Sanse mari, mari de a fi dat de capat tablitelor de la Tartaria.

May 16, 2019

In delungul timpului, foarte multi cercetatori s-au aplecat asupra acestor tablite de la Tartaria. Am observat ca a fi arheolog nu include neaparat specializarea in semiologie si epigrafie. Din pacate nici inalta calificare in scrieri vechi si proto-scriere nu constituie o garantie totala pentru clarificarea si obtinerea unui verdict final.                      Cu toate acestea, aceasta din urma au reusit cea mai mare apropiere de natura intrinseca a inscrisurilor.                                                                                                                   Practic, fiecare din acestia au extras cate un set propriu de  concluzii preliminare. ADUNATE, ACESTE CONCLUZII PARTIALE FORMEAZA UN TOT CARE SE SUPRAPUNE QUASI-INTEGRAL PESTE CONCLUZIILE MELE.                                                                               La concluziile dansilor le-am adaugat pe ale mele; cu * am marcat concluziile care-mi apartin exclusiv:                                                                                                                                      – Tablitele reflecta semne care au fost folosite la mare departare in timp                            – Prezinta similaritati cu scrierea proto-cuneiforma sumeriana                                            – Cu toate aceste nu este scriere sumeriana proto-cuneiforma nativa/propriu-zisa        – Semnele ca un ansamblu nu apartin complet niciunui sistem de scriere concret   *     – Am putut prezenta cele mai multe abordari a diferitor sisteme de scriere.                In multe cazuri posibil am depasit intrucatva nivelul atins de alti cercetatori.             In plus am articole cu caracter critic si corectiv al acestora.*                                                  – Semnele per total, sant mai degraba o “colectie de semne” In plus, anafara practicii uzuale a scrisului, avem categorii diferite de scriere, pictografica visa ideografica si chiar alfabetica *                                                                                                                                              – Aceasta colectie provine din ariile si scrierile sumeriana, Anatoliana si Egeeana (Lin.A,B)*                                                                                                                                                   – “Scribul”/”scriitorul” avea vagi cunostinte de scriere                                                                – Semnele din jumatatea de sus ies in evidenta prin asemanarea lor izbitoare cu litere     – Se poate face o legatura intre intentia vadita de ascunderea a acestora si constituirea lor intr-un scris adevarat                                                                                                                         – Aceste semne din jumatatea de sus a tablitei rotunde se regasesc ca litere in faza initiala a scrisului alfabetic in aria Egeeana (Ciclade,Chalkis. Creta, cu difuzie si prezenta in pen. Italica) *                                                                                                                         – “scriitorul” putea apartine oricarei perioada cuprinse intre 2.500 B.C. si zilele noastre, cu sanse cu atat mai mari cu cat ne apropiem de prezent*                                                     – Explicatia faptului ca atat de multe semne se regasesc in atatea sisteme de scriere rezida in faptul ca exista un filum, filiatie pornind de la semnele proto-cuneiforme sumeriene pana la alfabetele de azi*                                                                                              – In final nu-mi pot explica absolut deloc, cine, unde si cand putea avea acces la asemenea semne (multe si vechi !) *                                                                                             – Exista numai doua posibilitati reale, mari si late:                                                                     Scriitorul nu ar putea apartine decat ariei Egeene, sau uneia de undeva mai din nord, (chiar si de la noi~transhumanta?) Sant semne ,sau intuitia i-mi spune ca acea persoana pe de alta parte, pare a fi foarte perspicace/patrunzatoare * 

EU AM REUSIT SA TREC BARIERA APARENT INSURMONTABILA DE LA SITUATIA CA NIMENI NU A DEMONSTRAT CLAR PANA ACUM CA POATE FI VORBA DE SCRIS, LA A DEMONSTRA ACEST LUCRU.                                                                                                    DIFICULTATEA APARUTA REZIDA IN FAPTUL CA DIMPOTRIVA, PUTAND PREZENTA MAI MULTE PROPUNERI DE CITIRI ESTE DIFICIL IN A O SELECTA PE CEA “CORECTA, ADEVARATA” *                                                                                                                                          Nota                                                                                                                                                             In realitate, numarul citirilor posibile este absolut covarsitor de mare.Matematic combinatii de n cate m x combinatii de x cate y.  O selectie obiectiva nu este posibila. Unele citiri au urcat in afectivitate si intelectul meu posibil spre pozitii superioare nemeritate.Insa timpul oarecumva a permis un gen de sedimentare spre domeniul de a fi oarecum independente de mine si naturale.

CITIRILE DEMNE DE LUAT IN CONSIDERARE SE GASESC IN ARTICOLUL:              Tartaria,posibil o problema “simpla” !?

Calificativul minoic “SI-RU-te”

May 14, 2019

In repetate ocazii au fost gasite pe tablitele Minoane (scrierea Linear A “in curs de descifrare”) pasaje de genul: <I-PI-NA-MA SI-RU-TE>,                                                                    Din RICHARD VALLANCE, https://linearbknossosmycenae.com/tag/minoan-substratum/

Troullos tablet TL Za 1

IPINAMASIRUTE is another agglutination, this time consisting of 3 words, all of them Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1). The tablet or nodule above provides us with the full translation, which in its actual order reads, with horsemanship + running + (towards) prey. In other words, we have a charioteer, whose name is JASASARAME, clearly a highly skilled charioteer and hunter, whose ridership or horsemanship allows him to run towards his prey, and at a fast pace at that, given that NAMA always refers to something flowing fast, usually a stream, but in this context, clearly horses, 2 of them, of course, since Mycenaean chariots always have two horses.

So the free translation runs along these lines, and very well indeed,

Jasasarame, the hunter-charioteer, in his chariot made of wicker, is exercising his (considerable) ridership skills, by running at break-neck speed (or: running by a stream) towards the wild prey he is hunting on the outskirts of his town (community).

This decipherment, which is almost entirely in Mycenaean-derived New Minoan (NM1) hangs together admirably well. It is a major breakthrough in the ongoing saga of the decipherment of Linear A. It is also buttressed by the fact that the tablet or nodule actually looks like a horses halter. While the word halter appears, at least at first sight, not to figure in the text, this is of little consequence. The tablet itself makes it quite clear enough that here we have two horses (always two with Mycenaean chariots) and that a well-heeled, and most likely aristocratic or warrior-class charioteer, Jasasarame, is at the reins. >>>                                                                                                                                                eugen:   ?? towards a beast of pray ??…eu mai degraba leg curgere,curent de SIRU

Din  The Language of the Minoans By Virginia Hicks, B.A. (Class. https://www.academia.edu/6173899/The_Language_of_the_Minoans

A-ta-no-dju-wa-ja tu-ru-sa du-ra2-re I-da-a / u-na-ka-na-si I-pi-na-ma si-ru-te                     The sun goddess, distressed (cf. Greek truo), lamented (Greek duromai, past tense)and Ida, a dream appears to you; the one of strong name was dragged away                                                                                                                                                                                                    Din Linear A Texts & Inscriptions in phonetic transcription & Commentary by JOHN JOUNGER                                                                                                                                                 12. The Libation Formula http://people.ku.edu/~jyounger/LinearA/                                      << …..SI-RUTE:” of/from SI-RU >>

——————————————————————-                                                                                 ?? “towards a beast of pray”; “dragged away” ??                                                                          Se presupune ca ar putea insemna si “one of a strong name”/”aceea cu nume puternic”;

Sufixul -TE insemna “al, de la”, ramane:                                                                                        SI-RU,SIRU despre care se presupune ba ca inseamna “puternic”, sau “distruge”, ori ceva legat de “sarpe”, acestea doar cateva de care stiu. Despre limba minoica nu se stie ce fel de limba era, nu se incadreaza clar in nici-o familie lingvistica. Se presupune ca este de influenta anatoliana(luwiana), ori sumeriana ori semitica (acestea fiind doar cateva din cele cca 10 familii linvistice aflate sub lupa).                                                                                   ———————————————————-                                                                                          Din Minoan Origins of Athena – Anistoriton  http://www.anistor.gr/english/enback/e023.htm          <This is the Mycenaean attempt to translate the name of the Minoan goddess, … spelling of what we know from Greek as Diwia (Mycenaean di-u-ja or di-wi-ja). The …. du-ra2-re I-da-a line 2: u-na-ka-na-si I-pinama sirute (Athena, distressed, lamented and Ida appeared in [her] dream; the [one of] strong name tore her hair.) …>          ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

to bind,to tie together                                                                                                                            thread 

Din https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri                                                                                             Sri, (/ʃr/;[1] Devanagari: श्री, IASTŚrī [ʃɹiː, ɕɹiː]) also transliterated as SreeShriShreeSi, or Seri, is a word of Sanskrit origin.                                                   Etymology                                                                                                                                            Sri has a core meaning of “diffusing light or radiance or eminence“, related to the root śrā “to cook, boil”, but as a feminine abstract noun, it has received a general meaning of “grace, splendour, beauty; wealth, affluence, prosperity”.

                                                                                                                                           

============================================                                                             SIRU; inalt, elevat                                                                                                                     lofty {adj.}RO:”mândru arogant falnic înalt îngâmfat înalt (şi impunător) nobil grandios (sublim) semeț”

 DEX August:”Maiestuos, măreț, impunător”

DECI ESTE O REFERIRE (sau epitet ?) “SRI/SIRU ,                                                                   la/al ZEITATII ASTRALE (feminine), A-ta-no-dju-wa-ja= ASA-SA-RA                                                                                                                                                                                                              SIRU:”                                                                                                                                                         – inalt, elevat, mandru, nobil, grandios, maiestuos”?                                                                     – “care uneste, leaga” ?                                                                                                                         -“care difuzeaza lumina sau radiaza”

Eu zic ca poate fi legat de rheo, -ρρέω, -ρροή, -ρροια, -ρρους curgere si radiatie=flux

  Din Greek Political Imagery from Homer to Aristotle                            https://books.google.ro/books?isbn=1472502183 Roger Brock – 2013 – ‎Literary Criticism

< App. BC 3.20, and note also the use of verbs such as surreo (‘flow together‘: X. HG 2.3.18)> 

rom”curge impreuna” si avem atat unire cat si curgere

Din Flow and Flux in Plato’s Philosophy – CRC Press Book                     https://www.crcpress.com/Flow-and-Flux-in-Platos-Philosophy/…/9781138918184              < Flow and Flux in Plato’s Philosophy – CRC Press Book. … of ‘flow’ and ‘flux in relation to earlier usage in the Greek poetic tradition and the Presocratic thinkers, ..>

Din https://en.bab.la/dictionary/english-greek/flux                                                          flux {noun} ροή

Din https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E1%BF%A5%CE%BF%CE%AF%CE%B1 ῥοίᾱ  (rhoíāf (genitive ῥοίᾱς); first declension

  1. flowflux  Etymology From ῥέω (rhéōto flow) +‎ -ίᾱ (-íā).
    ῥέω  flowstreamrungush

Din [PDF] Plato’s dialogues. Part III: On creative reason. – UTRGV Faculty Web   https://faculty.utrgv.edu/eleftherios.gkioulekas/plato/pd3.pdf                                                   < phoras kai rhou noesis (perception of motion and flux), or perhaps phoras onesis …… to see,’ (Greek), ‘the speaking of the silent,’ the silent denoting either the …>

Din Minoan snake goddess figurines – Wikipedia   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoan_snake_goddess_figurines                                    “Snake goddess” is a type of figurine depicting a woman holding a snake in each hand, … The snake goddess’s Minoan name may be related with A-sasara, .

Din OCTANE NEWSLETTER 5: ©Asia Haleem 2016 … – the layish website   http://www.layish.co.uk/octane_5_sirius_newsletter2016.pdf

<It shows the characters for Sirius (sirute, at that time also referring to the Sun) ..>

Mai tarziu,

Din <pelasgians and the sirius cult> – Q-Mag.org                                                                         http://www.q-mag.org/amanda-laoupi-the-pelasgian-spiritual-substratum-of-the-bronze-age-…     < Keos (Cyclades, Greece) as a pristine Sirius cult center in the Minoan Archipelago ….. Apart from Siru or Serio, who represents a ‘sun‘ god, there is a lunar/solar …>

 

Din                                                                                                                                         În fotometriefluxul luminos sau puterea luminoasă este măsura puterii percepute a luminii. Se diferențiază de fluxul radiant, măsura puterii totală a luminii emise

Tartaria,posibil o problema “simpla” !?

May 11, 2019

De ani de zile sustin ca jumatatea de sus a tablitei rotunde iese in evidenta.                      Contine semne care au fost folosite de greci ca litere.                                                                  Si nu orice fel de semne=litere, ci unele relativ noi ( folosite la cateva sute de ani Inaintea Erei Noastre).                                                                                                                         Semne continute in principal in alfabetul arhaic grecesc.                                                         Am spus “posibil o problema simpla”. Ar fi fost simpla daca am avea certitudinea ca scrisul continand doua cuvinte sa fim siguri care sant alea. Se pare insa ca cel care a scris, in mod voit sau nu a lasat in urma posibilitatea unor citiri multiple.                                         Daca a fost in intentie asta reflecta un nivel intelectual si al cunostintelor destul de ridicat. Asta ar fi cum ar fi. Insa faptul ca cunostea atat de multe semne prezente pe toate tablitele, semne ce apartin in mod normal unei arii temporale si spatiale foarte largi ar trebui cu adevarat sa ne dea de gandit.                                                 Acest lucru este cu atat mai posibil cu cat ne-am apropia de zilele noastre si altfel, nu-mi explic cum putea sa fie posibil intr-un oarecare trecut.                                                           ========================== POSIBILE CITIRI   ======================                              In stanga avem semnele HD “heta-rho” sau “eta-rho” pentru ca acel semn H initial s-a pronuntat H,He fiind litera Heta si mai apoi survenind schimbari in limba s-a pronuntat “E“. latinii l-au folosit in continuare ca H. De fapt nu santem siguri, avem semnele HP sau HD !?                                                                                                                                                      In dreapta avem semnele grecesti DDoc sau DDou.                                                                 Deocamdata semnul +++++ il lasam in suspensie.                                                                        In varianta ca avem semn D in stanga si semne D in dreapta,                                                             Atunci am avea citirea:                                                                                                            HeDe/EDe  Di D o u                                                                                                                             (observati ca primul D are inauntru o linie aparent miscata, ar pute fi “i” )

Din ἔδω Ancient Greek Etymology From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ed-.                                ἔδω  (édō) :”(eu) mananc”                                                                                                     Alternative form of ἐσθίω (esthíō

imperative ἔδε
  1. δίδου https://biblehub.com/greek/didou_1325.htm                                                              in romana :”da”(“da!”)
  2. Luke 11:3 V-PMA-2S
    GRK: τὸν ἐπιούσιον δίδου ἡμῖν τὸ
    NAS: Give us each day
    KJV: Give us day
    INT: daily give us

Deci am avea: MANANCA!+ DA                                                                                                       Am putea avea in vedere un ritual religios legat de cele “de-ale gurii”, de recolta, chiar forma de turta paiinita sugerand aceasta.                                                                                         Nota                                                                                                                                                            Parca am gasit candva in evolutia ulterioara a limbii latine (inspre limbile romanice) o forma gramaticala a acestui verb gen DEDUI ca si rom. DADU si DADUI

Din morphology 1999 – Springer                                       link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-94-017-3722-7.pdf

. Before examining the sign-like behaviour of Romance derivational affixes in diach- …… again, some scholars imagine an intermediate form *DEDUI, (Tekavcic 1980, vol. 2:.     
  

Din The Nomads of the Balkans | Greece | English Language – Scribd

give here a brief account of the circumstances under which the dispute arose. …… form of Latin or Romance speech among the Bulgarian troops except by the presence of Vlach …… dapoia, adv., afterwards. dau, V. irreg., give ; dare, dedui.

                                                                                                                                                                   ???!!?? Din Roumanian Stories – Hellenica World

 

? “Fluxul,convergent, unirea +IUBIRE“?
                                                                                                                                                               ?!?!?                                                                                                                                                            Din File:Nestor Cup Cumae.jpg – Wikimedia …
https://commons.m.wikimedia.org › wiki
Jan 15, 2015 · Νεστορος [ἐρροι] εὐποτ[ον] ποτηριο[ν]: ὁσδα τοδε π[ιεσι] ποτηρι[ο] ηὐτικα κενον: ἱμερ[ος αἱρ]εσει καλλιστε[φα]νο
Greek and English Lexicon
https://books.google.ro › books
John Pickering · 1832 · Greek language
Eq. 7, 5. “Epírruas, ov, *, *, belonging to cavalry, Xen. Cyr. viii, 3, 3. “Epirros, ov, 3, sitting on a horse, equestrian, Xen. Cyr. iv, 2, 1 ; Soph                                                                                 Nota                                                                                                                                                   Epirus si tot ceea ce este legat de el, se scrie cu un singur R, iar noi avem “RR”.Posibil sa fi existat o forma ca mai sus cu 2 de R?     
The name Epirus is derived from the Greek: Ἤπειρος, romanized: Ḗpeiros (Doric Greek: Ἄπειρος, romanized: Ápeiros), meaning “mainland” or terra firma.[3] It is thought to come from an Indo-European root *apero- ‘coast’,[4] and was originally applied to the mainland opposite Corfu and the Ionian islands.[5] The local name was stamped on the coinage of the unified Epirote commonwealth: “ΑΠΕΙΡΩΤΑΝ” (Ancient Greek: Ἀπειρωτᾶν, romanized: Āpeirōtân, Attic Greek: Ἠπειρωτῶν, romanized: Ēpeirōtôn, i.e. “of the Epirotes”, see image right). The Albanian name for the region, which derives from the Greek, is Epiri.
Asa incat, am putea efectiv avea :H,P=epe +iR, R, o, c/ur r o s/                                                
EPEIRROS/EPEIRROU                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Nota                                                                                                                                                 Vedeti ca in interiorul primului semn D=R avem o linie nesigura ce pare a fi un “i
https://www.scribd.com › doc › Daci-Ro…
Daci, Romani, Vlahi si Albanezi 1 ….. Populatiile slave le spun vlahi sau vlassi, grecii le spun cuto-vlahi, albanezii le spun tschoban
descoperitorul, VLASSA= “vlah,albanez“……….CIUDATA COINCIDENTA !
alb. rrok “quickly seize (something) in a rude or eager way.”

  Din Verb ἐρᾰω  (eráō) https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E1%BC%90%CF%81%CE%AC%CF%89#Ancient_Greek

  1. (construed with the genitive of person or with a cognate accusative) love with sexual passion, I am in love with
  2. (without sexual reference) I love warmly (opposed to φιλέω)
  3. (construed with the genitive of thing or with an infinitive) I love or desire passionately (to do [something] – when construed with an infinitive)

Present : ἐρῶἐρῶμαι (Contracted)

Etimologii: (muntele) IDA, IDA-MATER, DIKTE

May 10, 2019

Vedeti Dv, religia minoica, apoi cea miceniana a avut o particularitate fata de alte religii din lume. Ritualurile se desfasurau in natura. pe varfuri de munte si in pesteri; nu era foarte sofisticata, nepunand accent pe temple. Prea putine urme au ramas, asa incat nu se cunoaste in amanunt structurarea si desfasurarea acestor ritualuri.

Din https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Minoan_religion

Cultic practice                                                                                                                               Based on archaeological evidence of such as paintings, statuettes, and seal rings, it is clear that the dominant figure in Minoan religion was a goddess, with whom a younger male figure, perhaps a consort or son, is often associated, usually in contexts suggesting that the male figure is a worshiper. The Goddess was also often associated with animals, especially the snake, but also with bull, lion, and dove. She seems to have been served by priestesses, but there is no evidence that Minoan religious practice was centered around formal public temples. Some scholars see in the Minoan Goddess a female divine solar figure

Din Full text of “Minoan Mycenaean Religion And Its Survival In Greek … https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015…/2015.529266.minoan-mycenaean_djvu.txt

Religion based on the assumption of a Minoan colonization of the mainland, p. …… There are other caves on Mt. Ida which were frequented during the Minoan age. …… are symbols of the Great MinoanEarth Goddess who is akin to Magna Mater. ..

Din Idaea – Wikipedia  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Idaea

 

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Din Mount Ida  ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Ida                                                          << In Greek mythology, two sacred mountains are called Mount Ida, the “Mountain of the Goddess”: Mount Ida in Crete; and Mount Ida in the ancient Troad region of western Anatolia(in modern-day Turkey) which was also known as the Phrygian Ida in classical antiquity and is the mountain that is mentioned in the Iliad of Homer and the Aeneid of Virgil. Both are associated with the mother goddess in the deepest layers of pre-Greek myth, in that Mount Ida in Anatolia was sacred to Cybele, who is sometimes called Mater Idaea (“Idaean Mother”),[1] while Rhea, often identified with Cybele, put the infant Zeus to nurse with Amaltheia at Mount Ida in Crete.                                            Etymology                                                                                                                                          The name Ida (Ἴδη) is of unknown origin. Instances of i-da in Linear A probably refer to the mountain in Crete. Three inscriptions bear just the name i-da-ma-te (AR Zf 1 and 2, and KY Za 2), and may refer to mount Ida [3] or to the mother goddess of Ida ( Ἰδαία μάτηρ). In Iliad (Iliad, 2.821), Ἵδη (Ida) means wooded hill, and reminds the mountain worship in the Minoan mother goddess religion.[4] The name is related with the nymph Idaea, who according to Diodor was the mother of the ten Kuretes.[5] Idaea was also an epithet of Cybele. Romans knew Cybele as Magna Mater (“Great Mother”), or as Magna Mater deorum Idaea (“great Idaean mother of the gods”), equivalent to the Greek title Meter Theon Idaia(“Mother of the Gods, from Mount Ida”).[6] Proclus considered it as the “mount of the Ideas, whence its etymology.>>     =============================================================

Vedeti Dv, parerea mea este aceea ca existau doua planuri sau reprezentari al populatiei antice:

ida (ide) tree; forest [Old-Ir. fid, Gen. fedo ‘tree, trees, forest’].

Megan Biesele, ‎Robert H. Hitchcock, ‎Peter P. Schweitzer – 2000 – ‎Business & Economics

Ila, Ida in Vedic and Indic mythology is the goddess of sacrifice and prayer.

======================================================

 

Indo-European nominal inflection in Nostratic perspective ……  Hebrew yada Aramaic ydda*, Syriac ida*, Mandaic yda “to know”
Numele zeitei IDA, IDA-MATER are legatura in greaca cu:

                                                                                                                                                            IDEa                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Din ιδέα https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%CE%B9%CE%B4%CE%AD%CE%B1                    EtymologyFrom Ancient Greek ἰδέα (idéanotion, pattern), from εἴδω (eídōI see).

ιδέα  (idéaf (plural ιδέες)

  1. idea (model in the mind or interlect)
  2. idea (invention)
  3. opinion (judgement)
  4. impression (impression of character)       
  5.    EIDOs                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Din εἶδος  https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%CE%B5%E1%BC%B6%CE%B4%CE%BF%CF%82  Ancient Greek EtymologyFrom Proto-Indo-European *wéydos (seeing, image), from *weyd- (to see).εἶδος  (eîdosn (genitive εἴδους or εἴδεος); third declension
    1. That which is seenformimageshape
    2. appearancelook, beauty (comeliness)
    3. sight
    4. fashionsortkind
    5. species
    6. waresgoods

                                                                              —————————————

Si mai apoi cu:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             DIKE

δίκη https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%CE%B4%CE%AF%CE%BA%CE%B7                   Ancient Greek Etymology                                                                                               From Proto-Indo-European *deyḱ- (whence δείκνυμι (deíknumito show)). Compare Sanskrit दिशा (diśā).

δῐ́κη  (díkēf (genitive δῐ́κης); first declension

  1. custommannerfashion
  2. orderlawright
  3. judgmentjustice
  4. lawsuittrial
  5. punishmentpenaltyvengeancesatisfaction
  6. Din FLOURISHING OF THE MINOAN GREEK STATE IN THE LINEAR A …https://www.academia.edu/…/FLOURISHING_OF_THE_MINOAN_GREEK_STATE_&#8230; A. Evans also identified the ‘female suffix’ in Linear B 4, later ru-ki-ti- ja. … G. Pugliese Carratelli reads a-dikitete-pi in relation to Δίκτη 
  7. http://www.jolr.ru/files/(214)jlr2017-15-1-2(51-59).pdf

     

    Zeus (in reference to the Mountain of Dikte, where according to later myths Zeus … In this case, Linear A (j)a-dikitete-du-pu2-re might either refer to the ‘Cave of 

    ==================================

 ASTFEL MUNTELUI I-A FOST ASOCIATA O ENTITATE, A CARUI INTELES ESTE LEGAT DE RADACINA PENTRU “VAZ,VEDERE” SI INSEMNA:

“vedere>VEDENIE, IMAGINE-IMAGINATIE                                                                                                       + “FORMA (neclara,fantomatica?), APARENTA =DUH,VIZIUNE”

Nu este exclus ca intr-o perioada indepartata reprezentarile religioase a ceea ce numim zeitati sa nu fi atins formele ulterioare antropomorfe si sa fi avut de-a face cu ceea ce numim “duhuri“.Cum ar fi duhul unui anumit animal sau al muntelui. Aceste reprezentari desi existau, nu aveau o forma si imagine concreta si nici unica.              Inca nu era ceea ce numim azi eikon, “icoana“.                                                                        De aceea putea fi o imagine neclar conturata, o viziune.

Animism https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animism                                                                       << (from Latin anima, “breathspiritlife“)[1][2] is the religious belief that objects, places and creatures all possess a distinct spiritual essence.                                      Potentially, animism perceives all things—animals, plants, rocks, rivers, weather systems, human handiwork and perhaps even words—as animated and alive.  Animism is used in the anthropology of religion as a term for the belief system of many indigenous peoples,[7] especially in contrast to the relatively more recent development of organised religions.

Although each culture has its own different mythologies and rituals, “animism” is said to describe the most common, foundational thread of indigenous peoples’ “spiritual” or “supernatural” perspectives. The animistic perspective is so widely held and inherent to most indigenous peoples that they often do not even have a word in their languages that corresponds to “animism” (or even “religion“); the term is an anthropological construct. >>

Din Minoan religion 1993 nanno marinatos by AKIS – issuu   https://issuu.com/akis4/docs/minoan_religion_1993._nanno_marinat

Minoan religion … terms got more specific) used aniconic (non-imagistic), animistic forms of cult. .….. and the highest mountainIda (Psiloritis), has snow on its peak even in the summer. …… Still, the Minoan Master of Animals is distinctive. ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Din https://www.academia.edu/37612555/Greek_religion_in_Linear_A                                             
2.Dicte mount
We do not yet know where to place that of Mount Dikte.’ (Glotz 2003:258). Some researchers (firstly Pugliese Carratelli 1957: 170172) propose to identify the name of the Cretan sacral mountain Δίκτη in Lin. A -di-ki-tu / -di-ki-te-(te) ,cf. Lin. B di-ka-ta(-de)
/Diktan-de/ ‘to Dicte’,di-ka-ta-jo di-we/Diktaioi Diwei/ (dat.) ‘to Dictaean Zeus’.Lin. A a-*301-ki-ta-a (TY Zb 4, pithos) :Δικταῖα (Adj. fem., j > h) ‘of Dicte’ rather than ἄθικτα
 (neut. pl.) ‘holy things’<ἄθικτος ‘untouched, not to be touched, holy’
.The name might be related to Lacon. δίζα:αἴξ ,‘goat’
 (Hesych.), as a possible placewhere Amalthea nursed newborn Zeus (goats near peak sanctuaries are depicted onKato Zakro rhyton and Pylos gold ring), or to
δείκνυμι ,Cretan δίκνυμι (possible dialectal monophthongization!) ,perf. δέδεκται , ‘
point out,show’,Latin digitus ‘finger’ as a sacral landmark or rather the place where god(desse)s appear.Alternatively, a-di-ki-te:ἄθικτη ‘untouched (meal)’, cf. ja-di-ki-tu
(IO Za 2) :ἄθικτος.                                                                                                                                3.Ida mount
Several forms of the name of Cretan sacral mountain Ida (Ἴδη to which the Phaistospalace was oriented, Scully 1962 7) myght be hypothetically found in LinearA:   1)i-da (a separate word, PK Za 18; ZA 24; perhaps, also PK Za 9, PK Za 17);                        2)i-da-a in tu-ru-sa du-pu3-re i-da-a(KO Za 1), perhaps adj. fem. Ἰδαα ‘of Ida’;
 3)i-da-ma-te (the same inscription on two axesgold and silverfrom Arkalokhori,AR Zf 1 and AR Zf 2) :Ida mathr (, Peruzzi 1960: 25; Shevoroshkin 1965: 46). Ida wasconsidered the Great Mother (Lucr. 2.610613);                                                                                          4) te-me-da-i (THE tablet 6 from Thera) J. Younger proposes to read conversely i-da-me-te as ‘a misspelling for I-DA-MA-TE?
’ However, it might be an Ionian-like dialectalform;                                                                    5)i-da-mi in the position of a place-
name in the ‘libation formula’ (SY Za 1) looks like Hittite *Ida-mis ‘my Ida’;
6)a-ro-te- i-da-da (CR Zg 4, a seal; photos of the seal and its sealprints: Perna 2014:256
257) might be ἀρότης Ida-dan ‘husbandman from Ida’, cf. Ἴδηθεν μεδέων ‘ruling
 from Ida’ (Iliad 3.276, cf. 4.475, but of Trojan, not Cretan Ida), Arcadian θύρδα
 ‘from the door’, Phryg.-dan ‘from’. The mountain name was ἴδα ‘timbertree, wood’ initially (Paus. 10.12.7). ‘ Pre-Greekword without further etymology’ (Beekes: 577), but later might be influenced by Fιδ‘see’, cf. εἴδομαι ‘to be seen, appear’,εἶδος ‘that which is seen’ (Indo-European): it might be considered a place where goddess(es) appear (as it is depicted on Minoan seals). Inmythical thought, Ida sees the sun before the sunrise (Solin. 11.6; Lucr. 5.663665; Etym.Magn., s. v.). Initial w-, sometimes suggested for this word, is not reflected in Linear A.The repeating of the mountain name in Crete and Troad might reflect Phrygian migration from Anatolia to Crete , which preceded the appearance of Linear A (in which the name of Ida is reflected) and even the appearance of the Cretan hieroglyphs(because they reflect the Phrygian phonetics in syllabary and morphology).
Dictaean cave as the labyrinth
? Lin. A a-di-ki-te-te-du-pu(2)-re:ἡ Δίκτηνδεθύφρη (:δύβρις / τάφρη):ἐν ἄντρῳ τῆς Δίκτης
(Apollod. 1.1.5)The sign-group a-di-ki-te-te-du-pu2-re occurs in so-called Libation Formula between a-ta-i-301-wa-ja and ja-sa-sa-ra-me where place names (i-da ‘Ida’,se-to-i-ja ‘Setoia’,tu-ru-sa ‘Tulis(s)ia < Tulis(s)os’,o-su-qa-re<*pi-su-ka-re ‘Psychre’) occurred in other similar inscriptions. Then, the reading di-ki-te ‘Dicte’ might be correct.
If Lin. A often reflects the second vowel of diphthong,du-pu(2)-re might be *d(a)u-pu(2)re withoutινθsuffix, cf. Lin. B da-pu2-ri-to-jo po-ti-ni-ja ‘Lady of the Labyrinth’.
Many parallels to λαβύρινθος were proposed, and this word is traditionally considered ‘preGreek’, ‘Aegean’, ‘non-Indo-European’ (cf. Beekes: 819). However, anIndo-European etymology of the word can be proposed.Lin. A du-pu2-re ‘*cave’ : Lin. B da-pu2-ri-to
‘labyrinth’=τύμβος ‘sepulchral mound’ :τάφος ‘tomb’= Lithuanian duburhollow,trough ’ :dauburravine, trough among mountains’ = Proto
-Slavic *dŭbrĭ ‘ravine’ :*dombrŭ ‘forest’, Latvian dumbrs ‘swamp’.Greek τάφρος,τάφρη
 ‘ditch, trench’ (<*θαφρ , acc. to Grassman law) and especiallyCretan θάπτρα ‘monument’ (Beekes: 534) are also comparable. The aforementionedGreek words are linked with other Creek words,τάφος ‘tomb’ (> English epitaphy) and τύμβος sepulchral mound
 (> English tomb), which might reflect Indo-European *dhmbh- .If traditional transcription of the Linear B da-pu2-ri-to is daphur-inth-os then the Lineardu-pu2-re
might be duph(u)rē ‘cave’, cf. Greek δύβρις ‘sea’ < ‘*deep’ with good IndoEuropean
 etymology (Neroznak 1978: 183; Beekes: 358;absent in LSJ).If Lin. A is mostly th
then Linear A might be a contemporary of acting Grassmanlaw or even might precede it. The reconstructed word might be conventionally replaced with τάφρη
.Thus,a-di-ki-te-te-du-pu2-re might be interpreted ha Diktēn-de duph(u)rē /δύβρις
‘cave into Dicte’. Cf. Lin. B di-ka-ta-de/Diktan-de/.In comparison, pa-ta-da du-pu2-re
(HT Zb 160, pithos from Haghia Triada nearPhaistos) might be *Φαιστιανδαν
 ‘from Phaistian woman’; cf. pa-ta-da[ (PH (?) 31,Phaistos), if -da is not graphic/phonetic variant of -de. Cf. Phrygian -dan, Hurrian -da(n),Georgian -dan ‘from’.
Lin. A a-301-ki-ta-a(TY Zb 4) :ἡ Δικταῖα.Perhaps, caves, used by the Cretans as the Neolithic dwellings and sacralized as the ‘labyrinths’, as well as Knossian ‘hypogeum’ (preceded the Old Palace) and ‘crypta’ in Mallia represented the same idea of underearth enclosed room, traced to the Paleolithiccave shrines. Homeric Minos renewed his sacral power nameli in the cave!
‘[…] ужедавно известно удивительное пристрастие минойцев ко всевозможнымподземным или надземным, но обязательно изолированным и не освещаемымпомещениям’
 (Andreev 1989: 115).
Idaean cave near Tylissos? Lin. A tu-ru-sa du-pu3-re i-da-a:Τύλισια θύφρη Ἰδαῖα
 ‘Idaean cave of Tylissos’
 Lin. A tu-ru-sa du-pu3-re i-da-a (KO Za 1, in the place-name position of the LibationFormula) :Τύλισια (adj. fem. <Τύλισος),δύβρις ‘cave’ (see above), and
 Ἰδαα ‘of Ida’.
Note three corresponding feminine forms of these words!Tylis(s)os was famous Minoan town in which area many caves are located. The townis located near Phaistos which palace is oriented towards Ida mountain.Demeters sacral fieldra-ri-de-me-te:Ραριάς
 Δημήτηρ Lin. A ra-ri-de-me-te(HT 94) :Ραριάς Δημήτηρ, cf. Ραριάς ‘epithet of Demeter’ (St.Byz.),Ρ̓άριον (πεδίον) ‘the field where tillage was first practised, and which was sacred to Demeter ’ (Paus. 1.38.6; St. Byz.; Hom. hymn to Demeter 450–454).
Ρ̓ᾶρος was the father of Triptolemus (Paus. 1.14.3).If ῤάρος means ‘abortive child’ and
ῤάριον is a diminutive form of it, an ancient rite(foeti / abortive children
 , sacred to Demeter’s field) might be reconstructed. Cf.: ‘But Ister, in his collection of the Cretan sacrifices, says that the Curetes formerly sacrificedchildren to Saturn.
’ (Porphyry, On abstinence from animal food 2.56, transl. Th. Taylor).Child’s skull, found at Kato Zakro, might be a sacrificial victim (Platon 1971: 120; Riley1997: 218). Children were also sacrificed in Late Minoan IB Knossos (Wall et al.1986:333-383; Riley 1997: 222
223). Therefore, the myth about teenagers, sending to Minotaur(priest-king in bull’s masc?), obtains archaeological background (in addition to itsastronomical meaning).However,Δημήτηρ was also used as a name for ‘bread’. Thus, the appearance of investigated word in the list of plants is not surprising.Demeter is also reflected in Lin. A da-ma-te from Kythera.
Temple of Zeus and his nurse
? Lin. A je-di … du-zu-wa:ἕδει θεοῦ Διϝός: Hom. θεὸς Ζεύς; Lin. A je-di … pa3-ka-ra-ti … te-301(*the):ἕδει Παγκρατῇτήθῃ to the temple of Zeus (and his) nurse’ The cults of θεὸς
 Ζεύς(Od.4.236, 14.327) and Ζεὺς ὁ παγκρατὴς (Aesch.Eum.916)might be reflected in the tablets HT 36 and HT 8 respectively.Lin. A je-di du-zu-wa (HT 36):je-di/hedi/ἕδος dwelling-place (esp. of the gods) , perhaps in dat. ἕδει , Lin. B o-pi-e-de-i
/opi hedei/ ‘for the temple’; cf. Lin. A je-di (HT 122, after a list of Cretan towns), Lin.A
 je-di OLE (HT 140). Greek ἕδος< IE*sed-‘sit down’, cf. a Cretan rite to prepare the seat for Zeus every year (Porph.Vit. Pyth.17).du-:θεός ,Cret.θιός , Dor. also θεύς , gen.θεοῦ
 , Mycen. (Lin. B)te-o , gen. sg.te-o-jo ‘god’;-zu-wa:Ζεύς , gen.Διϝός , Mycen. (Lin. B) gen.
di-wo/Diwos/Zeus’. The form zu-wa for the name of Zeus is regular, cf.zu-wa-ni-se
‘of Dionys’ (SY Zb 7, see above).Thus, Lin. A je-di du-zu-wa:ἕδει θεοῦ Δiϝός
 , cf. Hom.θεὸς Ζεύς (Od.4.236, 14.327).Lin. A je-di OLE … pa3-ka-ra-ti(HT 8) :παγκρατής
 ‘allpowerful’ (epith. of Zeus:ὦ παγκρατὲς Ζεῦ, Aesch.Seven Against Thebes 255;
Ζεὺς ὁ παγκρατὴς , Aesch.Eumenides 916; παγκρατὴς Κρόνου παῖς , Soph.Philoctetes
676), perhaps, dat.παγκρατῇ , in thecontext je-di pa3-ka-ra-ti:παγκρατεῖς ἕδρας
 ‘omnipotent throne’ (of Zeus, Aesch.Prometheus Bound 391).Lin. A te-301(HT 8)≈ te-*te
:τήθη ‘grandmother’, perhaps dat.τήθῃ , Illyr.deda ‘nurse’ (Beekes: 1477), Georgian
deda ‘mother’; cf.τίτθη ‘nurse’ (these words were confused in the Ancient Greek texts) and τιθήνη ‘nurse’ from another IE root.Lin. A si-ki-ra(HT 8) :Σκύλλα , cf. not only Minoan pictures of dog-shaped water-monster Scylla but also a princess of Megara Σκύλλα, killed by Minos, and especiallyCretan Zeus
Skullaios.Lin. A pa-ja-re(HT 8) :Φαίδρα ,Φαίδρη ‘bright, beaming’ (of the sun and the moon),the name of Minos’ daughter < PIE*gwheh2id- (Lith.gaidra ‘cloudless heaven, clearweather’ Beekes: 1544), but a contamination with φάος ‘light’ or even*gwh> ph
 (incontrast to Mycenaean Greek) are not excluded.Lin. A ka-pa(HT 8) might be an eponym of Carpathos, ruled by Minos (Diod. 5.54.4).Lin. A ki-re-ta-na(HT 8) :Κρητηνία , a place on Rhodes where Cretans invaded theisland (Ps.-Apollod. 3.2.1; St. Byz., s. v. Kretenia).Is it a coincedence that the sanctuary of young Zeus was found namely at HagiaTriada?

“Burebista” si “tarabostes” inseamnau ceva ?

April 30, 2019

Din        Linguistic Map of the Paleo-Balkan Languages, c. 1st century BC Information and map source:       https://twitter.com/arcgreek/status/1072513592195457029

 

Din A GRAMMAR OF MODERN INDO-EUROPEAN      Carlos Quiles   https://academiaprisca.org/indoeuropean/indoeuropean.htm

C. DACIAN

The Dacian language was an Indo-European language spoken by the ancient people of Dacia. It is often considered to have been anorthern variant of the Thracian language or closely related to it.                                                                                                                           There are almost no written documents in Dacian. Dacian used to be one of the major languages of South-Eastern Europe, stretching from what is now Eastern Hungary to the Black Sea shore. Based on archaeological findings, the origins of the Dacian culture are believed to be in Moldavia, being identified as an evolution of the Iron Age Basarabi culture.                                                                                                                                                   It is unclear exactly when the Dacian language became extinct, or even whether it has a living descendant.                                                                                                               The initial Roman conquest of part of Dacia did not put an end to the language, as Free Dacian tribes such as the Carpi may have continued to speak Dacian in Moldavia and adjacent regions as late as the 6th or 7th century AD, still capable of leaving some influences in the forming Slavic languages.                                                                            According to one hypothesis, a branch of Dacian continued as the Albanian language (Hasdeu, 1901). A refined version of that hypothesis considers Albanian to be a Daco-Moesian Dialect that split off from Dacian before 300 BC and that Dacian itself became extinct.

Harta https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burs_(Dacia)                                                                                400px-roman_empire_map_alexanderfindlay1849                                                             Historical evidence

The Dacian tribe Buredeense / Buri is attested by the ninth tabula of Europe of Ptolemy’s Geography,[2] Cassius Dio[1] and inscriptions.[6]

Before the battle of Tapae (101) (in the first campaign of Trajan) the Dacian tribe, the Buri, sent Trajan a message to the effect that he should withdraw from Dacia and restore peaceful relations. Their message to him was inscribed on the smooth top of a very large mushroom, in Latin,.[3][1] This message was unusual enough to become part of a frieze on Trajan’s column.[3]

In the 6th century a deed issued by Justinian, dated 530 AD, mentions the Burs:[7]

“Insuper constituimus, tibique damus hic descripta armorum insignia: videlicet: scutum in septem partes divisum; in medio eius, scutum aureum, cui inest aquila dupplex, alba et nigra, quae significat Emblema Imperiale, cuius capita coronata sunt purpureo Imperiali diademate, ex parte dextra in prima divisione scutum rubrum, in cuius medio videtur turris, significans utramque Daciam, in secunda divisione scutum coeleste, cum tribus Burris, quarum duae e lateribus albae sunt, media vero aurea, quae indicat Albaniam superiorem; in tertia sectione scutum album cum uno Leone, indicante Epyrum;

Harta, din https://www.kinderweltreise.de/kontinente/europa/rumaenien/daten-fakten/geschichte-politik/

=================================================                                                        In urma cu ceva ani, am facut doua legaturi:          https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burs_(Dacia)                                                                                           – Una legata de limba bascilor<>proto-iberiana>iberiana, gen: BURU-BISTA=BURU-VISTA=cap-vaz, :                                                                                                                    “CAPetenie de vaza”                                                                                                                            Din mi diccionario de euskera – lexicomas https://lexicomas.wordpress.com/2018/…/mi-diccionario-de-euskera…                  Burjes, burgués                                                                            buru : cabeza [PE. *buru]    (rom.”cap“)                                                                                            bista: vista (facultad de ver)  (rom.”vedere“)

Din http://www.logosdictionary.org/index.php?code=6544658&from=PJ

English eye
Aragones bista ; bisión

– alta legata de limba albaneza care pastreaza caracteristici situate la baza trunchiului Indo-European,                                                                                                                            BURE-BISHT= “OM-COADA” !?; o prima asociere conduce la ceva negativ, insa este posibil ca numele adevarat sa fie si sa ramana necunoscut, si aceasta denumire sa reflecte intelegerea contemporanilor sai ca fiind ultimul om adevarat. Nu stiu daca ar putea fi si o legatura cu gr. pistis,pistos:”de incredere” (magh. bistosh:adevarat”, cuvant cu siguranta preluat de la populatia deja existenta in bazinul Panonic). De “comati” (cei cu par in coama, nu poate fi vorba intrucat comati erau patura comuna, de jos,    dac03  Taraboste (Dacian nobleman)                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Din Istoria Dacilor | Victor Chiriac – Academia.edu
https://www.academia.edu › Istoria_Dacilor
I i.e.n. pe teritoriul dac se formeaza, sub conducerea lui Burebista un stat incipient cu centrul … Principalele clase fiind insa nobilii ( pileati) si oamenii liberi de rind (comati),

Burebista nu putea sa fie decat din clasa celor instariti tarabostes (ulterior pileati).Foarte interesant este ca in albaneza bisht mai inseamna si mugur, lastar :                                                                                                                                                                                                     Din  Illyrian and Albanian – a linguistic approach – Eupedia Forum
https://www.eupedia.com › threads › page8
The Slavic pseudo- scientific community privately accepts the Illyrian heritage of Albanians, but …… bisht [m] (tg) ‘tail, brush; stalk, stem‘ Probabil cu intelesul de om de la origine,nativ. Atentie, Kurd. bistî “tulpina,peduncul,vrej

Din Scythian Onomasticon http://www.v-stetsyuk.name/en/Scythian/Onomasticon.html                Βιστησ (biste:s) – Kurd. bistî “stalk” or bista “trusty” or bista “lover”

πιστός – Wiktionary
From πιθ- (pith-) (zero-grade of the root of πείθω (peíthō, “to persuade; to trust”)) +‎ -τος (-tos, verbal adjective suffix).
en.wiktionary.org

 

Altfel radacinile BUR,BURE si BIST,BISTA m-au condus la:                                                    ==== a se parcurge rapid pana la urmatoarea linie dubla intrerupta ========                                                                                                                                                                     BUR,BURE

(PDF) A Critical Review of Dolgopolsky’s Nostratic Dictionary – ResearchGate
https://www.researchgate.net › publication
Dec 16, 2015 · Was Nostratic a root- isolating or a stem-isolating language? (pp. 44)
…… *buRu (or *buRü) ‘to break’: strong.

(Latin bura f (genitive burae); first declension beam of a plough, genitive burae /rom.:barna plugului)                                                                                                                                Din Latvian Etymology                                                                                                                           Cognate to Lithuanian bùrė (sail). Ultimately perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bew-*bʰew- (to swell) (whence also bozt) with a suffix -rā- whence Proto-Baltic *burā- whence the Latvian term with the initial meaning of “that which inflates.” It is possible that the Lithuanian term is a borrowing from Latvian (Nieminen, Fraenkel). Of the same origin are the dialectal terms būrabūris (crowd), compare Lithuanian būrỹs (crowd)Sanskrit भूरि (bhū́riplentiful; numerous). [The usual meaning of būris (cage) is unrelated, this is a borrowing from Middle Low German.]                                                                                                                                                   A different opinion (Pokorny, Endzelīns) is that this term is to be linked with Ancient Greek φᾶρος (phâros)φάρος (phárosfabric, canvas) from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to weave) or, according to a different opinion (Mikola, Nieminen, Fraenkel), the term is borrowed from Livonian pūŗaz (< *purri), compare Finnish purje (id.) However, no forms with p-have been recorded in Latvian dialects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Polish bura inflection of bury:  Etymology Possibly Latin burrus Etymology     From Ancient Greek πυρρός (purrhósflame colored), from πῦρ (pûrfire)burrus (feminine burraneuter burrum); first/second declension red, reddishbrown. genitive burrae                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Serbo-Croatian From Proto-Slavic *burja, akin to Bulgarian and Russian буря (burja)Slovene burjaSlovak búrka and búrať (to crush). Non-Slavic cognates include Old Norse byrr (fair wind)Latin furō (I rage, rave)Sanskrit भुरति (bhuratito stir, palpitate).                                                                 bora (wind)                                                                                                                                bȕra f (Cyrillic spelling бу̏раbora (wind)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Polish bure inflection of burybury brownish dark grey dark grey with spots                                                                                                                                               Serbo-Croatian bȕre n (Cyrillic spelling бу̏реbarrel

Din https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/b%C3%BAra                                                                      Hungarian Etymology 1 From the bur- stem of burít (to cover), the dialectal variant of borít (to cover). Created during the Hungarian language reform which took place in the 18th–19th centuries. For similar derivations, see csuszainga.                        búra (plural búrák) dome-shaped covering; usually transparent or translucent

Din https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bur                                                                                                Istro-Romanian Etymology From Latin bonus, from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dw-enos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere).      bur m (feminine burĕneuter buro)good                                                                                      Latvian bur from burt  1st conj., presburuburburpast būru                                                   to conjure, to practice magic

Din Dictionary of American Family Names
https://books.google.ro › books
… or from Büren in Westphalia. The last is named with Middle Low German bur ‘dwelling’ , ‘settlement’.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/buriz                               Proto-Germanic Etymology 1 From Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry, bring).   *buriz m  male offspringson

Descendants Gothic: 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐍂 (baur)                                                                                                 Etymology 2 From Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry, bring)*buriz elevationhill                                                                                                          Descendants Old High German: burpurborburī Middle High German: borbüre German: Bor Alemannic: Büri                                                                        Etymology 3 From Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry, bring).                           *buriz m  favourable wind                                                                                                       Descendants Old Frisian: *bure West Frisian: bur Old Saxon: *buri Middle Low German: bore (in derivative: borelōs)

German Surnames – Behind the Name – Behind the Surname
https://surnames.behindthename.com › g…
Variant of BAYER. BAMBACH German Variant of BAUMBACH. BAUER German From Old High German bur meaning “peasant, farmer”

Concise Anglo-Saxon dictionary for the use of students DOC http://www.s155239215.onlinehome.us › turkic THE first edition of this dictionary having been exhausted, it has been extensively …… [Goth. airus] < ar/er/ir “man, warrior, trooper, husband” …… bur-tSegn, -Sen m. page ..

 

Genealogy World – Origins and Meanings of Surnames – Genealogy Today
www.genealogytoday.com › enoch › ori…
It was derive from German bauer, from bur = occupant of a small dwelling. …..             It designated a peasant farmer, and was also used as a given name,
Social Theory and Agrarian Practice in Early Medieval England: The Land …
https://www.persee.fr › doc › rbph_0035…
by R Faith · 2012 · Cited by 1 · Related articles
… the geburas, cognate with Old German bur, peasant, farmer, country man,
What does boor mean – Definition of boor – Word finder
https://findwords.info › term › boor
Original meaning was “peasant farmer” ( compare German Bauer, Dutch boer, Danish … bur, defined by the Rambam (Maimonides)

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-.*būraz roomchamber dwellingresidence                                              https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/b%C5%ABraz

Proto-Germanic Etymology 1                                                                                                                                         Descendants

  • Old English: būr
  • Old Saxon: *būr
    • Middle Low German: būr
      • → German: -büren (in place names)
  • Old Dutch: *būr
    • Middle Dutch: buur
      • Dutch: -buren (in place names)
  • Old High German: būr
  • Old Norse: búr n
    • Icelandic: búr n
    • Faroese: búr n
    • Old Swedish: būr mn
      • Swedish: bur c
    • Danish: bur n                                                                                                                           Etymology 2*būraz m
      1. dwellerinhabitant

      Descendants

      • Old English: būrgebūr
      • Old Frisian: būr*gebūr
      • Old Saxon: *būrgibūr
        • Middle Low German: būr
      • Old Dutch: *būr
        • Middle Dutch: buur
          • Dutch: buurboer (from eastern dialects)
      • Old High German: būrgibūr
      • Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/burja – Wiktionary
        en.wiktionary.org

         

        *burja storm

      • боурꙗ – Wiktionary
        Compare Latin furo (“to rage, be furious”), Sanskrit भुरति (bhuráti, “to stir, quiver”), Old Norse byrr (“fair wind”).
        en.wiktionary.org

         

        • ————————————————————————
        • BIST, BISTA                                                                                                                                         
        • Universal Annotation of Slavic Verb Forms – Univerzita Karlova
          PDFhttps://ufal.mff.cuni.cz › pbml › art-zeman
          by D Zeman · 2016 · Related articles
          The first work on Slavic-specific issues in UD was Zeman (2015). The present ar- …… bista biste bimъ biste bǫ, bišę. Table 43

       

      Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/biti https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/biti*bìti impf to beat                  Related terms *bojь(battle, fight)

      Aorist is the old Slavic simple past tense. It is a finite form that marks person
      and number of the subject. It existed in the Old Church Slavonic language and it has survived in several languages until today; however, many languages have replaced it by the l-participle.
    • Imperfect Indicative
      .
      Imperfect is another simple past tense that only survived in a few languages. It does not have any equivalent in English, but there are imperfect tenses in Romance languages.
      Verbs in imperfect describe states or actions that were happening during some
      past moment. They may or may not continue at and after the moment of speaking.Important is the past context and the relation of the action (state) to some other action(state) happening in the past.Despite the name, both imperfective and perfective verbs can be used in the imperfect tense! Perfective verbs in the imperfect tense denote actions that were repeated in
    • Number Person be

      Dual    3     bysta
      OLD CHURCH SLAVONIC
      Table 30.[cu] VerbForm=Fin | Mood=Ind | Tense=Past
      Number Person be
      Dual        2          бꙑста bysta
      —————————————————————————–
      NOTA                                                                                                                                 Foarte interesant istro-romanul bur=”bun” cat si lituanianul būrỹs :”multime” si inca Sanskrit भूरि (bhū́ri“abundent; numeros reflecta doua caracteristici atestate de antici si anume ca erau buni si totodata multi.                                            ==================================                                                                       Avand in vedere ca burii lui Burebista au existat cu putin inaintea Erei Noastre, cu siguranta erau Indo-Europeni. Cat am tot cautat radacini, legaturi si echivalente provenite din lexicul I.-European, in mod constant am fost directionat spre:
                                                                                                                                                      – semnificatia pentru BURE:”vatra, asezare, om nativ, lucrator al pamantului/taran”.                                                                                                        (cu cateva exceptii ex.  Slovak  búrať (“a zdrobi”, leton buru:”a practica magia”).                                                                                                                                   <<bur, buris (boris) ‘man’ [Alb. burrë ‘man’].>>
      – semnificatii pentru BISTA provenite in special din ramura germano-balto-slava, in special ramura germano-slava si mod constant (si numai) legate de verbul BITI: “A FI
      Burebista sau Boerebista sau Buruista.
      Buru-Ista in albaneza :”este barbat”
    • (Gheg) âôâshtâshtôsht                                                                             (Tosk) ësht eshtë                                                                                                    (Çam) ishte  third-person singular present indicative of jam ; in romana “ESTE”
    • vezi si https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/është
    • Din The ethnic sameness of Illyrians and … PDFialbania.com › ebook The title of the book Epirotes – the Albanians of antiquity is borrowed …… the typical Illyrian suffix -ista, which gave -ishta in. Albanian
      De fapt si in germana am avea:                                                                    ger.BUR,BAUER oland.BOER-BIST, BISTA:”(tu)ESTI  localnic/TARAN”
      << du was often used enclitically in OHG. and MHG. just as it is in the NHG. colloquial language, as OHG. nimis du? became nimistu?= NHG. nimsta?; bisdu? became bistu? = NHG. bista ? This is the origin of the final t in the second pers. sing, of verbs. The t came to be regarded as part of the verb, so that we find already in OHG. forms like nimist du? beside nimistu? NHG. du >>
    • BUREBISTA:” (ai) FOST/DEVENIT al locului, TARAn
    •                                                                                                                                                  Tinand cont de:
    •     Dictionary of American Family Names
      https://books.google.ro › books
      Patrick Hanks · 2003 · Reference
      … or from Büren in Westphalia. The last is named with Middle Low German bur ‘dwelling’ , ‘settlement’.
    •   Genealogy World – Origins and Meanings of Surnames – Genealogy Today
      www.genealogytoday.com › enoch › ori…
      It was derive from German bauer, from bur = occupant of a small dwelling. ….. It designated a peasant farmer, and was also used as a given name,
    • What does boor mean – Definition of boor – Word finder
      https://findwords.info › term › boor
      Original meaning was “peasant farmer” ( compare German Bauer, Dutch boer, Danish … bur, defined by the Rambam (Maimonides)
    •   Genealogy World – Origins and Meanings of Surnames – Genealogy Today
      www.genealogytoday.com › enoch › ori…
      It was derive from German bauer, from bur = occupant of a small dwelling. ….. It designated a peasant farmer, and was also used as a given name,                                               si de:
    • ~Istro-Romanian Edit Etymology Edit From Latin bonus, from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dw-enos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (“to show favor, revere”). Adjective Edit bur m (feminine burĕ, neuter buro) good                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Din List of reconstructed Dacian words – Wikipedia

       

      BUREBISTA/ger.: “(ai) FOST/DEVENIT al locului, TARAn
      BURUISTA/alb.: “ESTE BARBAT
      BUREBISTA/I.E.,traca = “ fost/ESTE,de credinta<>incredere PUTERNIC,BARBAT(bun)”
      •  ================= V E R I F I C A R E ================
      • Din DUSAN VUKOTIC XURBELAUM                                                                                     Albanian burrë (man)                                          https://vukotic.wordpress.com/2007/11/11/albanian-burre-man-2/

      On July 24. 2007. Abdullah Konushevci wrote:                                                       vie about Alb burrë is:
      *wirH1-os. Alb. burrëruler, warrior, husband, man; distinguished/ 
      brave/courageous person‘        …………. Dacian
      royal name Bure-bista and maybe tribe name Li-burnoi, ………                                If the Albanian burrë is IE word at all it must be related to German Bauer or Serbian <paor> (freeman, peasant). Similar process where B => V change is present in Serbian words like vrlina; vrli, vrlo (virtue, precious) with the close meaning as Latin virilis; or Serbian vredan (worthy) equal to Latin virtus. However, Albanian burrë could be borrowed from Latin puer (boy, young man, slave); Russian boyar (Old Russian boljar); cf. Latin bellare and Russian boljar (a member of the nobility,warrior); also ‘barin’, ‘baron’ and Frankish ‘baro’.

      ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

      Pentru TARABOSTES:
      Din getica, o protoistorie a daciei – cIMeC PDFwww.cimec.ro › parvan › parvangetica nobililor: tarabostes. Observăm că partea a doua, -bostes, intră și în compoziţia numelui gloriosului rege Burebista, numit la Trogus, Prol
      TARA”                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Din https://www.sgr.fi/sust/sust266/sust266_kroonen.pdf
      PIE *tauro- on the basis
      of e.g. Lat. taurus, Gr. tauros, Lith. taũras, OCS tur, Alb. ter20,                            20. The e-vocalism is due to Umlaut that took place in the Proto-Albanian paradigm *tar, pl. *tarī̆ (Demiraj
      1997: 46).
      Din Indo-European Roots – Sito – Libero
      https://digilander.libero.it › ie-roots
      Indo-European Roots …… Reconstructed from Sanskrit tarati ‘he translates (across the river)’, tara- ‘vigorous’, taranta- ‘sea’, Greek
    • Din mitologia si credintele tracilor.indd – Acte … PDFactesifapte.ro › uploads by S PALIGA · 2013 · Cited by 3 · Related articles SORIN PALIGA. Mitologia tracilor …… sociale, păturii conducătoare reprezentată de tarabostes (tara-bostes „bostes cei tari”)
    • naming the provincial landscape: settlement and toponymy in … – Dialnet
      PDFhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es › articulo
      by LA Curchin ·
      << European settlement in this supposedly non- Indo-European zone. …… Villar more convincingly derives it from IE *tara- “strong” >>
    • nu sant prea convins, de:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Din Zalmoxis – jstor
      https://www.jstor.org › stable
      by M Eliade – ‎
      << aristocratic and military class the tarabostes ( whose name includes the element –bostes, from the Indo-European root *bho-s, “shining >>
      Dar noi nu avem TAR ci TARA:
      English from the Roots Up, Volume I: Help for Reading, Writing, …
      https://books.google.ro › books
      Joegil Lundquist · 2004 · Foreign Language Study
      The Indo-Europeans tacked an ending on ster , making it ster-la, so it’s easy to see how stella … for star is “(s)tara” – not very different
        What does tara mean in sanskrit – aqfrhf.ml – aqfrhf.ml
      https://aqfrhf.ml › world-news-tv › what-…
      The word ‘Tara’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘ tṛ’, meaning to cross. that did not … If it is Hindi word Tara (star) then the equivalent Sanskrit word is nakshatra. … (tārā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian * Hstar-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗr
      Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-​Iranian/Hstā́ – …
      https://en.m.wiktionary.org › wiki › Hstā́
      This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the … Etymology[edit]. From Proto-Indo-European * h₂stḗr (“star”). … Sanskrit: तारा (tārā
      The Origin of the Indo-European Nominal Stem-Suffixes: Part I – jstor
      https://www.jstor.org › stable
      by W Petersen · 1916 · Cited by 5 · Related articles
      ing of its suffix into that of some similar word or root, and if the suffix ….. Skt. tara ‘ constellation‘: tar-as ‘stars ‘,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Din https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tara       Dalmatian Alternative forms tiara Etymology From Latinterra. Compare Italian and Portuguese terra, Romansch terratiarateara, Romanian țară, Spanish tierra, French terre.                            taraf “earthground”   
    • Desi am gasit in latina                                                                                            boStes, ae (is), M., a constellation, (??),
                                                                                                                                                  Din Nasal Vowel Evolution in Romance
      https://books.google.ro › books
      Senior Lecturer in Romance Philology Rodney Sampson, Rodney Sampson · 1999 · Language Arts & Disciplines
      Senior Lecturer in Romance Philology Rodney Sampson, Rodney Sampson … VOSTRUM> [‘boste] ‘your (m- sg-)’) for southwestern Gascony, where /o/ was evidently raised

      Din (PDF) Universal Annotation of Slavic Verb Forms – ResearchGate

      https://www.researchgate.net/…/301571434_Universal_Annotation_of_Slavic_Verb_For..                                                                                                                                 “BOSTE:(voi) VETI FI, DEVENI”
    • ———————————————————————–
    • 1.TARABOSTE: “SANT/veti FI,DEVENI PUTERNICI
  • 2. TARA-BOSTE: “veti FI=DEVENI PAMANT/TARA” =(“TARANI”)                                                                                                                                                                           ================= V E R I F I C A R E ================
  • Din DUSAN VUKOTIC XURBELAUM                                                                                     Albanian burrë (man)                                          https://vukotic.wordpress.com/2007/11/11/albanian-burre-man-2/

My vie about Alb burrë is:
*wirH1-os. Alb. burrëruler, warrior, husband, man; distinguished/ 
brave/courageous person

Long-time delayed, Hebrew interpretation.

April 28, 2019

…Today when write is 27-th of April 2019 Pass-over evening,…………    =======================================                                                                        Tartaria round tablet: https://cogniarchae.com/2015/10/29/tartaria-tablets-connection-between-vinca-and-proto-linear-b-script/

                                                                             Some years before, (more than ten), particularly the upper half of the tablet attracted me, cause of the shape of the signs, similar to modern letters. It is about the “H”,”D/P” (on the left) and “D”,”O”-like signs (on the right).                                                                                     ———————————————————————–                                                                               “H”-like sign is allmost identical with old canaanite,phoenician, old hebrew letter  “het”.                                           From The Ancient Hebrew Alphabet
By Jeff A. Benner http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/alphabet_letters_hhet.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Early hebrew letter Hhet:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   From  Gezer Calendar – Agricultural Almanac http://www.lavia.org/english/archivo/GezerEN.html

                 See at the beginning of every row (reading R>L),  yrh= yarach=”MONTH” 

  From  http://aplaceofbrightness.blogspot.com/2008/11/moonlight-in-romania-tartaria-tablets_21.html                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         HP seem to be paleo-hebrew letters Heth/Chet and Qof  , so H-P=Kh-Q= COKH, kokh (no matter reading L>R or R>L!)                                                                                                          From  https://www.cram.com/flashcards/hebrew-letters-focus-israel-2253556                                                                                      kokh:”loculus, niche”                                                                                                                               Din The Ossuary of James – The Nazarene Way https://www.thenazareneway.com/ossuary_of_james.htm                                       “The ossuary was then placed in a niche (loculi or kokh) area of the burial cave”                  <<If letters Het-Dalet, would be first letters of the word KODESH=”holy” ?                        WORD STUDY – HOLY – Chaim Bentorah http://www.chaimbentorah.com/2013/08/word-study-holy/                I have found a meaning for the word kodesh (holy)>> 

  From  Remains of Ancient Days – LA Times https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1997-02-27-ca-33395-story.html                                                                                                                      “Bodies were first placed in a kokh–a deep, narrow cave–or on an … dead were collected and put into an ossuary, a large, usually lidded stone box.”                                 Attention,                                                                                                                                                 At would have an ossuary, as allmost all scientists agree that at Tartaria was an ossuary indeed, related to an “secondary burial” ritual. 

Din https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secondary_burial

<< Artificial mounds and other, clearly visible, above-ground structures have been re-used since the New Stone Age (and even in later times, often by much later cultures) for burials of bodies, bones or cremated remains (in urns). These more recent burials, of whatever form, are referred to by archaeologists as secondary burials. They are found in grave mounds, usually in those areas of the site that could at the same time be extended. In larger dolmenspassage gravesstone cists, etc. the re-use of the interior space available was usually closer in time to the original burial (e.g. by the Globular Amphora culture), if necessary also accompanied by the removal or addition of secondary chambers (as in the Megalithic tombs of Hagestad). The mounds of the megalithic tombs, which were usually covered with earth, were re-used following a similar shape as the original grave mound.   …………..                                                                                                       Some more well-known examples include the megaliths from the late Funnel Beaker culture, the stringent procedures in the single burial graves of the Battle Axe culture, and the uniqueness of the Pitted Ware Culture.[

Din     Jesus and the Ossuaries Craig A. Evans https://docs.google.com/document/d/1-24WMy5xUmJTIhJRbucErA4SETQgoh9Bw2vTS3–kZY/edit

<< The use of ossuaries, or small caskets meant to hold only bones and not the undecomposed corpse itself, is ancient and finds a close parallel in the use of astodans (or “ossuaries”) by the ancient Persians (Yamauchi 1990, 61–63). The evidence for secondary burial in Chalcolithic and Bronze Age Palestine is considerable. …….

ossuaries themselves were then placed in a room, often stacked. They were sometimes placed in the niches themselves or in the central chamber. (In a tomb at Jericho four ossuaries were found in a single niche; cf. Hachlili 1979, 56–57.) There are burial inscriptions in which the word kokh appears: “This kokh [hkwk] was made for the bones of our fathers. Length two cubits. Not to be opened!” (CIJ no. 1300; Fitzmyer and Harrington 1978, 168–69; Meyers 1971, 66). Kokh can also be spelled qwq (qoq), as in this poorly preserved inscription: “This is the kokh [aqwq] of . . . Alas! And his daughter” (CIJ no. 1222; Fitzmyer and Harrington 1978, 182–83).   ……..

In contrast to this custom (i.e. cremation), the Jewish people buried their dead (as did also many Greeks and Romans), later gathering the bones and plac- ing them in containers or a vault set aside for this purpose. The practice of gathering the bones [liqut ‘azamot] of the deceased is called ossilegium, or “secondary burial” (cf. y. Moe‘ed Qatan 1.5, 80c: “At first they would bury them in ditches, and when the flesh had decayed, they would gather the bones [meliqtin et ‘azamot] and bury them in ossuaries”; (Rahmani 1994b, 193–94; for introductory discussion, see Gafni 1981; Silberman 1991; McCane 2000). How far back this practice may be traced and where the practice originated are major questions that lie at the heart of the debate surrounding the significance of the numerous ossuaries found in and around Jerusalem, dating to the Herodian period. …..

Meyers (1970, 12–13) acknowledges that concepts of the ossuary in Palestine may well have been influenced by designs and artwork from the Aegean world that were introduced to the Philistines. But this influence, if any, is quite ancient and in any case coincided with prac- tices to which the inhabitants of Palestine were well accustomed.  ……>>

Apropos de faptul ca la Tartaria este absent craniul:

<<The absence of the skull, which in the possession of Herod’s angry and vengeful wife would surely not have been properly buried and therefore would never have been rejoined to the rest of John’s body, would make resurrection all the more doubtful, at least a resurrection before the time of the general resurrection and judgment.>>

  ————————————————                                                                                                         (?? KOKHAION <?>KOGAION =”niche, loculus, pit-grave forever ??) …atention in GAION,HERAION ,AION part is attaching the meaning “forever duration” of a construction so “temple, shrine”, temple, shrine of Ge, temple of Hera. Horos and temenos has also the meanings of a sacred area, domain, precinct  : LOCULUS,PIT/GRAVE- SACRED DOMAIN                                                                                               AION LOCULUS,PIT-GRAVE                                                                                                            ——————————————————————————                                                                 Until some days bevore, I was convinced that in canaanite, paleo-hebrew writings, there was not used dalet in the modern D shape, only triangle-shaped as Delta is.,                          But recently I’ve found that D-shape was used                                                                       From http://cryptcracker.blogspot.com/2010/03/qeiyafa-ostracon-inscription-this-large.html

QEIYAFA OSTRACON INSCRIPTION ( ~1000 B.C.)

                                                                                  [1] ‘ L T ` Sh  [Q] W? ` B D ‘ [L?] :  Z/T? H/Y?

[2] Sh P Tt . B W ‘ L M  [? ] [Sh] P Tt

[3] G L [Y/W?] [ T?] B ` L  S?  R? H/S? [ ]  Y?

[4] ‘ [ Q] M W N  Q? M Y B/Kh? D M L K .

[5] ‘ Q w/y M ` B D m? sh/m? Y : Ss? D Q T                                                                                  Notice that the direction of writing is from left to right (dextrograde), which is the opposite of the order for Biblical Hebrew, and also for ancient Phoenician, Hebrew, and Moabite inscriptions (right to left, sinistrograde); but there is general agreement that this is the way this text runs. The pattern for this is set in the Izbet Sartah ostracon: it also has 5 lines of text; the fifth has the letters of the script (from ‘Aleph to T) running from left to right, and the other 4 lines are obviously dextrograde also (lines1 to 3 leave a space at the end; 4 runs over into the end-space of 5).
However, Christopher Rollston has said on rollstonepigraphy.com:
Prior to the rise of the Phoenician script, Northwest Semitic inscriptions could be written sinistrograde (right to left), dextrograde (left to right), or boustrophedon (one line left to right, and the next line right to left).  Of course, sometimes NWS inscriptions could even be written vertically.  Many people seem to be reading the Qeiyafa ostracon as dextrograde in its entirety.  ……………………….                                         There is a pantheon leaping out at us in the same way: the storm-god Baal (B`L) in line 3, the mysterious Molek (MLK) in 4, the mother goddess Elat (‘LT) in 1, the chief god El (‘L) or all the gods (‘LM) in line 2 ”    ……………….                                                                            In the Bronze Age the proto-alphabetic sign for Sh was the sun (the disc with a protecting serpent), and the Babylonian sun-god Shamash (the sun being the all-seeing eye, with the stars as the spies by night) was the minister for justice in the celestial government.

From EARLY HEBREW SYLLABARY                                                                                             The Lost Link.The Alphabet in the Hands of the Early Israelites Brian E. Colless Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand   http://cryptcracker.blogspot.com/2014/04/                                                                                               This phenomenon could have a connection with the trio of ’Alephforms on the Qeiyafa Ostracon. But my idea goes further than that: in the early “Israelian” Hebrew alphabet each of its twenty-two letters had two additional forms, making a total of sixty-six signs. In fact, the system was not a simple consonantary (which the Phoenician alphabet certainly was, in the Iron Age) but a syllabary.     ………….                                      The first situation seems to fit the case, as the neo-consonantary is attesested around 1500 BCE, and the neo-syllabary appears around 1200 BCE.                                                       Ayin in the Phoenician alphabet, as also on the Zayit Stone, is a circle, but without the centre-dot that is characteristic of the sign in the south in Iron Age I. However, on the Beth-Shemesh Ostracon [7] there is one of each, leading to the suspicion that the empty circle is the syllable ‘I.       …………..                                                                    Then comes ‘Ayin with no dot, so it is ‘I. The Lamed here is not the same as the one further on, and I will not make a decision on their respective sounds; but it might be LI. Hence Shumiba`ili  (“name of Ba`al”) 

  From inscriptions – cryptcracker cryptcracker.blogspot.com/2010/04/timna-inscriptions-copper-mines-at.html                                                                                                                          “The oval on the right has the following signs: `(ayin), Z (properly Dh), … The other oval has the sun symbol at the top (Sh, from shimsh ‘sun‘, …” 

https://sites.google.com/site/collesseum/cuneiformalphabet
o 	s  S(sh+th)  O 	shimsh: sun (but without serpent)

 From syllabary – cryptcracker                                                      cryptcracker.blogspot.com/2007/03/oldest-west-semitic-inscriptions-these.html

 

Mar 19, 2007 – The circle, for example (an eye with a dot for the pupil, or else the sun) does … stands would represent `U (the consonant being `ayin, and its origin is in the … In the syllabary (by my calculations) the circle is the sun (shimshu, …

 ———————————————————-                                                                                              In the text transcript, I coloured intentionaly Ayin (transcript ` ), Lamed and Dalet.          In  “DDoc” sequence, we could have the signs  o=Aiyn (see folowing alphabet) and c =L (Lamed, Qeiyafa ostracon)                                                                                                                                              Aici se poate vedea mai bine Ayin: Din http://www.abrahamsdescendants.com/hebrew.html

                        ———————————————————                                                                                           But as presented above, the circle possible has the folowing (succeding?) equivalents:    – Ayin                                                                                                                                                         – “SUN” shimsh-logogram                                                                                                                      –syllable ‘I.    =AI                                                                                                                                     – S                                                                                                                                                              So:                                                                                                                                                               D D C = Dalet, Dalet, =Ain=`?/I?/S? /,  Lamed ?                                                                                        D-D-  `/s- L? >> “DoD  `L“, DoD AL:               =          “uncle/BELOVED- AL  ” ;                      Attention, in Tartaria, have no  alef-lamed, AL:”EL, god El (‘L) but ayin-lamed, OL=”AL”  

From  Bible Lexicons Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary https://www.studylight.org/lexicons/hebrew/1730.html

דֹּד

dôd, dôd  Phonetics dode, dode                                                                                                  1.beloved, love, uncle                                                                                                                          1a) loved one, beloved                                                                                                                   1b) uncle                                                                                                                                              1c) love (plural abstract)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      =================   Note   ==================================                                                                                                                                                                                                           – God’s name,EL is written with  Alif-Lamed, transcripted L ; cause alif is not full,proper consonant nor vowel, it is an deaf sound. My question, why written with Alif and not pronounced Al but El , cannot explain myself and found no reason, but a “scientific explanation” of course there is available.                                                       ================================                                                                                   Interpretation would be:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 NICHE,LOCULUS (SACRED) (…or first letters of the word Cohen=”priest“?) and in                              love, beloved  Al” ; what is  AL for ?, cause normally,                                                   (al) – Means on as in “on top of”. It can also mean “about”

From https://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/hebrew/nas/al-3.html                                             AL :”upon, on the ground of, according to, on account of, on behalf of, concerning, beside, in addition to, together with, beyond, above, over, by, on to, towards, to, against ”                                                                                                                                                                      No consisten meaning is emerging. But I put in attention:

Abraham ,Isaac and Jacob never knew God under name Allah. – Ummah …https://www.ummah.com/…/316552-abraham-isaac-and-jacob-never-knew-god-under&#8230;<< The word Allyown is derived from the primary root ALAH as is also the word AL (ayin, lamed) which is also translated as “the Most High” in Hosea 7:16 and 11:7.     As such AL is an exact synonym for the “EL” (aleph, lamed) in “El Shaddai”.                  In fact that “El” should be spelled AL also since Aleph, the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet is equal to our A rather than E. You will notice that when one is careful to pronounce AL slowly and distinctly as the name of the MOST HIGH deserves it becomes phonetically A-L-L-A-H. So everywhere you see Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob use the Hebrew words AL (aleph, lamed) and Al (ayin, lamed) they are using the name ALLAH. >>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Explanation of Ayin using and not Alef, is due of the fact that for tablet writer the coresponding sounds was of no much concern, nor realised that the sounds are slightly different.  

Brian Coless: “Getting into the mind of a writer of a text is always difficult”

From Hebrew Letter Ayin                                                                          https://www.cartoonhebrew.com/ayin                                                                                        “The letter is pronounced a lot like Alephmeaning that it only has the sound of whatever vowel goes … (al) – Means on as in “on top of”. It can also mean “about.”.

From Does Hebrew have letters that make the same sound? – Quora   https://www.quora.com/Does-Hebrew-have-letters-that-make-the-same-sound               ” Yes, quite a lot actually. * Alef (א) and Ayin (ע)—they mostly merged in the modern language. They were definitely distinct in ancient Hebrew: Alef was a glottal … ===================                                                                                                                        Other interpretations of the signs OC:                                                                                                   SL;”SaL”?                                                                                                                                               ‘IL=”AIL” ?                                                                                                                                                    From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_(deity)Specific deities known as ʾEl or ʾIl include the supreme god of the ancient Canaanite religion[3] and the supreme god of East Semitic speakers in Mesopotamia’s Early Dynastic Period.[4]

==================================

From  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_God_in_Judaism”                                            “The name of God most often used in the Hebrew Bible is the Tetragrammaton (YHWH יהוה). It is frequently anglicized as Jehovah and Yahweh.. as “the Lord”  the divine name as too sacred to be uttered.  … Rabbinic Judaism describes seven names which are so holy that, once written, should not be erased: YHWH and six others which can be categorized as titles are El (“God“)…,

THIS COULD BE THE EXPLANATION THAT UPPER HALF OF THE ROUND TABLET, BEING COVERED BY THAT OBLONG-ONE TABLET, THE SIGNS=THE MESSAGE WAS OUT OF SIGHT OF PASSERS-BY, SO INACCESIBLE, INTENTIONALY HIDDEN.                                                                                                                                                                                                        Maybe, by chance or not, this time out of the semitic area, possible kind of 4-letters group, “Tetragrammaton” composed the name of a supreme divinity, possible of the type:                                                                                                                                              “DDou=Dzou, Zou(pelasgian,cretan,thracian), Dibos=Divos (balto-thracian,phrigian,greek), Ddiou,Ddios (neapolitan,sardinian)”?                            ===========================                                                                                                             Proto-Semitic Noun *ʾil–                                                                                                                      1.”deitygod”

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From THE PHILISTINE SCRIPT AND INSCRIPTIONS (Excerpts from The Celtic Connection Revisited, unpublished material, 2014) By Michel-Gérald Boutet https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/?zx=5altn8zeq797#inbox?projector=1

Although an early Indo-European presence was felt in the Canaan region after
the second millennium B.C.E, the Philistines along with the other Sea Peoples
make an abrupt entry into the Egyptian records just at around 1200. The
Philistines, purportedly from Bulgaria and Crimea, were of mixed Indo-European
nations mainly of Proto-Celtic Danubian, Aegean and Anatolian descent.These
Danubians, the Dananoi, or Danauoi in Greek, constituted of a number of
undifferentiated Indo-European tribes originally from the Pontic Crimean area of
the Black Sea that had settled on the western Anatolian coast and eventually on
the island of Cyprus. During the Bronze Age, their metallurgical skills gave them
the cutting edge and they were the ones responsible for prompting the Iron Age
in the Mediterranean basin.   ………….                                                                                           The Greeks called them the Pelesetes, the Assyrians, the Palastu or Pilistu, and
the Hebrew the Pelištīm.                                                                                                                   The origin of the name Pelesetes is thought to derive from the Indo-European
root word *pel-, pellis “skin, hide.” A Proto-Celtic root hints at a more plausible
etymology with pell-os/-a/-on, “far away, remote,” thu,s *pelletes, “those from far
away.” ……………..

The Philistine time line                                                                                                                                                    
1550 BCE Start of the Late Bronze Age with the Egyptian
conquest of the Canaanite coastline at the start of
the Eighteenth dynasty. The Mycenaean peoples
export their metallurgical skills and initiate local
production and trade.

1200 BCE The Sea Peoples invade Canaan and Egypt. The
Philistines take foot on the coast between Phoenicia and Egypt and put an end to the Late
Bronze Age.

1175 BCE Ramses III defeats the Sea Peoples including
Philistines and settles for an alliance with the
Philistines who accept to be confined to the coastal
plain of southern Canaan as a client nation.

1150 BCE Under Ramses III, the destruction of the city of
Lachish marks the final Egyptian withdrawal from
southern Canaan.

10th–7th centuries BCE The Philistines lose their military grip over the
surrounding peoples and their distinctive culture is
eclipsed by the surrounding kingdoms of Judea,
Israel and Phoenicia.

7 th-6th centuries BCE The Philistine city states suffer loss of population,
the seat of power and population is concentrated in
Ekron, an important political, agricultural and
commercial center.

After 600 BCE Total collapse of Philistine civilization and the
citadel of Ekron are left abandoned. The city did
not resist at the time of the Assyrian-Egyptian war
in 605 BCE and was destroyed.

586 BCE What is left of the remaining local Philistine
population is assimilated into the Judean and
Phoenician cultures. Jerusalem is destroyed by the
Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar II and the local
elite and leaders are deported to Babylonia.
During their exile, the remaining Philistines, under
the protection of the Assyrians, occupy the Judean
border town of Beit Shemesh. They are finally
released under the Achaemenid Empire.
 c. 330 BCE Alexander the Great conquers Palestine Syria.

The Philistine Alphabet    ………….. It seems more likely,
however, that the script was the creation of Semitic Canaanites under the
influence of mixed Indo-European agents. ………….                                                                       Ba’al, “master, owner, lord,” theonym, the Canaanite and Phoenician
god Baal.
G’T < Gat or Gath, a Philistine place name. …………                                                                           Khyan (kōhēn, “priest”) and Apophis, betray a Semitic origin. ………….                                     So, at the end of the second millennium, the peoples of the Levant came into contact with the Anatolians and later on, with the Mycenaeans and Aegeans. The alphabet was just one of these innovations that would structure and consolidate this mobile and volatile society.  ……                                                                                                                             ….!must see! Table of Compared Indo-European and Semitic Proto-Scripts

!!!!!!!Tartaria!!!!!!????Turda?????????? :

“These same ethnic groups will later appear in
continental Europe as the co-founders of the Proto-Celtic, Proto-Italic, Proto-Illyric
and Proto-Germanic ethnic groups. It now appears, judging from inscribed tablets
found in Israeli archaeological sites that the Philistine, as the Denen, were
originally Danubian Proto-Celts.
The Greek name Ταρτησσός, Tartessos, was coined from the Iberian place
name Turtha (from PIE root, *tur- < *tu̯er-, “to twirl, turn to grab, hold;” *tur-da,
“artificial mound, hill fort, oppidum,” and punning with torta, “wet, damp, place”).
It is of the same etymology as the Irish toponym Tara (from tura > turra > torra,
“knoll, hill, mound, earth heap”). The root element turd- is also found in the
names of surrounding Celtic Iberian ethnic groups such as the Turduli and
Turdetani. Judging from what wrote Strabo, Tartessos was called turdetania in
their language.
Strabo, in Geographica, Book III:
“From this river the country has received the name of Bætica; it is called
Turdetania by the inhabitants, who are themselves denominated Turdetani, and
Turduli. Some think these two names refer to one nation, while others believe
that they designate two distinct people. Of this latter opinion is Polybius, who
imagines that the Turduli dwell more to the north than the Turdetani. At the
present day however there does not appear to be any distinction between them.
These people are esteemed to be the most intelligent of all the Iberians; they
have an alphabet, and possess ancient writings, poems, and metrical laws six
thousand years old, as they say. The other Iberians are likewise furnished with an alphabet, although not of the same form, nor do they speak the same
language.”

 

Numai interpretarea ebraica mai lipsea…

April 26, 2019

…Intamplarea face ca azi este sambata, 27 Aprilie 2019, ajunul Pastilor………….    =======================================                                                                       Tablita rotunda de la Tartaria: https://cogniarchae.com/2015/10/29/tartaria-tablets-connection-between-vinca-and-proto-linear-b-script/

                                                                             In urma cu mai multi ani, m-a atras in mod special, si ca atare am inceput sa ma ocup prioritar de citirea jumatatii de sus, fiind atras de asemanarea  semnelor cu litere (relativ moderne).                                                                                                                           M-au preocupat semnele “H” ; “D/P” din stanga se cele D si O din dreapta.  ———————————————————————–                                                                                                         Daca semnul “H” este identic cu litera veche ebraica “het”.                                             Din The Ancient Hebrew Alphabet
By Jeff A. Benner http://www.ancient-hebrew.org/alphabet_letters_hhet.html

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Early hebrew letter Hhet:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Din  Gezer Calendar – Agricultural Almanachttp://www.lavia.org/english/archivo/GezerEN.html                 Vedeti in fiecare rand, (citire dr>stg.),la inceput yrh= yarach=”LUNA” 

  Din http://aplaceofbrightness.blogspot.com/2008/11/moonlight-in-romania-tartaria-tablets_21.html                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         HP par a fi literele vechi ebraice Heth/Chet si Qof  , deci H-P=Kh-Q= COKH, kokh (indiferent daca citim de la stg.>dr. sau de la Dr>Stg!)                                                            Din  https://www.cram.com/flashcards/hebrew-letters-focus-israel-2253556                                                                                      kokh:”nisa,locsor”                                                                                                                               Din The Ossuary of James – The Nazarene Way https://www.thenazareneway.com/ossuary_of_james.htm                                       “The ossuary was then placed in a niche (loculi or kokh) area of the burial cave”                  <<daca ar fi literele Het-Dalet, ar putea fi primele litere ale cuvantului KODESH=”sfant”      WORD STUDY – HOLY – Chaim Bentorah http://www.chaimbentorah.com/2013/08/word-study-holy/                                                  Aug 13, 2013 – I have found a meaning for the word kodesh (holy)>> 

    Remains of Ancient Days – LA Times https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-1997-02-27-ca-33395-story.html                                                                                                                      “Bodies were first placed in a kokh–a deep, narrow cave–or on an … dead were collected and put into an ossuary, a large, usually lidded stone box.”                                 Atentie,                                                                                                                                                 la Tartaria avem de-a face cu osuar, oase care prezinta caracteristicile unui ritual de ingropare secundara a lor (“secondary burial”)                                                                           ————————————————                                                                                                         (?? KOKHAION <?>KOGAION =”nisa,locsorul,mormantul Vesnic??)                                       ——————————————————————————                                                                 Pana mai ieri, aveam convingerea ca in scrierile canaanita si ebraica nu s-a folosit deloc semnul D ci numai sub forma triunghiulara, gen delta.                                               Ca relativ recent sa aflu ca s-a folosit forma “D                                                                      Din http://cryptcracker.blogspot.com/2010/03/qeiyafa-ostracon-inscription-this-large.html

QEIYAFA OSTRACON INSCRIPTION (cca. 1000 B.C.)

                                                                                  [1] ‘ L T ` Sh  [Q] W? ` B D ‘ [L?] :  Z/T? H/Y?

[2] Sh P Tt . B W ‘ L M  [? ] [Sh] P Tt

[3] G L [Y/W?] [ T?] B ` L  S?  R? H/S? [ ]  Y?

[4] ‘ [ Q] M W N  Q? M Y B/Kh? D M L K .

[5] ‘ Q w/y M ` B D m? sh/m? Y : Ss? D Q T                                                                                  Notice that the direction of writing is from left to right (dextrograde), which is the opposite of the order for Biblical Hebrew, and also for ancient Phoenician, Hebrew, and Moabite inscriptions (right to left, sinistrograde); but there is general agreement that this is the way this text runs. The pattern for this is set in the Izbet Sartah ostracon: it also has 5 lines of text; the fifth has the letters of the script (from ‘Aleph to T) running from left to right, and the other 4 lines are obviously dextrograde also (lines1 to 3 leave a space at the end; 4 runs over into the end-space of 5).
However, Christopher Rollston has said on rollstonepigraphy.com:
Prior to the rise of the Phoenician script, Northwest Semitic inscriptions could be written sinistrograde (right to left), dextrograde (left to right), or boustrophedon (one line left to right, and the next line right to left).  Of course, sometimes NWS inscriptions could even be written vertically.  Many people seem to be reading the Qeiyafa ostracon as dextrograde in its entirety.  ……………………….                                         There is a pantheon leaping out at us in the same way: the storm-god Baal (B`L) in line 3, the mysterious Molek (MLK) in 4, the mother goddess Elat (‘LT) in 1, the chief god El (‘L) or all the gods (‘LM) in line 2 ”                                                                                                       ———————————————————-                                                                                              In transcriptia textului, intentionat am colorat literele Ayin (ranscris cu accent grav ` ), Lamed si Dalet.                                                                                                                                       In secventa “DDoc” am putea avea semnele o=Aiyn (vezi alfabetul) si c =L (Lamed, Qeiyafa ostracon)                                                                                                                                  Aici se poate vedea mai bine Ayin: Din http://www.abrahamsdescendants.com/hebrew.html

                        ———————————————————                                                                                           D D C = Dalet, Dalet, =Ain?/s?,  Lamed ?                                                                                        D-D-  `/s- L? >> “DoD  `L“, DoD AL:               =          “uncle/BELOVED- AL  ” ;                      Atentie, in Tartaria, nu avem alef-lamed, AL:”EL, god El (‘L) ci ayin-lamed, OL=”AL”  

Transliteration dôd, dôd  Phonetics dode, dode                                                             1.beloved, love, uncle                                                                                                                          1a) loved one, beloved                                                                                                                   1b) uncle                                                                                                                                              1c) love (plural abstract)                                                                                                             =================   Nota   ==================================                                         – Numele Dumnezeu, EL se scrie folosind semnele Alif-Lamed, in transcriptie L  pentru ca alif nu este nici consoana nici vocala propriu-zisa, este un sunet surd. De ce se scrie cu Alif si nu se pronunta Al ci El , nu stiu sa va explic dar explicatia exista.                                                              ================================                                                                                   Interpretarea ar putea fi:                                                                                                           NISA,LOCSOR (SACRU) (…sau primele litere de la Cohen=”preot“?) si                              iubire,iubitul Al” ; Dar ce inseamna AL?, ca in mod normal,                                                   (al) – Means on as in “on top of”. It can also mean “about

https://www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/hebrew/nas/al-3.html                                             AL :”upon, on the ground of, according to, on account of, on behalf of, concerning, beside, in addition to, together with, beyond, above, over, by, on to, towards, to, against ”                                                                                                                                                                      Nu stiu ce poate rezulta din aceasta asociere. Dar propun in schimb sa tinem cont de urmatoarele:

Abraham ,Isaac and Jacob never knew God under name Allah. – Ummah …https://www.ummah.com/…/316552-abraham-isaac-and-jacob-never-knew-god-under&#8230;<< The word Allyown is derived from the primary root ALAH as is also the word AL (ayin, lamed) which is also translated as “the Most High” in Hosea 7:16 and 11:7.     As such AL is an exact synonym for the “EL” (aleph, lamed) in “El Shaddai”.                  In fact that “El” should be spelled AL also since Aleph, the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet is equal to our A rather than E. You will notice that when one is careful to pronounce AL slowly and distinctly as the name of the MOST HIGH deserves it becomes phonetically A-L-L-A-H. So everywhere you see Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob use the Hebrew words AL (aleph, lamed) and Al (ayin, lamed) they are using the name ALLAH. >>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Explicatia folosirii semnului Ayin si nu Alef, consta in faptul ca scriitorul tablitei nu facea diferenta folosirea unui sunet similar apropiat. (“Getting into the mind of a writer of a text is always difficult”)

Din Hebrew Letter Ayin                                                                          https://www.cartoonhebrew.com/ayin                                                                                        “The letter is pronounced a lot like Alephmeaning that it only has the sound of whatever vowel goes … (al) – Means on as in “on top of”. It can also mean “about.”.

Din Does Hebrew have letters that make the same sound? – Quora   https://www.quora.com/Does-Hebrew-have-letters-that-make-the-same-sound               ” Yes, quite a lot actually. * Alef (א) and Ayin (ע)—they mostly merged in the modern language. They were definitely distinct in ancient Hebrew: Alef was a glottal …

==================================

Din https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_God_in_Judaism”                                            “The name of God most often used in the Hebrew Bible is the Tetragrammaton (YHWH יהוה). It is frequently anglicized as Jehovah and Yahweh.. as “the Lord”  the divine name as too sacred to be uttered.  … Rabbinic Judaism describes seven names which are so holy that, once written, should not be erased: YHWH and six others which can be categorized as titles are El (“God“)…,

ACEASTA AR PUTEA FI EXPLICATIA FAPTULUI CA JUMATATEA DE SUS A TABLITEI ERA INACCESIBILA VEDERII SI DECI CITIRII, FIIND ACOPERITA DE TABLITA DREPTUNGHIULARA                                                                                                                      Este intamplator sau nu, numele divinitatii este inclus intr-un grup de 4 litere (“tetragrammaton”) ;(sau cu totul cuprinde numele, gen “DDou=Dzou, Dibos=Divos, Ddios”?)

NUMELE ZEITATII EL/YAHVE ERA SECRET SI NU PUTEA FI PRONUNTAT

“MONTES SERRORUM” and SERRI

April 25, 2019

In urmatoarele,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         – reafirm ipoteza avansata anterior de cercetatori conform careia  SERII erau un trib dacic din CAUCALAND=TRANSILVANIA si nu unul provenit din Caucaz                                                                                                    – Avansez ipoteza ca MONTES SERRORUM se refera la CARPATI si mai precis la MUNTII RETEZAT !                                                ===============================

 Din Storia d’Italia del medio-evo: De’ popoli barbari avanti la loro … https://books.google.ro/books?id=ymgtAAAAYAAJ

SERRI (Monti). Della Dacia di là dal Danubio. 1 Goti si riparano fra le loro inaccessibili gole de’Serri, perischi- var l’impeto di Valente. Augusto ( A.367 ) , p. 804.
Din https://archive.org/stream/OEnigmaSiUnMiracolIstoricPoporulRoman/O%20enigma%20si%20un%20miracol%20istoric-%20poporul%20roman_djvu.txt
Nu te poţi împiedica de a nu releva deosebirea dintre cele două 
migraţiuni: una sprijinită pe un text precis: rezumatul lui Eu- 
tropius, privind regiuni delimitate de geografia politică a impe- 
riului roman ; cealaltă întemeiată dimpotrivă pe tăcerea izvoarelor 
istorice, pe fapte de ordin linguistic şi urmând totuşi un itinerar 
mai complicat decât acel arătat de texte. E vorba într’adevăr de 
o adevărată călătorie în zig-zag a strămoşilor poporului român. 
« Daco-ilirieniî » ar fi străbătut întâi Banatul, ar fi ajuns în Transil- 
vania şi s’ar fi răspândit de acolo, printr’o nouă expansiune dela 
nord spre sud şi est, în Muntenia şi în Moldova. Dintre toate 
naţiunile deprinse a călători, Românii, enigma şi miracolul Evului 
Mediu, ar deţine astfel cu siguranţă recordul nestabilităţii teri- 
toriale ! .....................
Oare aceste rânduri au fost scrise de vre-un partizan îndârjit 
al continuităţii daco-romane, care ar refuza să se plece în faţa 
mărturiilor categorice ale izvoarelor ? Deloc ; ele privesc Alsacia 
după plecarea legiunilor şi instalarea definitivă a triburilor ger- 
manice pe malul drept al Rinului, care au cotropit din nou Galia, 
pentru a nu o mai părăsi, în primii ani ai secolului al V-lea. Ceea ce 
pare a dovedi că ipoteza unei retrageri a populaţiei rurale în pă- 
durile şi în munţii Daciei, în primii ani ai ocupaţiei barbare, nu 
ar fi aşa de absurdă, cu atât mai mult cu cât ea este dovedită chiar 
pentru unii cuceritori ; regele got Atanaric, în 376, s’a retras cu 
toţi ai săi în Caucaland, locum altitudine silvarum inaccessum et 
montium, pe care Sarmaţii tocmai îl părăsiseră şi care e identi- 
ficat azi cu unii munţi din Banat. încă din 367, Goţii se refugiau 
în Montes Serrorum, Carpaţii, în faţa înaintării ameninţătoare a 
legiunilor împăratului Valens. Mai înainte încă, în 323, împăratul 
Constantin a surprins dincolo de Dunăre pe o înălţime împădu- 
rită, în Muntenia, bandele lui Rausimod care tocmai pustiiseră 
Moesia superioară şi Tracia şi le-a silit să înapoieze locuitorii pe 
care-i luaseră cu sine l ). De altă parte, dacă populaţia civilă ră- 
masă în Dacia n’a lăsat urme epigrafice ale persistenţei sale de 
a locui ţinuturile cotropite, emigraţii instalaţi dincolo de Dunăre, 
în noua «Dacie », creată de Aurelian, după cum August stabilise 
odinioară Germanii pe malul drept al Rinului 2 ), nu au lăsat 
nici ei mai multe. Ceea ce ar face să se creadă că numărul lor nu 
a fost aşa de mare, după cum s’ar presupune în urma părăsirii 
totale a unei provincii de populaţia ei civilă şi militară.
Din Storia d’Italia del medio-evo: De’ popoli barbari avanti la loro … https://books.google.ro/books?id=ymgtAAAAYAA
SERRI (Monti). Della Dacia di là dal Danubio. 1 Goti si riparano fra le loro inaccessibili gole de’Serri, perischi- var l’impeto di Valente. Augusto ( A.367 ) , p. 804.

Din Three Problems of Historical Geography: Dafne, Montes Serrorum and Caucaland, “Études Balkaniques“, Sofia, 36, 2000, 3, p. 132-143 Alexandru Madgearu                       https://www.academia.edu/1305500/Three_Problems_of_Historical_Geography_Dafne_Montes_Serrorum_and_Caucaland_%C3%89tudes_Balkaniques_Sofia_36_2000_3_p._132-143

From https://theodora.com/encyclopedia/s/serros_seres.html                             SERES, Serros or Siros, chief town of a sanjak in the vilayet of Salonica, European Turkey, on Lake Takhino, a navigable expansion of the river Karasu or Struma (ancient Stryrnon), 43 m. by rail N.E. of Salonica. Pop. (1905) about 30,000, of whom about half are Bulgarians (one-third of them being Mussulmans), nearly one-fourth Greeks, about one-seventh Turks and the remainder Jews. Seres is built in a district so fertile as to bear among the Turks the name of Altin Ovassi, or Golden Plain, and so thickly studded with villages as to appear, when seen from the outliers of Rhodope on the north, like a great city with extensive gardens. It is the seat of a Greek archbishop and patriarch. It consists of the old town, Varosh, situated at the foot and on the slope of the hill crowned by the old castle, and of the new town built in the European fashion on the plain, and forming the commercial centre.

Seres is the ancient Seris, Sirae or Sirrhae, mentioned by Herodotus in connexion with Xerxes’s retreat, and by Livy as the place where Aemilius Paulus received a deputation from Perseus. In the 14th century, when Stephen Dushan of Servia assumed the title emperor of Servia, he chose Sirrhae as his capital; and it remained in the hands of the Servians till its capture by Sultan Murad II. (1421-1451).

Image from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salonica_Vilayet

From https://www.revolvy.com/page/List-of-ancient-Daco%252DThracian-peoples-and-tribes

======================================================                                         From https://www.nihilscio.it/Manuali/Lingua%20latina/Verbi/Coniugazione_latino.asp?verbo=serro%20&lang=EN_     

INDICATIVE Present meaning
ego serro I saw                                                    rom:  “eu fierastruiesc, tai cu fierastraul, ?RETEZ?

From http://www.dicolatin.com/FR/LAK/0/SERROS/index.htm                                                  SERRI, ORUM, m pl

accusatif pluriel SERROS
SERRI, ORUM, m pl
1 siècle après J.C.PLINIUS (Pline)
Serres n. m : peuple voisin du Caucase voir: Serres
SERRI,SERRO,SERRORUM MONTES :?”Muntii retezati, RETEZAT“?

————————————————————————————–                                                          From https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/herus                                    Noun herus m (genitive herī); second declension

  1. master of the house or family
  2. owner, proprietor
Case Singular Plural
Nominative herus herī
Genitive herī herōrum
Dative herō herīs
Accusative herum herōs
Ablative herō herīs
Vocative here herī

Synonyms dominus

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In upper half of Tartaria round tablet, From https://www.unmyst3.com/2012/10/tartaria-tablets.html

we could have: In “DDoC” sequence. sign “C”                                                                                                            In handwritten Greek during the Hellenistic period (4th and 3rd centuries BC), the epigraphic form of Σ was simplified into a C-like shape.[4] It is also found on coins from the fourth century BC onward.[5] This became the universal standard form of sigma during late antiquity and the Middle Ages. It is today known as lunate sigma (uppercase Ϲ, lowercase ϲ), because of its crescent-like shape

So, maybe  +++++ DDoc = Se/Si  RROS

Sirros HeRo :”DOMINUS SERRI?/CARPATHIANS?

P.S. Folosind alfabetul Sud-Vest Iberian (Tartessian) am putea avansa o posibila legatura intre tribul Burilor,Burebista si o populatie de factura Celtica.Dupa alfabetul Tartessian, HD=BUR                                                                                                                                                 In albaneza BURe=”sot,barbat”   si in basca/euscara BURU;”CAP”    (? BURE-BISTA~bure-vista=capetenie de vaza                                                                                      https://en.glosbe.com/en/sq/tail bisht=tail (probably tail as end)

Basque language – Wikipedia


 

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SERRI                                                                                                                                                       Avand in vedere ca SERRI au aparut pentru prima oara in Banat, avansez ipoteza ca acest trib ar putea proveni din zona Thesaliei,Thesalonic, Serres. Numele lor ar putea fi legat de Muntii Retezat, dar si de faptul ca este o populatie cumva “retezata” de locul de origine, SERES, Serros or Siros vechiul Seris, Sirae or Sirrhae                                                  P.S.                                                                                                                                                             – Nu ar fi exclus ca sa existe o legatura cu populatiile Epocii Brinzului timpuriu din aria Cicladelor, insula Syros/Siroos!                                                                                                              MONTES SERRORUM

-CAUCA-land se refera la Transilvania.CAUC inseamna “CAUS” si se refera la aria circumscrisa si inchisa de Carpati, depresiunea Transilvaniei.

(PDF) 35917843 Dacia Land of Transylvania | Ion Gheorghe …  https://www.academia.edu/4276122/35917843_Dacia_Land_of_Transylvania

In turn, the Sarmatians chased the IndoEuropean Scythians (Scythe Armed Men) ….. One of them was the Cauci/Chauci, so large and powerful a group that, for a period of time, some of the Carpathian Mountains were named the Caucaland..
http://www.archeus.ro/lingvistica/CautareDex?query=CAUC                               CAÚC^2, cauces.n. (Înv. și reg.) Căuș Latcaucus.
The word “caucus” has its roots in the Greek “Kaukos“.The word “Caucasian”, from the Greek “Kaukasious (equivalent to “Kaukos“+ ios adj. suffix) + -AN.”
Indo-European etymology : Query result
starling.rinet.ru/cgi-bin/response.cgi?root=config&morpho=0&basename…

 

 

Dar si pentru Munti Carpati, care reflecta aspectul zimtat  si astfel le-au atasat o denumire “MONTES SERRORUM”=”MUNTII RETEZATI“, denumirea actuala “MUNTII RETEZAT”

See: ELEMENTS OF CARPATHIANS GEOGRAPHY IN THE
OLD HISTORIC AND CARTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTS
Petru URDEA , Claudia URDEA** https://geografie.uvt.ro/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/08_Urdea.pdf                                                                                             For instance, on the map of Petrus Kaerius, a map called painting-map (Ziegenbalg,
1993), entitled “Vetus description Daciarum nec non Moesiarum” published in Hague in
1541, the Carpathians, “Carpathes Mons” appear both at west from the upper course of Tisa, “Tibiscus flu” and at east of the upper course of Olt, “Aluta flu”. It is interesting that the text ,,Serrorum montes, ardui et inacceßi, niƒi per quam peritis. Amen’’, (Ridged mountains, abrupt and inaccessible. Not even at least for skilled mans. Amen.) appears between Aluta flu (Olt river) and the mountains at west (Figure 3).

!!   Figure 3: Fragment of the Kaerius map (1541) 

Labyrinthos ?

April 17, 2019

Please see and compare: From Amanda Laoupi: the Pelasgians spiritual substratum of the Bronze Age Mediterranean and circum-Pontic world (4)

Cnossian coin depicting the Labyrinth with half moon or Venus’ horn symbol.
431-350 BCE (After Bilić, 2006, p. 43)

And Vinca: From http://oldeuropeanculture.blogspot.com/2016/12/newgrange.html

Also vinca; From https://www.slideshare.net/

From https://www2.uned.es/geo-1-historia-antigua-universal/ESCRITURAS_ANTIGUA/Escrituras_3__antiguas_BALKAN_DANUBE-SCRIPT.htm

                                                                                                              Neolithic “book” from Gradesnica, near Vraca, NW Bulgaria, early 5th mill. BC

Early minoan sign “labrys” of sumerian origin ?

April 17, 2019

 

We have the folowing sumerian proto-cuneiform labrys-like signs,

From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/signlists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html                          Sign AB~a “house,temple”                                                                                                  Another sumerian sign almost identical is the sign UNU Folowing you see the sign UD-UNU (sign UNU under sign UD:”sun”)                                                                                             From enenuru.proboards.com/                                                                                                      “The formula for a geographical name is this: DN+UNU This stands for – divine name + the sign UNU – . What is interesting to note is that these geographical names, for example UD+UNU (Larsa), or SHESH+UNU (Ur), seem to be direct adaptions of the Early protoliterate City Seals. This becomes clearer still when we note the cuneiform sign UNU, a part of the geographical names, (when flipped vertical) appears to be a direct adaption from the ‘base’ or ‘stand’ in the seals. It symbolises the abode of the deity, so UD+UNU, is the home of the Sun god, and the UNU is a part of his temple or ziggurat. And here we see the ePSD entry for unu as dwelling: “unu [DWELLING] (1511x: Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. unu6; unu2; unu “banquet; dining hall; the most sacred part of a temple; seat, throne; dwelling, domicile, abode; temple”

Sign ZAG~a  and ZAG~c 

s155239215.onlinehome.us/turkic/40_Language/SumerDictionaryEn.htm

 

————————————————————————————–                                                   From  https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Diachronic-change-in-sign-forms-between-Archanes-Script-AS001-and-Cretan-Hieroglyphic_fig11_328919412

We see, minoan sign, excepting the handle, is close to sumerian ZAG-sign.

MINOAN LABRYS SIGNS WERE FOUND IN MANY PLACES (caves) WHERE WORSHIP RITUALS WERE PERFORMED.                                                                                                      Labrys signs and double-headed axes (labrys) made of gold and bronze, were found in caves where rituals for an astral-Goddess A-SA-SA-RA were performed and also in the Bull-God/Minotauros and King Minos palace.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I AM NOT SURE IN WICH MEASURE LABRYS WAS AN ICON OF DIVINITY AND POWER OR WAS A PLACE-MARK OF THE GODDES or KING(MINOS)/SUN-GOD-BULL SHRINE, PALACE AND PLACE, “LABYRINTHOS”                                                                                    Remember that above-described ssumerian signs were related to:                                            –  abode,temple (AB,UNU) and to                                                                                                     –  shine of metals (ZAG)                                                                                                                  IN FACT SIGN LABRYS WAS                                                                                                                 – related to”LADY OF THE LABYRINTH” and her  SHRINE (A-DI-KI-TE    DA-PU-RI-TO-YO(LABURYINTHOS)                                                                                                                           – the sign itself depicts the phisical object, the metal double-axe/LABRYS                         So if not had a direct sumerian origin,                                                                                      IT IS EVIDENT A RELATION EITHER OF SHAPE AND OF MEANINGS BETWEEN SUMERIAN SIGNS AN LABRYS

Note                                                                                                                                                          I remark that no other best or close analisis/aproach on the early Aegean “labrys sign” possible origin and coresponding  meaning exist, or was made by anybody else. ( eg. compare with Mrs. G.PAPAKITSOS & I.KENANIDIS similar approaches)

===========================================                                                               Minoan sign could had at the origin the sumerian proto-cuneiform signs, but as well could emerged independently, or rather BOTH HAD AT THE ORIGIN THE SHAPE OF THE ORION CONSTALATION , wich for both civilisations was related to archaic hunter/fighter so an icon of power ! (same at egyptians Usir(Osiris)/god-Sirius/star-Orion/constellation relation.                                                                                                                                                 Not “maybe” but sure, the story begins in time of the paleolithic hunter-gatherers, falowed by the shepperd-hero, but from the start maintaining a continous relation with the sky and stars so these personages being in same time astral deities.

From O R I O N: THE ETERNAL RISE OF THE SKY HUNTER http://www.andrewcollins.com/page/articles/Orion.htm

<< This small plate, made of mammoth tusk and just 38 millimeters (1.5 inches) in length, 14 millimeters (0.55 inches) in width, and 4.5 millimeters (0.18 inches) in thickness, was found in the Geißenklösterle Cave in the Ach Valley of southern Germany (see fig. 1). Carved into its surface is a human figure, thought to be male, his arms raised above his head and his right leg extended as if about to walk. Dr Michael Rappenglück, an expert in ancient astronomies with the University of Munich, believes the tiny panel shows an abstract image of the Orion constellation (Whitehouse, 2003, and Pettitt, 2003). The figure’s slim waist and “sword,” which hangs between the figure’s slightly parted legs, one shorter than the other, appears to confirm this conclusion. Rappenglück proposes that the carved image is a depiction of Orion as the sky hunter. On the panel’s reverse are 84 mysterious notches, pecked out with a sharp instrument. These might easily signify the number of days in three complete lunar months, each of 28 days in length, linking the panel perhaps with the female menstrual cycle, and even human pregnancy. Yet Rappenglück goes further, suggesting that the 84 notches mark the total number of days the Orion star Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis), remained visible in the sky around 32,000 years ago. If Rappenglück is correct, we have in this panel not only one of the oldest known representations of the human form, but also the first “star chart” in human history.>>                                                                                                                                        Fig. 1. Small ivory plate found in the Geißenklösterle Cave in the Ach Valley of southern Germany, thought to show the figure of Orion in his role as the sky hunter.

From The oldest representations of the Orion constellation. http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread1017579/pg1

From Orion Constellation Myths of Sumer, Babylon and Egypt http://www.astronomytrek.com/orion-constellation-myths-of-sumer-babylon-and-egypt/

Earliest story concerning Orion was recorded by the Sumerians who ruled the southernmost region of Mesopotamia, or the land lying between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates. To this urban civilization, the constellation represented their hero Gilgamesh, whose exploits were immortalised in the first surviving piece of heroic literature called the Epic of Gilgamesh. While records point to Gilgamesh being a historical king who ruled over the Sumerian city of Uruk in southern Mesopotamia sometime between 2700 and 2500 BC, the mythology describes Gilgamesh as a demigod possessing superhuman strength whose great accomplishments assured his divine status amongst his subjects.

Amongst Gilgamesh’s many great deeds was ordering the city walls of Uruk to be built, and wrestling with the wild man, Enkidu, representing the natural world, who was sent by the gods to humble him. Following a fierce battle, they became great friends, and enjoyed many adventures together, including killing Gugalanna, the Bull of Heaven, who had been unleashed by the supreme god Anu to kill Gilgamesh after an appeal by his daughter the goddess Inanna (Akkadian: Ishtar) whose affections Gilgamesh had spurned. The Sumerians subsequently honored the struggle by depicting Gilgamesh in the celestial heavens as the constellation of URU AN-NA (“the light of heaven”) fighting a bull, identified as the modern nearby constellation of Taurus. Amongst the attributes ascribed to the constellation of URU AN-NA was a bow in Gilgamesh’s left hand, an axe in his right, and a sword hanging from his belt.          …………………………………………

The ancient Egyptians believed that the gods descended from the three stars of Orion’s Belt, and the bright star Sirius in Canis Major. Orion was originally regarded as the god Sah (Sahu), the “father of the gods”, with Orion’s Belt imagined as a crown upon his head, while the star Sirius was his wife Sopdet (Sothis), a fertility goddess whose earliest depictions were either as a reclining cow with a flower between its horns, or as a woman wearing a tall crown adorned with a five-pointed star.

Sah and Sopdet were later syncretized with the deities Osiris and Isis, and while the appearance of Sirius (Isis) rising with the Sun (heliacal rising) around the time of the summer solstice following a 70 day absence heralded the flooding of the Nile and thus the start of the agricultural year, the appearance of the three “king-stars” of Osiris (Orion) at night after a similarly absent period, before pointing to Isis, signified the flooding’s end around the time of the winter solstice.

The constellations associated with Osiris and Isis showed the deities standing on their separate celestial boats, both with human appearances, but with Osiris having green skin and a false plaited beard. Osiris was the deity in charge of death, the afterlife, and reincarnation, and the Kings Chamber in the Great Pyramid of Giza, completed around 2560 BC, was built with its southern air shaft pointing towards Orion’s Belt as a celestial marker for the pharaoh who would unite with Osiris in the afterlife and inherit eternal life. Incidentally, its northern shaft aligns with the circumpolar stars, where his soul would ascend to the celestial realm of the indestructible, undying stars that never set, a perfect destination for a king’s soul.

From Amanda Laoupi: the Pelasgians spiritual substratum of the Bronze Age Mediterranean and circum-Pontic world (4)                                                             http://www.q-mag.org/amanda-laoupi-the-pelasgians-spiritual-substratum-of-the-bronze-age-mediterranean-and-circum-pontic-world-4.html

 

<< Thus, the author estimates that the labrys was mainly a Moon/Venus symbol, representing both the female elements of chthonic prehistoric cults of the Great Mother Goddess, and the destructive powers of cosmic and natural phenomena, later transformed into a dual archetype like the ankh, symbolizing the wholeness of the Cosmos and of human nature (Nikolaidou, 1994: symbol of dualities like male/female, nature/culture, Earth/Sky).
On the other hand, the author agrees with the amazing hypothesis which has been made by Henriksson and Blomberg (2011, p. 65) naming Orion/Sirius as the Minoan constellation of the Double-Axe! This fact could explain the strong correlation of the Moon/Venus with Sirius.

=The hypothesized Minoan double axe on 21 September 2000 BCE, at 23.23 local mean solar time, at Knossos, when Sirius became visible above the Ailias ridge. The center of the door of the Central Palace Sanctuary is at azimuth 100° (http://minoanastronomy.mikrob.com/ fig. 5).After Henriksson and Blomberg, 2011, p.65=

The double-axe was, also, correlated with the ‘horns of consecration’, often being the symbol of Poseidon, the ‘Earth-Shaker’ or of Zeus with his thunderbolts (Evans, 1901, p. 107; Castleden, 1990, p. 130, pp. 135-136; Haysom, 2010). Moreover, in the ancient Anatolian and Mesopotamian myths, the great goddess had a male companion in the form of a tree or a bull, e.g. Kybele-Attis, Ishtar-Tammuz, Aphrodite-Adonis (Evans, 1901; Nilsson, 1950, pp. 400-404 and Figs. 56, 61, 71-73). This youthful god was also depicted with goddesses on the tree-shrine scenes of Minoan seals, having a central position in the Minoan religion as a male fertility god, a ‘Year-Spirit’ (Castleden 1995, pp. 125-26). The sacred tree, the sacred bull, the young male ‘Year-Spirit’ were part of a general symbolism. Thus, according to one version of symbolic decipherment, the Cretan Dionysos/Adonis, the Minoan & Mycenaean Poseidon/Poteidan, and the deity of double axes may all have been expressions of the same Minoan god, who could have been the male partner of a Minoan female solar deity (Evans, 1901, p. 168; Evans, 1930, pp. 457-458; Castleden, 1990, p. 129). On the other hand, the priests at Delphi were called ‘labryades’. Other researchers (Cook, 1914; MacGillivray, 2004, p. 332) interpret the double-axe as the symbolic marriage of solar and lunar calendars, which produce Asterios (the knowledge of the starry sky’s periodicities).   …………………….>>

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Note                                                                                                                                                      On the Tartaria oblong tablet with hole, picture:                                           https://www.dacoromania-alba.ro/nr27/cultura_si_civilizatiile_la_tartaria.htm

cultura_si_civilizatiile_la_tartaria_03                                                              We have 2 signs (lowest row, 2nd and last signs) wich are  both close to sumerian sign ZAG but in my opinion much close to sumerian signs AB and UNU/UNUG.                           In this case signs are not related much to labrys but to BOUNDARY, DWELLING, TEMPLE, ABODE. (Same opinion has bulgarian assirologist R.Kolev) ===============================

From Orion (constellation) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orion_(constellation)

Orion is a prominent constellation located on the celestial equator and visible throughout the world. It is one of the most conspicuous[1]and recognizable constellations in the night sky.[2] It was named after Orion, a hunter in Greek mythology. Its brightest stars are the supergiants: blue-white Rigel (Beta Orionis) and red Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis).

The earliest depiction linked to the constellation of Orion is a prehistoric (Aurignacianmammoth ivory carving found in a cave in the Ach valley in West Germany in 1979. Archaeologists estimate that it was fashioned approximately 32,000 to 38,000 years ago.

Ancient Near East

The Babylonian star catalogues of the Late Bronze Age name Orion MULSIPA.ZI.AN.NA,[note 1] “The Heavenly Shepherd” or “True Shepherd of Anu” – Anu being the chief god of the heavenly realms.[6]

In ancient Egypt, the stars of Orion were regarded as a god, called Sah. Because Orion rises before Sirius, the star whose heliacal rising was the basis for the Solar Egyptian calendar, Sah was closely linked with Sopdet, the goddess who personified Sirius. The god Sopdu is said to be the son of Sah and Sopdet. Sah is syncretized with Osiris, while Sopdet is syncretized with Osiris’ mythological wife, Isis. In the Pyramid Texts, from the 24th and 23rd centuries BC, Sah is one of many gods whose form the dead pharaoh is said to take in the afterlife.

Greco-Roman antiquity

Orion’s current name derives from Greek mythology, in which Orion was a gigantic, supernaturally strong hunter of ancient times,[11] born to Euryale, a Gorgon, and Poseidon (Neptune), god of the sea in the Graeco-Roman tradition.

Asian antiquity

In China, Orion was one of the 28 lunar mansions Sieu (Xiu) (宿). It is known as Shen (參), literally meaning “three“, for the stars of Orion’s Belt. (See Chinese constellations)                                                                                                                                     The Rig Veda refers to the Orion Constellation as Mriga (The Deer).[16] It is said that two bright stars in the front and two bright stars in the rear are The hunting dogs, the one comparatively less bright star in the middle and ahead of two front dogs is The hunter and three aligned bright stars are in the middle of all four hunting dogs is The Deer (The Mriga) and three little aligned but less brighter stars is The Baby Deer. =======================================

Image, “Harappan seal” https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRToMSHOPcst4tIFUgy53GANQssbtaRO8fYzmvfsSTRYvLnzu1P

Image result for indus script metal ingot

 

From Bronze-age glyphs and writing in ancient Near East: Two cylinder seals from Sumer http://bharatkalyan97.blogspot.com/2013/04/bronze-age-glyphs-and-writing-in.html

                                                                Impressions of two cylinder seals (Sumer) and glyph of ‘ingot’. The person at the feet of the eagle-winged person carries a (metal) dagger on his left-hand, clearly demonstrating the link with this metalware catalog.