The circle, the cycle closes: from Göbekli Tepe to the present day


How was the problem 11,600 years ago From Sumerian Me, memes, neurolinguistics and information warfare April 22, 2007 by assuefazione https://assuefazione.wordpress.com/2007/04/22/sumerian-me-memes-and-neurolinguistics/?fbclid=IwAR0XLJVQcQxthLkfSMkGvAbfcEY9B_vnMKxYBYhYWWdHEGJu-Mhm6FhfH4g

enki.jpg

Another thing is that we can not use nomenclature and frames of our time and neither of the later lawful age we know.
The megalith monuments beginning with dolmens and moon wheels already in 5th millennium and followed by passage graves in 4th millennium they surely manifest “The Naked Moon Goddess going beneath“. The idol symbolised the fertility of rain and the myths about this is simply animating and analysing the process in Underworld that is resurrection of the corn/ plants.
Later with city culture the practical meaning of the myth faded away in pace with people/ temples loosing the contact with agriculture. For long it was like in medieval times when most people had their farming besides the profession. But in town the human relation become the agenda … quarrel at the washing place. Former specialised idols got married and got family tree as real persons and their relations make patterns the society needs. The upper class know the myths and they dress and behave like the idols and the reset of the people is supposed to follow …and they follow … I never followed Elvis since I sing too loudly.
We can call it Archaic Age when the Sumerian literature tells about Enki, “the first on Earth” and Mothers of Invention and especially Ninhursag “gave things name” and Nimah “tried out the use”. Enki is the creator and there are some poems telling the World Order and the practical thing humankind needed in society. It was a process of nearly natural kind and the poems seem to be from the second half of 3rd millennium. There is some metaphors and logic that is not so clear for us. As usually intercourse was the normal method of inventing things and that metaphor is still living. There were more “sisters” and we see that woman was the other part creation
We need the poetry to compress what they saw as early history of mankind. The Sumerians were specialists in written myths even the child could understand. The Me were only words but the rituals and songs gave the explanations and model for life during the Ritual Ages and a bit later.
Surely the woman status corresponded to that if we can believe in written words. There are signs that the women in Elam/ Persia were owners of the homes. In 4th millennium Susa was maybe the dominating part of the area in southern Mesopotamia between the Zagros Mountains and the desert in west. They 
traded with Egypt at that time. At least we have the best archaeology from Susa but only several hundred years before Eridu, Ur and Uruk. So I am simplifying in connecting Elam to Sumer but they were much alike as far as we know yet.
Depending on the digging activity the literature of the city-states Eridu and Uruk dominates. Inanna of Uruk became the dominating female idol used also in northern Mesopotamia, but observe that Ishtar is not quite the same in Babylon. The use was slightly diverging in time. In parallel and time we see the idol on Scandinavian rock-carvings. Inanna is often mentioned together with her sister Ereshkigal that has some separate myths.
Their heavenly incarnations were the New Moon and Venus with the rosette and a star as symbols. That counts for Sumerian times until Babylonians around 1700 BC. Babylonian Ishtar should be compared with Ereshkigal/ Venus and she was the Lady of War. Variants of these such as Astarte were also worshipped in the Levant and some temples were founded in Egypt too. The male dominance increased in time and reached its height in the Assyrian period in middle last millennium BC.
The Me belongs to the Inanna myth since she “stole” them from Enki in Eridu according to the myth. Neither gods nor human are allowed to steal (or rape) and that is why the writer of the myth dramatises the story. Now it is better to remember that the story is myth and fiction and that deities do not do things.
Somehow the Elders’ Council in the town Uruk got the Order of Society from Eridu and build the temple of Inanna as symbol act and ritual monument…. See the 
Inanna lured the boys. We have to keep in memory that she was fertility of rain and water as well as idol/ role model for the town. It is a very clever myth merging all the motifs needed to get things done.
Since the town of Uruk worshipped the female idol the status of women were high. From the myths we learn that gods/ role models were punished for rape. To get something from Underworld a pledge was needed such as Inanna’s sister Ereshkigal in some myths and Dumuzi in others to keep the balance.
The Me is just a collection of words that are like a law “for Heaven and Earth”. Heaven was the abstract ideas and role models and on Earth humankind carried out the reel deeds as legs/ tools of the idols. We have to know Sumerian society to explain the meaning and use of the Me. They are written in the pure Ritual Age when the rules of living were attached to the idol/ role models. Some of the ideas we understand and others not. In Mesopotamia there were several moon gods by name but by function much the same. They are generally judge among the gods and that follows surely from the first time law was lead by the moon during season. ………………………………..In most ancient cultures the ritual was lead for daily life. The priesthood was more important than kingship = Lugal = Big Man and that means the worldly leader. Staff for the shepherd and rod and line used to measure fields … until our days. Doing the hair when the priestess prepare for tempting boys to work. They were clever those old Sumerians!
I am not so sure that we should use the word “prostitute” and would replace it with “God’s sister” or worldly “stand in” for Inanna in temples and practical rituals. Observe that rape and intercourse outside marriage was not allowed. Ritual intercourse was for the priesthood and maybe for the upper class. Science have to define that better.
Behind all these Me there were unwritten rules of practice. Obviously, the Sumerian way is based on doing what is right and good — as opposed to what is allowed by law and/or society. They lived in the name of the goddess and it was natural to obey the rules of the good/ god society. In a way it seems blue-eyed to us since this kind of law trusts in kindness of humankind. As we see from the list of Me the Sumerians were aware of the weaknesses of mankind and that there are destructive forces in life. I suggest they thought that positive attitude should balance out and prevent the destructive forces.
Some music instruments gusilim, lilis, ub, mesi and ala are Sumerian names mentioned as Me. They were symbolising important things in the ritual that led the people in pace with moon and agriculture. That means spring festival and harvest feast. Most important was the spring and sowing ritual, but there seem to have been monthly rituals to keep people on line so to speak. They were hyper rational and used the sowing ritual in the beginning also at funeral since they thought of resurrection. That was behind the grave rituals in Egypt and in periods in other cultures.
Below we look at the woman’s place by law. We have to read the Inanna’s myths and all the love songs if we want to understand Sumerian women. Naturally these songs from late Sumerian times are written by the upper class. However Sumerians were thinkers and deep feeling people so the literature reflects the mind of the Sumerian woman. At the same time it is tied to nature and fertility of going beneath and resurrects by growing. That means also that the hulls dies in Underworld and we throwaway much and keep the seed. It become painful once we animate the process with humanlike idols.
Sumerians knew the double aspect of life with building forces as well as destructive forces. It starts when we eat and transform killed food to energy. We see the same in Nordic symbolism of first millennium AD as entwined serpents. Life has day and night, summer and winter and we can not think anything away. The Hebrew – Christian analysis have the impossible dream of denying one half of life.

Sumerian laws
The Moon or Time Law was the ritual law and “crime” against that was some thing for the priesthood. Upon the earth, the king holds responsibility for the law; he is the chief justice, the final court of appeal, and where necessary, the lawgiver. The kings is later development and before that maybe the Elders’ Court were judges in worldly things
Like in early medieval laws the codes were “domas” /case-judgement given when problem rises and kept in memory by the local court or law-reader.
There was no universal term for law in the Ancient Orient. Sumerian “Di” or Akkadian “Dinu” designates the legal case, the legal decision and the process itself. Nì-si-sá = misaru refers to justice as the highest good, which is supplemented by nì-gin-na = kittu “constancy”, “integrity”. All of the gods were responsible for the protection of law and justice. The sun god Utu/Shamash was preeminent in this regard. In the strict sense, there is no merely secular law, but only religious law, so that the decisions pertaining to trade may have carried far less weight than more central legal tenets.We have two cases of “highest judge”. The Sun because the court were in pace with timetable of sun, i.e. quarters of the year. In Scandinavian we have also the trisected moon year that gave three terms of court of different character. The autumn court have for many thousand years been the “law court”
Society is a matter of ongoing process up to the development of labour and industry and the growth of population. All cultures in history follow mostly the same pattern of growth and bureaucracy. Laws are not invented out of head but they are founded from common practice with the aim to keep everything going in peace in society

<<Ok, the inspiration for this post stems from the cult classic Snow Crash (Stephenson, 1992), so most of you may have already encountered this stuff.
It goes like this, more or less:
The Sumerians developed a set of rules and regulations called me that encompassed every aspect of life, belief, technology, behaviour and human conditions. They were early code, memes codified for human perusal and to pass themselves on. It was an attempt to neurolinguistically program a whole population. They were of utmost social importance and every aspect of Sumerian social life was regulated by them. E.g. the baker was required to go to the temple (where the scripts, or whatever they were [Klein, 1997; Emelianov, 2003], were placed in the custody of the god Enki, inventor of civilization) and obtain a me (a meme, or more properly a set of memes) for bakery. That particular me included instruction on how, when, where to perform his craft.
Worship, state, sex, every aspect of Sumerian life were treated similarly.

The gods of their mythology waged wars in order to conquer and possess the most me, stealing them from each other. The god (king?) with the most me was then able to aggregate (we’re talking politically, but those guys weren’t for the separation of church and state) a larger number of Sumers under his or her aegis.

Inanna, owning 50 ME’s, reminds Ningirsu from Gudea Cylinders: she is a deity of war to whom her father Enlil gives 50 ME’s. It is curious that Inanna of the Old Sumerian texts has a sufficient number of ME’s to win and unite neighbouring countries. Such state of affairs contradicts sharply the data of later written hymns in which Inanna complains about the shortage of ME’s and even takes them from her father («Enki and the World Order», «Inanna and Enki»). Also we do not find here any mention of travels with ME’s or journeys for them. (Emelianov, 2003)

One could infer that me were the weapons of mass destructions of their age, when communication was practically inexistent and regression to a primitive life very easy, if the hinges of social life cracked.

Now, we can say that the Sumerians were a totally different culture from those of today (we’re talking about 3/4000 years BCE), that their social interactions were embryonic although rigidly codified, or we can say that nothing has really changed at all…

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From Göbekli Tepe Temple in Turkey Predates the Pyramids of Giza https://anthropology.net/2010/02/22/gobekli-tepe-temple-in-turkey-predates-the-pyramids-of-giza/

And compare the shape of sumerian proto-cuneiform sign ME, from https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns/ME~a.jpg

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is mea.jpg

But today, after 6,000 years, the situation is different, due to technological knowledge in particular the situation is dynamic and societies and peoples are rising or falling more or less quickly. And of course, it can be seen how toda the same y those who hold the monopoly of information have power. Not to mention the fierce competition, even the more or less invisible war between intelligence services around the world. In sumerian terms, me are the weapons of mass destructions of our age.

NOTE . Extremely interesting, the title is How was the problem 11,600 years ago From the Sumerian Me, memes, neurolinguistics and information warfare. Because it says “11,600 years ago”, the reference is obvious to Göbekli Tepe, but the author, nicknamed “assuefazione” real name Carlo Poiago does not know or not say that: – 11,600 years ago, those fellows from Göbekli Tepe were not Sumerians, ( I do not know what else could be, scientists call them “Proto Euphrateans“) – I only suspect that he realized that the shape in Tau of the stars is the Sumerian proto-cuneiform signME“, as associating 11,600 = Göbekli Tepe with the sign ME ( Tau-letter form) but at best does not made the connexen to say so (probably reasoning/given my explanation right above). – By the other part an Russian scientist, V.V. Yemelyanov, having extensive knowledge of sumerology, otherwise not being a sumerologist, (specialized in genetics and biotechnology), knows the form of this sign ME (true, newer version, cuneiform!, but not connect it to Göbekli Tepe):

From ON ТНЕ ORIGINAL МEANING OF SUМERIAN МЕ
(lmages of Weltanschauung and the Methods of Тheir Study/ Images of Worldview and the Methods of Тheir Study )V.V. Yemelyanov (lmages of Weltanschauung and the Methods of Тl1eir Study) r i а n t … vdi.igh.ru › system › articles › pdfs › original PDF <<The article discusses the problem of translating and interpreting Sumerian МЕ Ьу means of the Old
Babylonian cuneiform vocabularies and the Neo-Sumerian Gudea texts. The main supposition is that the
word was derived from the verb МЕ «to bе apparent, visble» and its original meaning was «will to live».
The author understands МЕ as the first stage of the life-process: transition of а subject from the inner
world to the outer space (as one can conclude from the cuneiform sign МE «tongue put out of mouth»).
This is why МЕ’s are so important in the New Year period of Sumero-Babylonian calender texts.>>

So, as far as I know, so far I am the only one who stated strongly that the shape (Tau-letter) of the stelae from Göbekli Tepe is really the complex symbol synthetic, in essence of life, later known by sumerians as “ME”. This symbol and icon at the same time, has been known and used for a long time by the civilizations that preceded Sumer

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