H’s signs on Göbekli Tepe

These signs are present in relatively large numbers. The problem of their meaning has been debated before and is still. I had a suggestion of approaching especially the sign H on pillar 18 (see picture below) with the Sumerian proto-cuneiform sign PA. The sumerian meaning of sign is related to life:

Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian Language Pagewww.sumerian.org › sumerian << Sumerian lexicon has benefitted from several c … (ńiš)pa: leaf, bud, sprout; branch; wing; feather >>

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is PA~a.jpg

This “leaf, sprout, branch” are good bedfellows. with basic sign T:”will to live”. Sign Pa is composed of elementary signs PAP

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is PAP~a@t.jpg
Sumerian Lexicon – IS MUNIis.muni.cz › jaro2013 › PAPVB_13 › Halloran_version_3 The Sumerian lexicon has benefitted from several classes … pab, pap, pa4: father; brother; man; leader [PAP]

From https://www.ancient-origins.net/opinion/secret-gobekli-tepe-cosmic-equinox-and-sacred-marriage-part-1-002861 << We see also ambiguous symbols on some pillars. In addition to “”H” and “I” symbols, several sun and moon symbols were found engraved on some pillars, revealed Schmidt. The sun and moon signs which were engraved on the Temple D center pillars are quite remarkable. The moon is depicted as crescent, and the sun is portrayed with a cavity in its center. Some of these symbols will undoubtedly be vital to solving the secrets of Göbeklitepe. …..Sidharth also thinks the “H” sign on one of the center pillars symbolizes the Orion constellation. …. According to Schmidt, however, the H-like sign characterizes the male and female relationship [8]. When examined closely, it does seem a kind of relationship between two individuals: both thrusting out their hands to one another >> I relied on the fact that a number of G.T.’s signs were probably used later in the Middle East as pictograms, long before the advent of proto-writing. Otherwise the signs have a history that has no end back in time. I was not fully satisfied and now I resume the problem. Very interesting is the fact that I made the approach of this sign with the constellation Orion and with the fact that it could be a ligature of two Tau signs, but to my surprise I found that others did it as well.

Image result for gobekli tepe "orion"

Andrew Collins
Gobekli Tepe’s Cosmic Blueprint Revealed Creator: Andrew Collins 

I had the stubborn idea to see if the Sumerians used two Tau signs somewhere. The T sign meaning “ME” .I searched to see if sumerians used two ME signs. I found only in their writing, one sign folowing another.In monuments I haven’t found them ligated yet.

From New deciphering of Gobekli Tepe http://a9414495.eu5.org/origin/gobekli.html

New decoding of Gobekli Tepe temple

I consider all the hypotheses to be virtually valid. But in the first part I will explain my “me-me” hypothesis and in the second part I will present the opinions of others. MY HYPOTHESIS: 2T=H= “ME-ME”

From http://www.saradistribution.com/oldesttempleofworld.htm

The Oldest Temple in the World - Xirabresk, girê navokê, göbeklitepe

From http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull

Wayne Herschel - Author - The Hidden Records - discovered 35 ancient star  map cases around the world showing human origins from one of three sun  stars near the Pleiades

Here the same opinion as mine, that H is formed by two connected Tau’s…. but not connect further with Me, as being MeMe. From same ancientorigins.net, Cosmic Power of the Shaman and Symbols at Göbekli Tepe – Part II https://www.ancient-origins.net/opinion-guest-authors/cosmic-power-shaman-and-symbols-g-bekli-tepe-part-ii-005194 << The H Symbol One of the highly disputed symbols is the H-like symbol (and also “( H )” symbol) which is seen carved on  Enclosure D pillars. Some say this symbol emblematizes the Orion constellation. I think this is not true. Because, besides the “H “symbol, there is an “I-like” symbol, which can define as slanted “H”. Both of them are not related to Orion. To provide some intriguing and factual meanings based on cultural and archaeological datas: “H” symbol is not only a monolith symbol itself. It consists of two parts, which we can define as Tau. We encounter the same “H” symbol in Utah petroglyphs which are made by Anasazis. Indeed, we see the complete “( H )” symbol. Here the “H” symbol is not alone. On both sides there are other symbols. https://www.ancient-origins.net/sites/default/files/Utah-petroglyphs.jpg Ray Urbaniak interprets the “H” symbol to mean double T shapes. Two T shapes butted together form a double T. He also says that Tau represents half of which is in the spiritual world. So, we can imagine that the “H” symbol consists of two Tau symbols. In my opinion, both of the side symbols next to “H” symbol represent the rising and setting sun. This tripartite character matches a verbal expression of mythological ideas about the three states of sun throughout the day (or moon throughout the night). The Ancient Egyptian god says: I am Khepra in the morning, I am Ra at noon, I am Atum in the evening—the names of deities that represent the sun in its various states. The I Symbol The “I” symbol of ancient Mexican mythology not only exhibits a single Tau of two forms, but in different positions, as well as two double-headed figures joined in one, which illustrates the duality, above and below, or heaven and earth. >> ….”above and below”, the same opinion as mine, eugenrau

You see better the ligated Tau’s better in G.T.’s “I” signs, from folowing picture: http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull or from https://i.pinimg.com/564x/5c/d1/94/5cd194173a978386122812f338d685e8.jpg

Wayne Herschel - Author - The Hidden Records - discovered 35 ancient star  map cases around the world showing human origins from o… | The pleiades,  Star map, Ancient

eugenrau: The doubling of icons is evident in the existence of twoo, pair double main pillars of G.T.’s oldest ones, layer A. If Tau shape could be the relation to life and divine, two Tau’s is making a new symbol; what could it mean? Suppose the double divine aspect: relation with earthen life and with the sky. So possible entire univers known by them. Only some hundred years human realised that the sky has a depth. Until then was imagined as a cover of Earth, where above T’s horizontal upper line. So T is relation of life with the sky and divine and upside down T the relation of life with the Earth.

But there is a Goddess Meme: List of Mesopotamian deities – Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_Mesopotamian… <<Deities in ancient Mesopotamia were almost exclusively anthropomorphic. They were thought … Both the Sumerian and Akkadian languages contain many words to express the … Ninkarrak, Meme, Bau, and Ninisina, is the Mesopotamian goddess of healing and the divine patroness of doctors and medicine-workers.>>

==== EARLY DIVINITY SIGN > later> GOD SIGN ? ========

Image result for gobekli tepe pillar 18

From World’s First Known Written Word at Göbekli Tepe on T-Shaped Pillar 18 Means God Manu Seyfzadeh, Robert Schoch Institute for the Study of the Origins of Civilization, College of General Studies, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA https://www.scirp.org/html/1-1140123_90367.htm?fbclid=IwAR1kPHutMJikYFQzqFqkiI5-QIx_aKfA5-oB2_LoBOVksqVAPe5C64HjyFs << We examined if H-shaped carvings in relief on some of these pillars might have a symbolic meaning rather than merely depicting an object of practical use. On Pillar 18 in Enclosure D, for example, one such “H” is bracketed by two semi-circles. An almost identical symbol appears as a logogram in the now extinct hieroglyphic language of the Bronze Age Luwians of Anatolia and there it meant the word for god”. Further supporting a linguistic connection between Luwian hieroglyphs and images at Göbekli Tepe are to date untranslated Luwian symbols resembling the T-shape iconography of Göbekli Tepe and an H-like symbol which was the Luwian word for “gate.>>

Laroche #360 Luwian hieroglyph denoting "god". From Laroche (1960: p. 187).

eugenrau: Beeing Gate to the Universe, or Universe icon, that icon was used to adorn different stone elements, so used in different orientations. By no way we are expecting sumerians to accurately copy G.T.’s icons, so no wonder do not find this one in sumerian.

========================= From www.researchgate.net › publication Rezultate de pe web (PDF) Ancient Near Eastern Gods Enki and Ea: Diachronical … Enki-Ninki Deities and the God Enki in Old- Sumerian Sources 46. 3.5. Enki in Old- Sumerian … ME.ME the me-s. dEN.KI (of? / to?) Ea. AL6.

From www.jstor.org › stable The Accounts of the Origin of Writing from Sumer, Egypt and China – JStor me me available, first to gods, and then through them to the human world. So, if me are of divine origin, we have to admit that “the scribal art

From babylonian-collection.yale.edu › …PDF The Exaltation of Inanna, by William W. Hallo and J. J. A. van Dijk. Yale … true that the colophons of Sumerian and Akkadian literary series-which correspond to the … R-imin-bi, 5: “totality of me’s“; me-zi, 60. me-zu

From ore.ac.uk › download › pdfPDF Nippur Bibliography – CORE 1 ian. 1992 — Barton, G. A. Sumerian Business and Administrative … Zettler, R. L. ” The Genealogy of the House of Urme-me: A Second …

From krieger2.jhu.edu › pdf › jcooper “Enlil and Namzitara” Reconsidered [“Enlil and Namzitara”] is a Sumerian variation of a well-known theme, … The Genealogy of the House of Ur-Me-me: a Second Look. AfO 31:.

From hal.archives-ouvertes.fr › doc…PDF Masters’ Writings and Students’ Writings: School Material in … – HAL 7 apr. 2015 — learning cuneiform writing, Sumerian vocabulary and grammar, … The [ texts] in Sumerian and Akkadian, from A-A ME- ME.

From etheses.bham.ac.uk › eprintPDF Stealing the Enemy’s Gods: An Exploration of the Phenomenon of … accompanied by recitations of incantations in Sumerian and Akkadian; the incantations and the ritual … 23. me-me-ni ina IGI LUGAL

From etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk › cgi-bin › etcsl The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature … udun-mah-e du8-a-zu. 20. zar gu2-nida-am3 si sa2-sa2-am3. 21. munu4 sahar jar-ra a sig9- ga-zu. 22. ur me-me nam gam-gam-ma-am3Ai trimis Azi la 12:45escholarship.org › content Rezultate de pe web UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Death …

From eScholarship.org The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature, Black … me-me) noble guard (gam-gam- ma-am3) it even from the potentates (?)” ( ETCSL …

From www.researchgate.net › publication (PDF) Ancient Near Eastern Gods Enki and Ea: Diachronical … Enki-Ninki Deities and the God Enki in Old- Sumerian Sources 46. 3.5. Enki in Old- Sumerian … ME.ME the me-s.

If in the Sumerians there is the sign and the notion of ME, they refer to the fact that there were and used more, a lot of ME. The multitude of knowledge, their totality represents their knowledge about the whole Universe, the terrestrial one, and the celestial one, totally being worthy of a deep admiration and respect, such a divine invoice.

================================ OTHER OPINIONS REGARDING GOBEKLI TEPE H’s.

From https://ttlawson.com/in-plain-sight-the-identity-of-the-twin-pillars-of-gobekli-tepe/ << Figures such as the “O”,”C”, and “H” are pictograms or ideograms: pictorial signs for something of broader import; they might more recognizably be called, in the digital age, icons. There seem to have been but few pictograms deployed at Göbekli Tepe.  …… ….Dietrich treats the “H” and “C” pictograms as being of the same order as the bucranium, recognizing therefore that the bucranium is present on the pillar as a pictogram or icon.  … ….There is little doubt that the bucrania at Göbekli Tepe are symbols, if not of the bull, then nevertheless bull symbols in some sense. Let’s focus therefore on the “H,” the “O,” and the “C.” They appear as a set at the throat of the pillar paired with the bull pillar in enclosure D. On the belt of that pillar the “C” and “H” motif also appears. I have found both configurations to be drawn from the night sky and to represent the moon. By contrast to this pillar, the belt of the bucranium pillar is blank.

…. At the throat of that pillar, it takes the form of the full and crescent phases of the moon, in association with the “H” figure. And, on the belt of that pillar, what I see as the waxing and waning stages of the crescent moon are carved, embracing the “H.” As noted, there is no corresponding marking on the belt of the bucranium pillar. Finally, the crescent moon symbol appears in conjunction with the “H” on one of the smaller pillars of Enclosure C, and there the “H” also appears separately.One fact is particularly striking. These four figures, the circle “O” with the “C” and the “H”; the paired “C’s” with the “H”; the “H” alone, and the bucranium are quite possibly the only pictograms on the entire site. And they are replicated throughout the site, and in several configurations. Conclusion No one thought up the goddess or the bull, or thought to put them together in a singularly strange pairing; the two simply materialized in the evolutionary play of chance and circumstance that brought about the miracle of the human mind. One begins with the earliest evidenced milieu of thought — a magical realm of spirit, rooted in life’s implicit interplay between life and death. From that emerged the figure of a goddess, associated with both birth and death and balancing the two. An affront to her sanctity meant death to the living. The bull, her masculine counterpart, was also her sacrificial victim. The complementary emblems strategically placed at the necks of Göbekli Tepe’s paired central pillars all but of necessity specify the pillars’ respective identities. One pictogram, the bucranium, is unmistakably the symbol of a bull. The symbol at the neck of the other depicts the full and crescent stages of the moon. The moon, owing to the correspondence between the cycles of women and the moon, vouches a feminine aspect for this pillar. As if to underscore the point, the artisans added crescent moon symbols on the belt of the pillar and elsewhere. The evidence is perforce circumstantial — one cannot look into the Neolithic mind — but, taken all together, the circumstances fit into a coherent whole warranting the conclusion that behind the ritual activities of Göbekli Tepe lay the woman and the bull — the divine pair that carried forward into the Bronze Age religions of Mesopotamia. ================================= Anatolii I. Kharchenko New deciphering of Gobekli Tepe http://a9414495.eu5.org/origin/gobekli.html sais: <<On the belt, the alternating symbols C and H. C are the image of the new moon, H is the symbol of the sexual act (vertical sticks are man and woman, the horizontal stigma is the male’s organ, and H is the symbol of the man and woman associated in the sexual act).
The woman’s hands are pressed to the bottom of the belly and indicate the place of concentration of her attention. During pregnancy – it’s a child in the belly and caring for him, during intercourse – the center of sensuality and attention.
On the front of the belt there are 2 H symbols in the normal position and 3 H symbols in the rotated (lying) position. Ordinary H symbolizes the sexual act in standing pose, lying H – the sexual actin in lying pose. Image of a fox on a woman’s torso. This is the symbol of sexual intercourse on the body. It is a symbol of sex as the main action that is dominant for this woman and in this place. This is the power of the given goddess H and the strength of specific Neolithic women who being the most skilful in sex in their tribe, first served as the image for the goddess H and for the pillar 18, and later they were priestesses and servants of this goddess. Pillar 18 embodies female sex, childbirth and is its symbol in general.
The symbol H is like a pendant on a necklace on the neck of a woman. It is a symbol of sex as the meaning of this woman’s life. This H on the necklace differs from the other H in that it has two connecting sticks instead of one. The upper stick is a kiss, the lower one is the sexual intercourse or the connected hands. This is already a symbol of not only sex, but also love as a social and emotional phenomenon. Where did this knowledge and these skills come to the goddess H from? This is an even more complicated question, the answer to which is approximately the same as the question of how Newton discovered the law of gravitation. God the Creator gave it to her at the right time.
2. Pillar 31 of Eclosure D, which stands next to the goddess H. This is her husband or her man.>> From In Plain Sight: The identity of the Twin Pillars of Göbekli Tepe Thomas T. Lawson https://ttlawson.com/in-plain-sight-the-identity-of-the-twin-pillars-of-gobekli-tepe/

Göbekli Tepe

<< The figure there appears to combine basic forms that are mimicked in three letters as shown in Figure 1. The uppermost is the shape of an “H”. Directly below it is a circle “O” figure, and directly below that, a “C”, lying on its back. I suggest that the latter two images, the “O” and the recumbent “C” represent, respectively, the full and crescent phases of the moon. As they are carved, they fit this interpretation cleanly. The moon, by reason of the facts that the lunar cycle parallels the menstrual cycle and that lunar rhythms imply birth and renewal, and hence motherhood, is associated with the feminine at the deepest levels of the human imagination. I venture that, as with the “O” and the “C,” the “H” also represents a celestial figure, and furthermore that a likely candidate would be Orion — a highly visible and widely recognized constellation. Orion can be visualized as an “H.” A row of three bright stars, the readily identifiable “Orion’s belt,” would constitute the crosspiece, with the four most brilliant stars in the constellation serving in pairs as the uprights, forming, roughly in parallel, two imaginary straight lines.

There have been a number of technical interpretations of celestial configurations having to do with Göbekli Tepe, many with respect to the positioning of the structures themselves in relation to heavenly events. These have support in the orientation of Stonehenge and other Stone Age monuments in respect to the solstices. My finding the “H” of the moon emblem to stand for Orion is of a different sort, but it does present a perplexity having to do with the time and place of the observer. As it happens, owing to the precession of the equinoxes, in 9000 BC Orion would have been visible in the southern sky at Göbekli Tepe only from the belt up. This, need not necessarily, however, stand in the way of the interpretation. The constellation would have been visible in full in southern Mesopotamia. And there had come into play in the late Upper Paleolithic and Neolithic high levels of intergroup communication and interchange over the whole of the region: “This was a highly connected world. There were multiple channels of communication along which a symbolic repertoire could have spread and been renewed” (Hodder and Meskell, 2011, p. 259). It is therefore by no means implausible that the constellation in full might have become a fixture in the human imagination throughout the region, even though Orion was visible in full in only part of it. Moreover, such a bright and distinctive figure in the night sky as Orion would invite interpretation. Consider that someone today, looking up at Orion, would not, without its being in some way explained, readily conjure up the image of a mighty hunter. That the constellation is seen as such, however, supplies a further ground for the idea of Orion here: Orion is portrayed in myth as a hunting companion of the Great other goddess Artemis — whose emblem was the crescent moon — and who was also goddess of the hunt. Another notably bright star, Sirius, is directly associated with Orion, appearing in a straight line from Orion’s distinctive belt. Called the “Dog Star,” it is linked in legend with Orion as one of his hunting dogs. All taken, these connections should warrant a provisional treatment of the “H” as a symbol for Orion, at least until a surer explanation might present itself.

The moon symbol appears in two different forms on the mate to the bucranium pillar there. At the throat of that pillar, it takes the form of the full and crescent phases of the moon, in association with the “H” figure. And, on the belt of that pillar, what I see as the waxing and waning stages of the crescent moon are carved, embracing the “H.” As noted, there is no corresponding marking on the belt of the bucranium pillar. Finally, the crescent moon symbol appears in conjunction with the “H” on one of the smaller pillars of Enclosure C, and there the “H” also appears separately. One fact is particularly striking. These four figures, the circle “O” with the “C” and the “H”; the paired “C’s” with the “H”; the “H” alone, and the bucranium are quite possibly the only pictograms on the entire site. And they are replicated throughout the site, and in several configurations. This makes the pictogram a unique feature among the thousands of stone engravings, reliefs, statues, and monuments peopling the structures at Göbekli Tepe.

From http://thehiddenrecords.com/gobekli-tepe-taurus-bull THE KANAGA SYMBOL IS THE “H” WHICH IS ORION << I am convinced that the Kanaga symbol -)-(- represents Orion. The two dots seem to be Orion’s belt. Some show it more like a lizard with a tail and others more like a man. The latter seems more fitting since myth has Orion as a hunter… either hunting a bull or more logically for me… showing the way with his arrow or three belt stars something sacred near the bull.>>

From HAMLЕT  MARTIROSYAN. THЕ LION CHARACTЕR THЕ PETROGLYPHS OF SYUNIK AND THЕ ANCIENT WORLD https://www.academia.edu/12277907/Lion_Character_in_the_Petrogliphs_of_Syuniq_and_the_Ancient_World << All that was said above concerning doors shows that in ancient mythological worldview perceptions, doors linking different worlds were amongst the most important elements of the world order. In short, if there is no door, there is no way to communicate with God. This mythological-worldview symbol of doors or columns forming doors had been developed early on and we see its oldest sources in the temple complex at Portasar (Göbekli Tepe) (X millennium BC) and the Syunik (Southern Armenia) petroglyphs (before XIII millennium BC). Certain facts indicate that different gods had different numbers and forms of gates. We saw above that we can read the T-shaped stones of Portasar (picture 61, first image) as objective ideograms with the meaning of “aperture, door, gateway. We also saw that much later, that ideogram was used with the same meaning in both Sumer and Egypt 82 (T =ME character and Egypt.T=rw= “door” hieroglyphic). These and other facts concerning Portasar presented above (the door cavity carved from monolith stone with lion carvings on the columns, the twin columns of the subterranean temple with lion-images) attest that at Portasar doors had an important ritual-religious significance and were linked to the worship of specific gods.>>

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