a fost Orion, vânătorul celest.”

9. Din https://twitter.com/archaicanimals/status/993449615386202112

Archaic Animals on Twitter: "It's #MysteryMonday What animal is this? Who  is he? He's definitely a he, if you look closely. From Gobekli Tepe, in SE  Turkey, around 10,000 years ago.… https://t.co/1y8T2TB8QH"

Din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html semnul sumerian proto-cuneifotm ZATU703

10. Semn necunoscut, Soare ? Din https://ro.pinterest.com/pin/400609329342292393/

Göbekli Tepe | Göbekli tepe, Goddess symbols, Ancient civilizations

Sau din https://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-asia/g-bekli-tepe-great-year-001667 https://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/gobekli-tepe-markings-sun.jpg

Gobekli Tepe Markings

Din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns/%7CLAGAB~axLAGAB~a%7C.jpg Semnul Proto-cuneiform LAGABxLAGAB

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is %7CLAGAB~axLAGAB~a%7C.jpg

========================================= 11. Pasare, imagine Goekli Tepe, din Gobekli Tepe Image, from CULT AS A DRIVING FORCE OF HUMAN HISTORY A View from Göbekli Tepe https://www.penn.museum/sites/expedition/cult-as-a-driving-force-of-human-history/

Expedition Magazine - Penn Museum

Din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html Semnul Proto-cuneiform NAM~b

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is NAM~b.jpg

============================================== 12. Gobekli Tepe, ANIMAL PATRUPED https://nationalpost.com/news/world/what-does-the-fox-say-ancient-temple-carvings-hint-at-a-massive-meteor-strike-13000-years-ago

What does the fox say?' Ancient temple carvings hint at a massive meteor  strike 13,000 years ago | National Post

Din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html Semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform ZATU 703

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is ZATU703.jpg

====================== 13. Din https://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-asia/g-bekli-tepe-great-year-001667

bucranium on pillar - Gobekli Tepe
Figure 9. The bucranium on pillar 31. Credit: Alistair Coombs

Din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html semnul sumerian proto-cuneiform AB2

14. Simbolul semiluna. Din SZU~2.URI~3 (in interior este URI~3)

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is %7CSZU2.URI3~a%7C.jpg

The Seven Sleepers and Ancient Constellation Traditions—a …www.jstor.org › stableand star-name research: backward to the Sumerian 3rd millennium BC, and … including many original texts and an Arabic-German glossary (Prochâzka 2002a). … Sumerian roots as well: the star is called “Su-pa” in Mesopotamian astronomy

http://members.westnet.com.au/gary-david-thompson/page9r.html supa ziqpu 1 alfa Boot.

Markham J. Geller Melothesia in Babylonia – OAPENlibrary.oapen.org › bitstream PDFReiner 1970 = E. Reiner, Šurpu, a Collection of Sumerian and Akkadian Incantations … , listing fixed ziqpu (fixed) stars.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arcturus#:~:text=Arcturus%2C%20designation%20%CE%B1%20Bo%C3%B6tis%20(Latinized,in%20the%20northern%20celestial%20hemisphere. Arcturus, designation α Boötis (Latinized to Alpha Boötis, abbreviated Alpha Boo, α Boo), is the brightest star in the constellation of Boötes, the fourth-brightest in the night sky, and the brightest in the northern celestial hemisphere. Picture, By Till Credner – Own work: AlltheSky.com, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20041067

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is BootesCC.jpg

https://stardate.org/astro-guide/bo%C3%B6tes-herdsman-0 The name Boötes comes from a Sumerian word that means “Man Who Drove the Great Cart.” The “Great Cart” was the Big Dipper. Boötes trails the Big Dipper as it wheels around the North Star.

Boötes, the Herdsman | StarDate Online

http://members.westnet.com.au/gary-david-thompson/page9r.html SHU.PA :”Boötes” ; SHUDUN = niru”The Yoke”; Boötes

https://vasconica.dreamwidth.org/55164.html paszu, [AX] ; szu, [BASKET]