TARTARIA ROUND TABLET. Sumerian approach.1


TART.S ROUND SUMTART.S ROUND SUM

                      TARTARIA ROUND TABLET Not 100% sumerian signs !

TARTARIA ROUND TABLET: Picture, fromhttps://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSD5kOPzyRbCx16SOHNYI_JFdR5kACAdzi4Fc_rqu4_ayIAqf0u

TartRound
Tablet replica made by myself:

36320642_1671848542936382_8881202476397625344_n

Some days before I revised/overhauled the “sumerian aproach” of the tablet signs.(To be noticed, before I made three ways/kind of aproaches for every sign in the tablet:              1.as icons & logograms                                                                                                                       2. as logograms,and                                                                                                                         3.as syllabograms&letters)

My surprise was that all the signs were found in proto-cuneiform sumerian signs list.
From technical point of view, my opinion is that upon the signs seems not to be scrachted or drawn by an native sumerian. One know they used round sticks/styluses, and at least made numbers even in prot-writing phase by imprinting.Only the rest of the signs were made by scratching. Here we have not much the case, all the signs are scratched.

Out of a rude approach, is not my intention to read and interpret exactly the signs and message, cause:

– “If” could be sumerian signs the difficulty is great especially due the fact that we have pre-cuneiform an single sign had multiple meanings.It seems that they extracted the close meaning as resulting from the context. Consequently, the meaning/message in proto-writing=proto-cuneiform stage, could not be exactly determined,
– I have no necessary level of expertise, as Damerow,J.Dahl, R.Englund, A.A.Vaiman and al.

When I get close to those tablets some 10 years before I was strucked by the close ressemblance to letters.
Out of some 2 max.3 signs wich was very difficult to be included, the tablets could be read in every of three writing systems :                                                                                         1. sumerian                                                                                                                                           2. Linear A,B                                                                                                                                             3.archaic greek alphabets

From those 3 signs I give twoo exemple:
–  1.bow-arrow sign and 2. “>>” sign for archaic greek reading ; 3.D shape signs(those signs were used much intensevely in carian, not to mention that there are equal chances to be written by carians ;
When I counted the signs carian won upon archaic greek… but carian signs were taken from greeks! So upon the expected age of the tablets,not sufficent old)

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From The Invention of Writing :: Proto-Cuneiform in the Uruk Period                           Posted on MAY 25, 2019 Written by http://www.projectglobalawakening.com/proto-cuneiform-uruk-period/

Proto-Cuneiform Picture-Writing ::  First Attempts At Writing

<< Around halfway through the Uruk Period, about 150 years into the Late Uruk Period which spans from about 3500-3100 BCE (bringing us to about 3350 BCE) is when we begin to see the first examples of writing. The Sumerians first attempts were all pictographic in nature. Meaning that when they first attempted to record ideas and concepts in a physical symbolic fashion, they began to do so by drawing pictures of the things that they were attempting to represent.

Their medium of choice was clay, which they would fashion into small rectangles (which were shaped somewhat like little pillows) which the accountant-scribe would scratch the glyphs into with the stalk of a reed which had been cut down to the right size. That was all the stylus they needed. Though in a couple of centuries they would eventually sharpen one end of the reed into a triangular shape for a more precise “sketching-edge” which in actuality was destined to revolutionize the whole nature of the script. >>

So we have all the signs on Tartaria tablets scratched (as does sumerians in that early stage) , no one imprinted as used sumerians for proto-cuneiform numbers !

<< Proto-Cuneiform Number Systems

For example, if you look right you will see that a small circular impression meant “10” while a conical impression stood for “1”.>>

Proto-Cuneiform Sexagesimal Number Signs                                                                                               They scraped the cereal/bread sign “ninda” (lowest, middle near the head sign)  https://www.laarchaeology.org/the-beginning-of-history/

 but not numerals/numbers !

See imprinted numerals “1′ in proto-cuneiform stage !                                                 From The Tower of Babel Cuneiform in the Fertile Crescent, 3100-500 BCE http://literatureandhistory.com/index.php/episode-001-the-tower-of-babel

 

**********************************                                                                                                  Ooops!                                                                                                                                                Some fellows encountered same difficultyies with D-shape signs, but even when choosed to equate D-signs with moon , not continued and in the rest is quite out of matter.                                                                                                                                                                         From https://cogniarchae.com/2015/10/29/tartaria-tablets-connection-between-vinca-and-proto-linear-b-script/
So now, the hardest part. What are these D and O shaped signs. Even though they look like Latin letters, we don’t really see them in Linear scripts. EXCEPT in their measuring system.                                                                                                                                                   In some texts I read on the Tărtăria tablets sign “D” is represented as a symbol of the moon. It is interesting to see that in Linear B it represents volume, possibly given on a monthly bases. The second thing that is important to mention is that other signs represented in the lower part of the picture mean units of measurement. At the same time have phonetic value. (ie PE, ZE, MO…) So it is safe to say that if our D  sign was really a unit of measurement, it also had a phonetic value. If so, what could it be? I believe it could be MO, even though MO is already a value of a different sign on a picture above.”
……………………………………………………………………
At the first glance one take notice of the cross division of the tablet or equal-cross drawn lines.
There are many opinions regarding the cross sign origin and supposed attached meaning in the course of the history.
For exemple the very begining, out of some paleolithic carvings, sumerians used very early round tokens with cross inscribed wich they used to record and mean sheep.

From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

UTUsheep

UDU~b sheep/  From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

MAS also has a cross shape MAS:”many”? From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

                                                                                                                                         From Sumerian Lexicon http://www.istor-konf-varna.com/history/JAH_SumLex_ALL.pdf de JA HALLORAN –                                                                                                                                    máš: n., extispicy (divination based on the entrails of a sacrificed animal); sacrificial animal [MAŠ2.

A Descriptive Grammar of Sumerian – IS MU https://is.muni.cz/www/408176/38744863/A_Descriptive_Grammar_of_Sumerian.pdf       de JW White  ….. the noun maš or máš ‘kid‘ 

From http://enenuru.net/pdfs/SumerianFreq100_1500.pdf                                                           It is the sign “LU”:”to be abundant”

https://sites.utexas.edu/dsb/tokens/tokens-and-writing-the-cognitive-development/
Tokens and Writing: the Cognitive Development Denise Schmandt Besserat

https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT8nkUrTh98KiJibBXxbr0YZ9D3DLZy7yQ_2YLW9JrBOTQQcuo

But the cross was also the sun-god icon

From https://www.naturepagan.com/babylonian-and-assyrian-translations : (“the Sun tablet”)

Cause of the sun-cross relation the round Tartaria tablet was nicknamed:” Tablita-Soare”(rom.) “THE SUN TABLET”
This cross was found also in Egypt related to Osiris and ressurection.
The Sun, resurection and its related icon and cross icon were before and at the origin of christian religion.

1-st QUARTER

First will begin with lower-right quarter.                                                                                        ( OVERALL DIRECTION OF READING,COUNTER-CLOCKWISE ! )                                      Picture of the quarter,taken from Moonlight in Romania: The Tărtăria Tablets /Keith Massey http://aplaceofbrightness.blogspot.ro/2008/11/moonlight-in-romania-tartaria-tablets_21.html

LOW-RIGHT

See the red sign Tart RED  or here, No.6:

TRoundNumbered

For me this shape is conducting me to the idea of kind of portable altar with flames on upper side:

Note. Many other researcher have same opinion !

But in fact the sign is SZA

sza

Another researcher (Andi Kaulins) found also SA,
http://lingwhizt.blogspot.com/2011/03/syllabic-grid-of-ancient-scripts-su.html                          —————————————————————————————————                                      The second sign near-by on the right side seems to be the icon of a sky-deity
Somebody article (to be checked!)

sumSUNAbode
The Symbol of Shamash http://www.darkstar1.co.uk/ds17.html
”Given that the 1st Century Romans had inexplicably re-launched the Persian cult of Mithras, a ‘sun-god’ whose ritual practices had much in common with Early Christianity, then it may be equally possible that this coin carries forward the very ancient tradition of the Mesopotamian winged disc.  However, I would question the bland assumption that all these symbols represent the Sun.
For instance, the shrine at Larsa devoted to the ‘sun-god’ Utu/Shamash is represented by quite different symbolism, that of ‘the crescent-with-sun-disc on top of an altar or tower temple with water at its base’  (4).  This symbol includes two stars above the upturned crescent.  The Egyptologist David Rohl notes that these depictions were often rotated to become more recognisable cuneiform symbols.

Thus, if we rotate this Shamash’s early symbol from Larsa 180 degrees, we obtain a disc within a crescent, accompanied by two stars.  We seem to have the archetypal Mesopotamian and ancient Egyptian winged disc, complete with its two uraei.  These uraei are two ‘divine cobras’ that are often shown as smaller discs attached to the central disc by two wavy lines.  All of these symbols, then, appear to have a common framework, and this is in keeping with the Roman coin.”

But when checked.…great pleasing surprise”:
A Companion to Greek Mythology https://books.google.ro/books?isbn=1444396935
Ken Dowden, ‎Niall Livingstone -Thus, the Akkadian Nergal (god of the Underworld) may have been viewed as meaning ‘Lord of the Great City (Sumerian EN.URU.GAL).14 The Ugaritic Mot was king of this subterranean city: … (KTU 1.5 ii 13–16) This ‘concave kingdom’ is described in words which parodied the mountain dwelling of Baal, king of the gods.
From http://enenuru.proboards.com/thread/657/
Name Cuneiform Additional information Source
Enuru
(den-uru2) Retinue of Šamaš RlA2/p40

From http://enenuru.net/html/misc/enensilugal.htm

En [En]  close to priest-lord

http://enenuru.proboards.com/thread/142/city-seals-early-political-alliances#ixzz58xP8fo57

This stands for – divine name + the sign UNU – . What is interesting to note is that these geographical names, for example UD+UNU (Larsa), or SHESH+UNU (Ur), seem to be direct adaptions of the Early protoliterate City Seals. This becomes clearer still when we note the cuneiform sign UNU, a part of the geographical names, (when flipped vertical) appears to be a direct adaption from the ‘base’ or ‘stand’ in the seals. It symbolises the abode of the deity, so UD+UNU, is the home of the Sun god, and the UNU is a part of his temple or ziggurat. And here we see the ePSD entry for unu as dwelling:

Read more: http://enenuru.proboards.com/thread/142/city-seals-early-political-alliances#ixzz58xP8fo57
This stands for – divine name + the sign UNU – . What is interesting to note is that these geographical names, for example UD+UNU (Larsa), or SHESH+UNU (Ur), seem to be direct adaptions of the Early protoliterate City Seals. This becomes clearer still when we note the cuneiform sign UNU, a part of the geographical names, (when flipped vertical) appears to be a direct adaption from the ‘base’ or ‘stand’ in the seals. It symbolises the abode of the deity, so UD+UNU, is the home of the Sun god, and the UNU is a part of his temple or ziggurat. And here we see the ePSD entry for unu as dwelling:

“unu [DWELLING] (1511x: Lagash II, Ur III, Old Babylonian) wr. unu6; unu2; unu “banquet; dining hall; the most sacred part of a temple; seat, throne; dwelling, domicile, abode; temple” Akk. mākalû; mūšabu; usukku; šubtu”

Any case, it is the sign of an astral god/goddess, like Astarte,Tanit or minoan-micenaean Asasara.                                                                                                                   Image from    http://thingsinthree.blogspot.com/2011/07/before-tertius.html

 

From FRED C. WOUDHUIZEN  DOCUMENTS IN MINOAN LUWIAN, SEMITIC, AND PELASGIAN                         https://docs.google.com/document/d/1MlXuANT4kcZHS4RZCLwSj1TS_lNP-JJaO9dfHtIqmI0/edit  

  . From a linguistic point of view, Nikolas Platon has suggested that the root a-sa-sa-ra may well be compared to the Phoenician divine name Asherat.46 In line with this suggestion, Jan Best—who for the divine name also pointed to Asherah from the Old Testa- ment—explained the enclitic element -me or -ma as a particle com- parable to Ugaritic -m as in balm “oh Baal!” and ilm “oh Il!”. ………………………..

       As it seems, then, both the divine name and the grammatical features of the Linear A formula (y)a-sa-sa-ra.me or ya-sa-sa-ra-ma oh Asherah!” are Old Phoenician. A similar conclusion no doubt holds good for its hiero- glyphic predecessor from the Early Minoan III/Middle Minoan I tran- sitional period (c. 2000 BC), now readable as a-sa1-sa1-ra-me or a- sa1-sa1-ra.me “Oh Asherah!” (the case with the punctuation mark in form of a hook concerns # 252 as depicted in Fig. 6a, no. I)…………………………                                                     Cretan hieroglyphic 30 of Asherah served as an asylum for international trade. More in general, the zealous veneration of the goddess may be compared to the predilection of the miners in Sinai for Baaalat of which their inscriptions in the Proto-Sinaitic alphabet, variously dated c. 1850 BC, c. 1600 BC or c. 1500 BC, bear testimony.

SO, IT IS SURE, MY SUPOSITION THAT THE SIGN IS THAT OF A CELESTIAL FEMALE DEITY as Baaalat / ASHERAH / Tanit (wich in turn, or beside it is related to mining and trade) IS RIGHT !! More than this, the tablets could be brought by a metalurgist,prospector,trader? from the south-east !

———————————————————————————————————————————————————————–

SECOND QUARTER

Upper-Right
(counter-clockwise)

From https://2.bp.blogspot.com/_DT_WSLrf76g/SSNCIVGnLGI/AAAAAAAAAC4/3y1gwcGR4os/s1600/NEgrid.JPG

Upper sign, +++++ If we think in Old Danubian script terms,

Din The Number System of the Old European Script Eric Lewin Altschuler, M.D., Ph.D. https://arxiv.org/html/math/0309157v1

“Also common is the comb motif (Table 1) with three to eight teeth 33 inscriptions. As the comb motif is used with so many different numbers of teeth and as the comb inscriptions seem to be used in a similar manner, and are found in similar places on pottery as the score mark inscriptions, we think these signs also denote numbers. We translate a comb with n (3 ≤ n ≤ 8) teeth as 10+n. Other possibilities are the numbers or n+1 (n teeth plus the horizontal stroke), but these seem unlikely as there are already signs for n and n+1 (n or n+1 score marks).”

Deci 10+5=15 sau 5 (5+1/2=5,5?)

La sumerieni, din https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/signlists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html signs ASZ2

In sumerian, the name of some numerals are : From http://it.stlawu.edu/~dmelvill/mesomath/Numerals.html

Number 
Sumerian
Akkadian
1
diš,
 išten
2
min
 šina
3
 šalaš
4
limmu
 erbe
5
ia
 hamiš
6
 šediš

So if our sign has 5-6 comb teeth, this sign could mean phoneme or6

From http://doormann.tripod.com/engsum.htm AsHur/All-seeing-one

5 mai 2000 – Inspiration for all this came out of not being able to find a Sumerian …… [191x] = 1 (“1” one numeric) | dili [227x] = (to be) singleunique, sole; …
From https://www.sumerian.org/prot-sum.htm aš: one; unique; alone.              Folowing image, from https://emekurnet.wordpress.com/category/writing/

My rendering for the <5-teeth comb-like sign> is:   AS : “WHEAT”                                                   —————————————————————————————                                                     First of those “DD” (twoo D-shaped signs in the row), if is sumerian-inspired, one close  in shape, could be:
GAR  https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns/GAR.jpg

gar

http://enenuru.net/pdfs/SumerianFreq100_1500.pdf NINDA(GAR):”BREAD” GAR: ”to PLACE” Nig2 (GAR) :”THING”

D D, (?Reduplicated :”GAR GAR”= “to place, lay down….” ?)

http://mugsarsumerian.com/default.htm#a_GA
120FB  GAR, NINDA [11296x] = bread, pastry, baked, food – determinative &ninda; bread / baked items | cf. less common12252  NINDA2 | gar(gar) [2505x] = place, to put, lay down; to give in place of something, replace; to posit (math.) | nig2(nig2) [1641x] = thing, possesion; something | nindan

From TĂRTĂRIa AND THE SACRED TABLETS XC. Investigating the signs on the circular tablet https://fashiondocbox.com/Jewelry/90885882-Tartaria-and-the-sacred-tablets.html                                                                                                                                                              “The crescent moon is visible in the shape of a celestial D 1522. The variant is not recorded in the inventory of the signs of the Danube script.
It is very similar to the shape individuated by Gh.  Lazarovici with code 238f, meaning ‘fi
rst quarter of the moon’. The same sign was utilized to render the first crescent in a lunar cycle engraved on a stone around the second part of IV millennium BC
at Knowth (Boyne Valley, Ireland) 1523. The graphic concept is similar to that at the base of the ancient form of the Chinese character Yue4, meaning
’moon’. In the beginning, the pictograph was a new moon hanging in the sky. Gradually, a vertical stroke was added inside. I also assume the (sign image) as a symbol for the ‘fi
rst quarter of the moon’.The (sign image) finds partial graphic convergence with the sign 187 of the Indus script:1524 and in the ATU528 from the proto-cuneiform:(sign image)
The aforementioned sign D, which follows the, is registered in the inventory of the Danube script as DS 033.0, as previously analyzed “
Note Yes, could be “first qarter of the moon” but where’s the sign in proto-cuneiform sign lists? (Borger,Falkenstein,Yariz)

No, the first sign aforementioned by Mr. Merlini ATU528 (wich has 2 paralel strokes inside), is not as close to the real sign as the proto-cuneiform sign I’ve found:                         Much close to sign SUR (wich has an “L”-shaped sign inside!) :                                         From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

de JA Halloran

…. šursur: to rain; to produce a liquid; to flow, drip; to extract seed oil; to process wine …

From http://doormann.tripod.com/engsum.htm
Sur/Carry
Sur/Deep/furrow
Sur/Hang/down
Sur/Press/out
Sur/Squeeze
Sur/Warrior

My rendering for the first “D”-like sign is : SUR                                                                              ——————————————————————                                                                                  The next, 2-nd D cannot be found as such in proto-cuneiform UCLA sign-list. I found exactly the D-sign in Falkenstei proto-cuneiform sign list, https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/ATU1.pdf as No.527 .There has no name, nor meaning indication.

Mr. Marco Merlini’s opinion: TĂRTĂRIa AND THE SACRED TABLETS XC. Investigating the signs on the circular tablet https://fashiondocbox.com/Jewelry/90885882-Tartaria-and-the-sacred-tablets.html page 320:                                                                                                             “The D shape incised on the tablet from Tărtăria has convergences in the sign lists of many ancient systems of writing. We have mentioned some of them when discussing the D on the left quadrant. We have here to add that proto-cuneiform presents two kinds of D. We have already mentioned the rounded form D (ATU 709) when discussing this sign with a tail from the upper left quadrant. The sharp incised on the upper right quadrant finds graphic parallels with ATU 527. As substantiated in the next chapter, if the D is a lunar symbol in several early systems of writing and in rock art, at Tărtăria it stands for the Full Moon as the best suitable moment for human fecundation. So I suppose to be MOON ?

From  http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/listofdeities/nannasuen/?fbclid=IwAR1oqqhakRLYIfK2hrpFYWmZO8dc0jlr591mV2N2-CpFD5sHyH-MtULRge0 Mesopotamian moon god. He was called Nanna in Sumerian, and Su’en or Sin in Akkadian.                                                                                                                                            My note:                                                                                                                                         There were any Akkadians in the proto-cuneiform time, but the language could be connected to akkadian and semitic.                                                                                                  ————————————————————                                                                                     Folowing, two O-s: “O O”, or “oc”

From CRYPTCRACKER cryptcracker.blogspot.com/2007/03/oldest-west-semitic-inscriptions-these.html                                                                                                                        the circle (with or without a central dot) was the standard form in the Iron Age, eventually becoming the letter O (a vowel, no longer a consonant) in the Greek and Roman alphabets. In the syllabary (by my calculations) the circle is the sun (shimshu, hence SHI)” 

They say: http://www.oocities.org/proto-language/ProtoLanguage-Monosyllables.htm

The Sumerian sign (Jaritz #750) means ‘hole’, and reads both u, ‘(oral) cavity’, and hu3.

The sign O is  proto-cuneiform LAGAB From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

lagaba

http://enenuru.net/pdfs/SumerianFreq100_1500.pdf LAGAB:”watercourse” LAGAB:”circle,hole“. But twoo circles 2xLAGAB, is the sign NIGIN

2lagaba

Nigin, “to encircle” ,”roam about”       V12.COMPARATIVE ENCYCLOPEDIC DICTIONARY OF MESOPOTAMIAN VOCABULARY …   https://books.google.ro/books?isbn=1312229934      NiginSumerian. Verb. To round up. NiginSumerian. Verb. To include. NiginSumerian. Verb. To bring in. NiginSumerian. Verb. To encircleNiginSumerian.to confine

From http://doormann.tripod.com/engsum.htmNigin/Circulate
Nigin/Enclosure
Nigin/Go/round
Nigin/Revolve
Nigin/Surround/(to)
Nigin/Wander/(to)                                                                                                                         From V12.COMPARATIVE ENCYCLOPEDIC DICTIONARY OF MESOPOTAMIAN VOCABULARY …   https://books.google.ro/books?isbn=1312229934                               Nierime (Nierim): Sumerian. Adjective. Wrong … Total. NiginSumerian. Noun. Totality. NiginSumerian. Adverb. All together. Nigin: … The whole amount. Nigin: .

So…. hard to say….I am tempted to exclude from the begining to be an administrative tablet, as to have here simple numbers. Based on three assumptions:                                      1. sumerians made numbers by imprinting, not by scratching                                             2.scientists said that the tablets could be involved in a kind of religious ritual                    3.no reason in this case (numbers) to cover (as M.Merlini supposed) upper half of the tablet wich contain an supposed esoteric content.. 

So, maybe:                                                                                                                                             A.               AS                                                                                                                                         ……….GAR-GAR NIGIN                                                                                                                              One(God)….(to)Place,confine   enclosure                                                                                       —————————————————–                                                                                               B.                AS                                                                                                                                        SUR  Moon Nigin  :”one(god)                                                                                               “rain,flow,river  ..MOON(God)…enclosure,total,whole”

(? As-sur:” one warrior encircle,wander,surround”?)                                                                   ——————————————————-                                                                                              C. What about a rendering wich partly satisfy Mr,Merlini rendering and mine?:               …………GOD                                                                                                                                                   SUR    MOON  FULL                                                                                                                      ………….GOD                                                                                                                                              CARRY  FULL  MOON                                                                                                                           —————————————————–                                                                                                D.               AS                                                                                                                                        GAR   DIS   LAGAB LAGAB                                                                                                               See number 10, from http://www.ancientscripts.com/sumerian.html

                                                                                                      WHEAT                                                                                                                      NINDA(ratio,cereal,bread)   10   10                                                                                             “21 WHEAT RATIOS

3-rd QUARTER

RoUp-Left

RoUp-Left2

Sign on the left side,                                                                                                                              – the first sign seem to be much close to phoenician and old hebrew cheth,heth,het with the sound Kh, kha as in final german koch, and linear A sign PA3 or archaic greek Heta,eta , at the very begining pronounced He.

KU~a

kua

http://mugsarsumerian.com/default.htm#a_KU
http://enenuru.net/pdfs/SumerianFreq100_1500.pdf tuš (KU) :”to sit”
121AA  KU = backside | DAB5 [8723x] = to seize, take, hold; to bind; to envelop, overwhelm; to choose (by extispicy); to accept; to take charge of | TUKUL, TUŠ = sit, seated | cf. 12089
]Sumerian Lexicon – IS MU
https://is.muni.cz/el/1421/jaro2013/PAPVB_13/um/…/Halloran_version_3.doc
by JA Halloran .. ku: to base, found, build; to lie down

Attention,Ku have 3 variants:

Sumerian Lexicon – IS MU
https://is.muni.cz/el/1421/jaro2013/PAPVB_13/um/…/Halloran_version_3.pdf by JA Halloran ku: to base, found, build; to lie down (reduplication class) [KU archaic frequency: 64; concatenates 3 sign variants]. kú: (cf., gu7).kù: (cf., kug).

Picture from http://aplaceofbrightness.blogspot.com/2008/11/moonlight-in-romania-tartaria-tablets_21.html

NWgrid

https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/signlists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html                                        Early Cuneiform Signs (2300 BCE) G – K – Nature Pagan Principles …https://www.naturepagan.com/early-cuneiform-signs-f-k

KUa

Early Cuneiform Signs (2300 BCE) G – K – Nature Pagan Principles …https://www.naturepagan.com/early-cuneiform-signs-f-k                                               kug: n.,silver; precious metal; money; noble [KU3 archaic frequency: 181; …

reflecTiOns On The TranslaTaBiliTy Of The nOTiOn Of hOliness – Journal.fi
PDFhttps://journal.fi › store › article › view
by B Pongratz-Leisten · 2009 · Cited by 12 · Related articles
Sumerian words dadag and ku(-g) especially in the context of temple building to show how the perception and conception of the temple

 

PUABI’S ADORNMENT FOR THE AFTERLIFE … – Academic Commons
PDFhttps://academiccommons.columbia.edu › …
an alternate value for ků [also ku3, ku(g), or ku (-g)] in the Sumerian …… “Reflections on the Translatability of the Notion of Holiness.

 

 

Pagan Trinity – Holy Trinity: The Legacy of the Sumerians in …
https://books.google.ro › books
Alan Dickin · 2007 · Religion
This is shown by the distinction between the Sumerian word ‘holy’ (ku) and the word ‘pure’ ( sikil) which means ‘ritually clean

——————————————————————————————————————–                          On the right side also already seen “D- letter shape”
Wich could be GAR
GAR

http://mugsarsumerian.com/default.htm#a_GA
120FB  GAR, NINDA [11296x] = bread, pastry, baked, food – determinative &ninda; bread / baked items | cf. less common12252  NINDA2 | gar(gar) [2505x] = place, to put, lay down; to give in place of something, replace; to posit (math.) | nig2(nig2) [1641x] = thing, possesion; something | nindan (ninda) [149x] = pole; unit of length; 12 ?? | ŠA2, | LIMMU = 4 | cf. 122E9

Then,

KU ; GAR = (food) offering, sacrifice; meal(-time); (stone) bowl; a priest
“is sitting/take,accept” ; “bread”
Base,build,lie down = = place, to put, lay down; to give in place
Sit-possesion

Kleine sumerische Sparchlehre f?r Nichtassyriologen
https://books.google.ro › books
Friedrich Delitzsch · History
2) aufschlagen (seil. die Wohnung), daher dann: sich niederlassen, u-‘ohnen ( gleichbedeutend Im”, ter, dzir). Auch ku-gar. 3 ) sich legen …

KU GAR read Ku Ninda,ninda-ku : Sumerians and Akkadians in their ethno-linguistic … – e-periodica  https://www.e-periodica.ch/cntmng?pid=gen-001:1960:8.                                      quoted above, and in ninda ku. “they eat bread”                                                             

Would you enjoy this 4,000-year-old Hittite feast? | Ancient Origins
https://www.ancient-origins.net › would-…
The feast prepared at Alacahöyük included a sweet bread called Ninda.ku, as well as other breads made from barley, or flavoured with

New Indology: Sumerian and Indo-European: a surprising connection
new-indology.blogspot.com/2015/05/sumerian-and-indo-european-surprising.html
Sum. kug ‘pure; bright, shining, silver’, gug ‘(to be) bright’, PIE *k’u-k-, Skt. śuci ‘clean, pure’, śukra ‘bright, white’, śukti ‘pearl oyster’, Greek kyknos ‘swan, white …. However, from the Pennsylvania Sumerian Dictionary GAR appears to be normally used in compounds as synonym of niĝ ‘thing, possession’.

KU-GAR: “pure/shining thing”

KU Moon(God)= base,build    Moon(God)                                                                                 Ku/Kug  Moon =pure,shining,sacred Moon(God)

V13.COMPARATIVE ENCYCLOPEDIC DICTIONARY OF MESOPOTAMIAN VOCABULARY …
https://books.google.ro/books?isbn=1312229918
Maximillien De Lafayette – 2014 – ‎Education
Pubur: Sumerian. Noun. The underground. Pubur: Sumerian. Noun. a- Graves. b- Tombs. c- The netherworld. d- The underworld (Kurnugi). e-World of the dead. Hubur “Khubur” in Akkadian. Hubur “Khubur” in Sumerian. Kubur in Arabic means graves, tombs, cemeteries. Synonyms in Arabic, Persian (Farsi), Urdu and …

KUBUR :”NETHERWORLD”

This reading is consistent with the overall aspects of archeological findings !

KU ; GAR =
“is sitting/take,accept” ; “bread
Base,build,lie down =the same= place, to put, lay down; to give in place
Sit – possesion
KU ; BUR (food) offering, sacrifice; meal(-time); (stone) bowl; a priest
If
KU

The Archaeomusicology of the Ancient Near East
https://books.google.ro/books?isbn=1412055385
Richard J. Dumbrill  Akkadian rendition of Sumerian sirkuga, meaning ‘sacred song”…

Tones in Sumerian – jstor
https://www.jstor.org/stable/592930
by P Haupt -. The gloss kuga is a synonym of giga ..

http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/edition2/etcslgloss.php?lookup=c4801.283&charenc=gcirc&sn=ON kug-ga kug shining

Was Eridu The First City in Sumerian Mythology?1 – ResearchGate
https://www.researchgate.net/…Sumerian…/Was-Eridu-The-First-City-in-Sumerian-My&#8230;
concludes that in Sumerian mythology we can call Eridu one of the most sacred religious and cultural centres … the inhabitants of Sumer already in the beginning of the 3rd millennium, although the archaeological evidence from his Eridu ….. kuga—the “king of the holy mountain.” …the “primordial” god Lugaldukuga—the “king of the holy mountain.”

My final rendering is: NINDA KU : “(THEY) EAT BREAD”                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ———————-    4-th QUADRANT  ———————————–

Image, from https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcST4uXpqRcb9bf0G2R9ZPKbQSLtZ1tlyirRkwcMIRHtgcLLhyZ9UQ

LOW-LEFT

From upper 2 signs,first in the left side,

Close shape, but differnt to our sign ! the folowing:
Sign from https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns/IGI.jpg

igi

IGI :”eye”file:///C:/Users/User/Downloads/Whittaker_-_The_Case_for_Euphratic_-_BulletinGeorgNatlAcadSci2008.pdf

But
BA (has exact shape; on the left side at us rounded)

ba
http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/edition2/signlist.php
BA ba, be4
ba, ‘to give’) http://www.sumerian.org/prot-sum.htm
Found also (+): “split,divide into shares,share,halve,to allot,creature,thresh,tool
bà: liver; liver model; omen.

Close shape, but differnt to our sign ! the folowing:

On the right side, the second seems to be two > signs :>>,
Like
RU https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns/RU.jpg

ru

http://www.sumerian.org/prot-sum.htm dù(‘), ru: n., work; totality. v., to build, make; to mould, cast; to erect something on the ground; to raise up; to set up; to plant; to fasten, apply. ru: n., present, gift. v., to blow; to give; to send (cf., rúg).
I found RU:”field,defeat,release,poor out,impregnate”
or two LISZ, so twoo LISZ, 2xLISZ

lisz

(so plural LISZ-LISZ ?)
Underneath,
PAa – sign,

paa

http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/edition2/signlist.php
PA ĝidru, ḫendur, kumx, kun2, mu6, mudru, pa, sag3, sig3, ux, ugula

http://www.sumerian.org/sumerian.pdf pàd, : to show, reveal; to choose, call; to seek; to find; to declare; to swear, take an oath; to choose out of (with ablative prefix) (pà-dè in sing. marû; pà-pà-dè in plural marû) (sprout, branch + to go out; cp., pa…éd, ‘to show; to make appear’; cf., ér…pàd) [PA3 archaic frequency: 30].

Part 5 of 5 members.storm.ca/~cm-tntr/sumer_turk5of5.html                                                Sumerian “pa” is reported to mean the “top”, the “upper part of a tree”, “the upper part of a bird”, “supervisor”, “chief” and “coming from upper sides

Note
!! The same sign in Linear B “PA2”!!
http://www.sumerian.org/prot-sum.htm pa4,5,6(-r):irrigation ditch, small canal, dike.
I found PA:”foreman,overseer”
museumaconicoparanaense.com/…/1800_Dicionario%20Sumerio%20(Lexicon).doc pa-TAR: cut-off branches/twigs (‘branch’ + ‘to cut off’).

BA RU

PA

Give/Omen Build,make,plant

Ditch/branch

BA – RU – PA ?
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bārû

.A bārû, in ancient Mesopotamian religion, is a practitioner of a form of divination based on hepatoscopy, reading of omens from a liver of a sacrificial animal, known as bārûtu. Baru began the divination ceremony by first addressing the oracle gods, Šamaš and Adad, with prayers and benedictions,

Full text of “Egyptian Civilization: Its Sumerian Origin and Real …
https://archive.org/…/EgyptianCivilizationItsSumerianOriginAndRealChronology/WA&#8230;
Prabhu, the Sanskrit word here, means ” ruler, master, lord,” * and it is in series with his prefixed title of Pra, obviously derived from the Sumerian Par, Bar or Baru, “ lord

La médecine sacrée à Sumer par Marguerite Enderlin – 3e millénaire …
http://www.revue3emillenaire.com/…/medecine-sacree-a-sumer-marguerit&#8230;
Jla médecine sacrée à Sumer, l’on est stupéfait de voir à quel point le …. Dans leurs différents titres, on relève entre autres les mots : BARU qui signifie devin; SHITA : celui qui annule les mauvais sorts ;

http://www.bulgari-istoria-2010.com/…/Sumerian_Cuneiform_English_Dictionary_12.pdf
122D6. SHITA / šita [17x] = priest; ~ figurine.

Or
BA LISZ-LISZ

PA
I found first twoo close signs in a row meaning PA ! Cose cause the arrow is not passing over chord/string as we have on tablet.But who knows possible not intended to depass but failed !?
PA3 https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

https://ia800608.us.archive.org/16/items/AshurCherryProtoCuneiformSigns/Ashur_Cherry_Proto_-_Cuneiform_Signs.pdf

In this case upper 2 signs=PA
Underneath,also PA
!!???
Ditch/branch
1800_Dicionario Sumerio(Lexicon).doc
pa-pah: cella, inner sanctum of a temple (cf., Orel & Stolbova #1926, *pah- “close, lock”).
sunofchedorlaomer.wikia.com/wiki/Sumerian_Religion

Papahanu (Inner Cellas) …

http://www.sumerian.org/sumerian.pdf
bùru(-d), bùr: n., opening; receptacle; hole; mine; depth (Akk. buuru ‘cistern, well’, cf., Orel & Stolbova #164, *ba’Vr-/*bu’Vr- “well, pit“; could also be Sumerian from, ub4 , ‘cavity, hole’, + úr, ‘floor’ – the u vowel especially correlates with round objects or openings). v., to receive; to bore through, pierce; to break into (a house)

 

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