“Burebista” si “tarabostes” inseamnau ceva ?

Din        Linguistic Map of the Paleo-Balkan Languages, c. 1st century BC Information and map source:       https://twitter.com/arcgreek/status/1072513592195457029


Din A GRAMMAR OF MODERN INDO-EUROPEAN      Carlos Quiles   https://academiaprisca.org/indoeuropean/indoeuropean.htm


The Dacian language was an Indo-European language spoken by the ancient people of Dacia. It is often considered to have been anorthern variant of the Thracian language or closely related to it.                                                                                                                           There are almost no written documents in Dacian. Dacian used to be one of the major languages of South-Eastern Europe, stretching from what is now Eastern Hungary to the Black Sea shore. Based on archaeological findings, the origins of the Dacian culture are believed to be in Moldavia, being identified as an evolution of the Iron Age Basarabi culture.                                                                                                                                                   It is unclear exactly when the Dacian language became extinct, or even whether it has a living descendant.                                                                                                               The initial Roman conquest of part of Dacia did not put an end to the language, as Free Dacian tribes such as the Carpi may have continued to speak Dacian in Moldavia and adjacent regions as late as the 6th or 7th century AD, still capable of leaving some influences in the forming Slavic languages.                                                                            According to one hypothesis, a branch of Dacian continued as the Albanian language (Hasdeu, 1901). A refined version of that hypothesis considers Albanian to be a Daco-Moesian Dialect that split off from Dacian before 300 BC and that Dacian itself became extinct.

Harta https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burs_(Dacia)                                                                                400px-roman_empire_map_alexanderfindlay1849                                                             Historical evidence

The Dacian tribe Buredeense / Buri is attested by the ninth tabula of Europe of Ptolemy’s Geography,[2] Cassius Dio[1] and inscriptions.[6]

Before the battle of Tapae (101) (in the first campaign of Trajan) the Dacian tribe, the Buri, sent Trajan a message to the effect that he should withdraw from Dacia and restore peaceful relations. Their message to him was inscribed on the smooth top of a very large mushroom, in Latin,.[3][1] This message was unusual enough to become part of a frieze on Trajan’s column.[3]

In the 6th century a deed issued by Justinian, dated 530 AD, mentions the Burs:[7]

“Insuper constituimus, tibique damus hic descripta armorum insignia: videlicet: scutum in septem partes divisum; in medio eius, scutum aureum, cui inest aquila dupplex, alba et nigra, quae significat Emblema Imperiale, cuius capita coronata sunt purpureo Imperiali diademate, ex parte dextra in prima divisione scutum rubrum, in cuius medio videtur turris, significans utramque Daciam, in secunda divisione scutum coeleste, cum tribus Burris, quarum duae e lateribus albae sunt, media vero aurea, quae indicat Albaniam superiorem; in tertia sectione scutum album cum uno Leone, indicante Epyrum;

Harta, din https://www.kinderweltreise.de/kontinente/europa/rumaenien/daten-fakten/geschichte-politik/

=================================================                                                        In urma cu ceva ani, am facut doua legaturi:          https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burs_(Dacia)                                                                                           – Una legata de limba bascilor<>proto-iberiana>iberiana, gen: BURU-BISTA=BURU-VISTA=cap-vaz, :                                                                                                                    “CAPetenie de vaza”                                                                                                                            Din mi diccionario de euskera – lexicomas https://lexicomas.wordpress.com/2018/…/mi-diccionario-de-euskera…                  Burjes, burgués                                                                            buru : cabeza [PE. *buru]    (rom.”cap“)                                                                                            bista: vista (facultad de ver)  (rom.”vedere“)

Din http://www.logosdictionary.org/index.php?code=6544658&from=PJ

English eye
Aragones bista ; bisión

– alta legata de limba albaneza care pastreaza caracteristici situate la baza trunchiului Indo-European,                                                                                                                            BURE-BISHT= “OM-COADA” !?; o prima asociere conduce la ceva negativ, insa este posibil ca numele adevarat sa fie si sa ramana necunoscut, si aceasta denumire sa reflecte intelegerea contemporanilor sai ca fiind ultimul om adevarat. Nu stiu daca ar putea fi si o legatura cu gr. pistis,pistos:”de incredere” (magh. bistosh:adevarat”, cuvant cu siguranta preluat de la populatia deja existenta in bazinul Panonic). De “comati” (cei cu par in coama, nu poate fi vorba intrucat comati erau patura comuna, de jos,    dac03  Taraboste (Dacian nobleman)                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Din Istoria Dacilor | Victor Chiriac – Academia.edu
https://www.academia.edu › Istoria_Dacilor
I i.e.n. pe teritoriul dac se formeaza, sub conducerea lui Burebista un stat incipient cu centrul … Principalele clase fiind insa nobilii ( pileati) si oamenii liberi de rind (comati),

Burebista nu putea sa fie decat din clasa celor instariti tarabostes (ulterior pileati).Foarte interesant este ca in albaneza bisht mai inseamna si mugur, lastar :                                                                                                                                                                                                     Din  Illyrian and Albanian – a linguistic approach – Eupedia Forum
https://www.eupedia.com › threads › page8
The Slavic pseudo- scientific community privately accepts the Illyrian heritage of Albanians, but …… bisht [m] (tg) ‘tail, brush; stalk, stem‘ Probabil cu intelesul de om de la origine,nativ. Atentie, Kurd. bistî “tulpina,peduncul,vrej

Din Scythian Onomasticon http://www.v-stetsyuk.name/en/Scythian/Onomasticon.html                Βιστησ (biste:s) – Kurd. bistî “stalk” or bista “trusty” or bista “lover”

πιστός – Wiktionary
From πιθ- (pith-) (zero-grade of the root of πείθω (peíthō, “to persuade; to trust”)) +‎ -τος (-tos, verbal adjective suffix).


Altfel radacinile BUR,BURE si BIST,BISTA m-au condus la:                                                    ==== a se parcurge rapid pana la urmatoarea linie dubla intrerupta ========                                                                                                                                                                     BUR,BURE

(PDF) A Critical Review of Dolgopolsky’s Nostratic Dictionary – ResearchGate
https://www.researchgate.net › publication
Dec 16, 2015 · Was Nostratic a root- isolating or a stem-isolating language? (pp. 44)
…… *buRu (or *buRü) ‘to break’: strong.

(Latin bura f (genitive burae); first declension beam of a plough, genitive burae /rom.:barna plugului)                                                                                                                                Din Latvian Etymology                                                                                                                           Cognate to Lithuanian bùrė (sail). Ultimately perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bew-*bʰew- (to swell) (whence also bozt) with a suffix -rā- whence Proto-Baltic *burā- whence the Latvian term with the initial meaning of “that which inflates.” It is possible that the Lithuanian term is a borrowing from Latvian (Nieminen, Fraenkel). Of the same origin are the dialectal terms būrabūris (crowd), compare Lithuanian būrỹs (crowd)Sanskrit भूरि (bhū́riplentiful; numerous). [The usual meaning of būris (cage) is unrelated, this is a borrowing from Middle Low German.]                                                                                                                                                   A different opinion (Pokorny, Endzelīns) is that this term is to be linked with Ancient Greek φᾶρος (phâros)φάρος (phárosfabric, canvas) from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to weave) or, according to a different opinion (Mikola, Nieminen, Fraenkel), the term is borrowed from Livonian pūŗaz (< *purri), compare Finnish purje (id.) However, no forms with p-have been recorded in Latvian dialects.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Polish bura inflection of bury:  Etymology Possibly Latin burrus Etymology     From Ancient Greek πυρρός (purrhósflame colored), from πῦρ (pûrfire)burrus (feminine burraneuter burrum); first/second declension red, reddishbrown. genitive burrae                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Serbo-Croatian From Proto-Slavic *burja, akin to Bulgarian and Russian буря (burja)Slovene burjaSlovak búrka and búrať (to crush). Non-Slavic cognates include Old Norse byrr (fair wind)Latin furō (I rage, rave)Sanskrit भुरति (bhuratito stir, palpitate).                                                                 bora (wind)                                                                                                                                bȕra f (Cyrillic spelling бу̏раbora (wind)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Polish bure inflection of burybury brownish dark grey dark grey with spots                                                                                                                                               Serbo-Croatian bȕre n (Cyrillic spelling бу̏реbarrel

Din https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/b%C3%BAra                                                                      Hungarian Etymology 1 From the bur- stem of burít (to cover), the dialectal variant of borít (to cover). Created during the Hungarian language reform which took place in the 18th–19th centuries. For similar derivations, see csuszainga.                        búra (plural búrák) dome-shaped covering; usually transparent or translucent

Din https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/bur                                                                                                Istro-Romanian Etymology From Latin bonus, from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dw-enos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere).      bur m (feminine burĕneuter buro)good                                                                                      Latvian bur from burt  1st conj., presburuburburpast būru                                                   to conjure, to practice magic

Din Dictionary of American Family Names
https://books.google.ro › books
… or from Büren in Westphalia. The last is named with Middle Low German bur ‘dwelling’ , ‘settlement’.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/buriz                               Proto-Germanic Etymology 1 From Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry, bring).   *buriz m  male offspringson

Descendants Gothic: 𐌱𐌰𐌿𐍂 (baur)                                                                                                 Etymology 2 From Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry, bring)*buriz elevationhill                                                                                                          Descendants Old High German: burpurborburī Middle High German: borbüre German: Bor Alemannic: Büri                                                                        Etymology 3 From Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to bear, carry, bring).                           *buriz m  favourable wind                                                                                                       Descendants Old Frisian: *bure West Frisian: bur Old Saxon: *buri Middle Low German: bore (in derivative: borelōs)

German Surnames – Behind the Name – Behind the Surname
https://surnames.behindthename.com › g…
Variant of BAYER. BAMBACH German Variant of BAUMBACH. BAUER German From Old High German bur meaning “peasant, farmer”

Concise Anglo-Saxon dictionary for the use of students DOC http://www.s155239215.onlinehome.us › turkic THE first edition of this dictionary having been exhausted, it has been extensively …… [Goth. airus] < ar/er/ir “man, warrior, trooper, husband” …… bur-tSegn, -Sen m. page ..


Genealogy World – Origins and Meanings of Surnames – Genealogy Today
www.genealogytoday.com › enoch › ori…
It was derive from German bauer, from bur = occupant of a small dwelling. …..             It designated a peasant farmer, and was also used as a given name,
Social Theory and Agrarian Practice in Early Medieval England: The Land …
https://www.persee.fr › doc › rbph_0035…
by R Faith · 2012 · Cited by 1 · Related articles
… the geburas, cognate with Old German bur, peasant, farmer, country man,
What does boor mean – Definition of boor – Word finder
https://findwords.info › term › boor
Original meaning was “peasant farmer” ( compare German Bauer, Dutch boer, Danish … bur, defined by the Rambam (Maimonides)

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-.*būraz roomchamber dwellingresidence                                              https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/b%C5%ABraz

Proto-Germanic Etymology 1                                                                                                                                         Descendants

  • Old English: būr
  • Old Saxon: *būr
    • Middle Low German: būr
      • → German: -büren (in place names)
  • Old Dutch: *būr
    • Middle Dutch: buur
      • Dutch: -buren (in place names)
  • Old High German: būr
  • Old Norse: búr n
    • Icelandic: búr n
    • Faroese: búr n
    • Old Swedish: būr mn
      • Swedish: bur c
    • Danish: bur n                                                                                                                           Etymology 2*būraz m
      1. dwellerinhabitant


      • Old English: būrgebūr
      • Old Frisian: būr*gebūr
      • Old Saxon: *būrgibūr
        • Middle Low German: būr
      • Old Dutch: *būr
        • Middle Dutch: buur
          • Dutch: buurboer (from eastern dialects)
      • Old High German: būrgibūr
      • Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/burja – Wiktionary


        *burja storm

      • боурꙗ – Wiktionary
        Compare Latin furo (“to rage, be furious”), Sanskrit भुरति (bhuráti, “to stir, quiver”), Old Norse byrr (“fair wind”).


        • ————————————————————————
        • BIST, BISTA                                                                                                                                         
        • Universal Annotation of Slavic Verb Forms – Univerzita Karlova
          PDFhttps://ufal.mff.cuni.cz › pbml › art-zeman
          by D Zeman · 2016 · Related articles
          The first work on Slavic-specific issues in UD was Zeman (2015). The present ar- …… bista biste bimъ biste bǫ, bišę. Table 43


      Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/biti https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/biti*bìti impf to beat                  Related terms *bojь(battle, fight)

      Aorist is the old Slavic simple past tense. It is a finite form that marks person
      and number of the subject. It existed in the Old Church Slavonic language and it has survived in several languages until today; however, many languages have replaced it by the l-participle.
    • Imperfect Indicative
      Imperfect is another simple past tense that only survived in a few languages. It does not have any equivalent in English, but there are imperfect tenses in Romance languages.
      Verbs in imperfect describe states or actions that were happening during some
      past moment. They may or may not continue at and after the moment of speaking.Important is the past context and the relation of the action (state) to some other action(state) happening in the past.Despite the name, both imperfective and perfective verbs can be used in the imperfect tense! Perfective verbs in the imperfect tense denote actions that were repeated in
    • Number Person be

      Dual    3     bysta
      Table 30.[cu] VerbForm=Fin | Mood=Ind | Tense=Past
      Number Person be
      Dual        2          бꙑста bysta
      NOTA                                                                                                                                 Foarte interesant istro-romanul bur=”bun” cat si lituanianul būrỹs :”multime” si inca Sanskrit भूरि (bhū́ri“abundent; numeros reflecta doua caracteristici atestate de antici si anume ca erau buni si totodata multi.                                            ==================================                                                                       Avand in vedere ca burii lui Burebista au existat cu putin inaintea Erei Noastre, cu siguranta erau Indo-Europeni. Cat am tot cautat radacini, legaturi si echivalente provenite din lexicul I.-European, in mod constant am fost directionat spre:
                                                                                                                                                      – semnificatia pentru BURE:”vatra, asezare, om nativ, lucrator al pamantului/taran”.                                                                                                        (cu cateva exceptii ex.  Slovak  búrať (“a zdrobi”, leton buru:”a practica magia”).                                                                                                                                   <<bur, buris (boris) ‘man’ [Alb. burrë ‘man’].>>
      – semnificatii pentru BISTA provenite in special din ramura germano-balto-slava, in special ramura germano-slava si mod constant (si numai) legate de verbul BITI: “A FI
      Burebista sau Boerebista sau Buruista.
      Buru-Ista in albaneza :”este barbat”
    • (Gheg) âôâshtâshtôsht                                                                             (Tosk) ësht eshtë                                                                                                    (Çam) ishte  third-person singular present indicative of jam ; in romana “ESTE”
    • vezi si https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/është
    • Din The ethnic sameness of Illyrians and … PDFialbania.com › ebook The title of the book Epirotes – the Albanians of antiquity is borrowed …… the typical Illyrian suffix -ista, which gave -ishta in. Albanian
      De fapt si in germana am avea:                                                                    ger.BUR,BAUER oland.BOER-BIST, BISTA:”(tu)ESTI  localnic/TARAN”
      << du was often used enclitically in OHG. and MHG. just as it is in the NHG. colloquial language, as OHG. nimis du? became nimistu?= NHG. nimsta?; bisdu? became bistu? = NHG. bista ? This is the origin of the final t in the second pers. sing, of verbs. The t came to be regarded as part of the verb, so that we find already in OHG. forms like nimist du? beside nimistu? NHG. du >>
    • BUREBISTA:” (ai) FOST/DEVENIT al locului, TARAn
    •                                                                                                                                                  Tinand cont de:
    •     Dictionary of American Family Names
      https://books.google.ro › books
      Patrick Hanks · 2003 · Reference
      … or from Büren in Westphalia. The last is named with Middle Low German bur ‘dwelling’ , ‘settlement’.
    •   Genealogy World – Origins and Meanings of Surnames – Genealogy Today
      www.genealogytoday.com › enoch › ori…
      It was derive from German bauer, from bur = occupant of a small dwelling. ….. It designated a peasant farmer, and was also used as a given name,
    • What does boor mean – Definition of boor – Word finder
      https://findwords.info › term › boor
      Original meaning was “peasant farmer” ( compare German Bauer, Dutch boer, Danish … bur, defined by the Rambam (Maimonides)
    •   Genealogy World – Origins and Meanings of Surnames – Genealogy Today
      www.genealogytoday.com › enoch › ori…
      It was derive from German bauer, from bur = occupant of a small dwelling. ….. It designated a peasant farmer, and was also used as a given name,                                               si de:
    • ~Istro-Romanian Edit Etymology Edit From Latin bonus, from Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Italic *dw-enos, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (“to show favor, revere”). Adjective Edit bur m (feminine burĕ, neuter buro) good                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Din List of reconstructed Dacian words – Wikipedia


      BUREBISTA/ger.: “(ai) FOST/DEVENIT al locului, TARAn
      BUREBISTA/I.E.,traca = “ fost/ESTE,de credinta<>incredere PUTERNIC,BARBAT(bun)”
      •  ================= V E R I F I C A R E ================
      • Din DUSAN VUKOTIC XURBELAUM                                                                                     Albanian burrë (man)                                          https://vukotic.wordpress.com/2007/11/11/albanian-burre-man-2/

      On July 24. 2007. Abdullah Konushevci wrote:                                                       vie about Alb burrë is:
      *wirH1-os. Alb. burrëruler, warrior, husband, man; distinguished/ 
      brave/courageous person‘        …………. Dacian
      royal name Bure-bista and maybe tribe name Li-burnoi, ………                                If the Albanian burrë is IE word at all it must be related to German Bauer or Serbian <paor> (freeman, peasant). Similar process where B => V change is present in Serbian words like vrlina; vrli, vrlo (virtue, precious) with the close meaning as Latin virilis; or Serbian vredan (worthy) equal to Latin virtus. However, Albanian burrë could be borrowed from Latin puer (boy, young man, slave); Russian boyar (Old Russian boljar); cf. Latin bellare and Russian boljar (a member of the nobility,warrior); also ‘barin’, ‘baron’ and Frankish ‘baro’.


      Pentru TARABOSTES:
      Din getica, o protoistorie a daciei – cIMeC PDFwww.cimec.ro › parvan › parvangetica nobililor: tarabostes. Observăm că partea a doua, -bostes, intră și în compoziţia numelui gloriosului rege Burebista, numit la Trogus, Prol
      TARA”                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Din https://www.sgr.fi/sust/sust266/sust266_kroonen.pdf
      PIE *tauro- on the basis
      of e.g. Lat. taurus, Gr. tauros, Lith. taũras, OCS tur, Alb. ter20,                            20. The e-vocalism is due to Umlaut that took place in the Proto-Albanian paradigm *tar, pl. *tarī̆ (Demiraj
      1997: 46).
      Din Indo-European Roots – Sito – Libero
      https://digilander.libero.it › ie-roots
      Indo-European Roots …… Reconstructed from Sanskrit tarati ‘he translates (across the river)’, tara- ‘vigorous’, taranta- ‘sea’, Greek
    • Din mitologia si credintele tracilor.indd – Acte … PDFactesifapte.ro › uploads by S PALIGA · 2013 · Cited by 3 · Related articles SORIN PALIGA. Mitologia tracilor …… sociale, păturii conducătoare reprezentată de tarabostes (tara-bostes „bostes cei tari”)
    • naming the provincial landscape: settlement and toponymy in … – Dialnet
      PDFhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es › articulo
      by LA Curchin ·
      << European settlement in this supposedly non- Indo-European zone. …… Villar more convincingly derives it from IE *tara- “strong” >>
    • nu sant prea convins, de:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Din Zalmoxis – jstor
      https://www.jstor.org › stable
      by M Eliade – ‎
      << aristocratic and military class the tarabostes ( whose name includes the element –bostes, from the Indo-European root *bho-s, “shining >>
      Dar noi nu avem TAR ci TARA:
      English from the Roots Up, Volume I: Help for Reading, Writing, …
      https://books.google.ro › books
      Joegil Lundquist · 2004 · Foreign Language Study
      The Indo-Europeans tacked an ending on ster , making it ster-la, so it’s easy to see how stella … for star is “(s)tara” – not very different
        What does tara mean in sanskrit – aqfrhf.ml – aqfrhf.ml
      https://aqfrhf.ml › world-news-tv › what-…
      The word ‘Tara’ is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘ tṛ’, meaning to cross. that did not … If it is Hindi word Tara (star) then the equivalent Sanskrit word is nakshatra. … (tārā), from Proto-Indo-Iranian * Hstar-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗr
      Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-​Iranian/Hstā́ – …
      https://en.m.wiktionary.org › wiki › Hstā́
      This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the … Etymology[edit]. From Proto-Indo-European * h₂stḗr (“star”). … Sanskrit: तारा (tārā
      The Origin of the Indo-European Nominal Stem-Suffixes: Part I – jstor
      https://www.jstor.org › stable
      by W Petersen · 1916 · Cited by 5 · Related articles
      ing of its suffix into that of some similar word or root, and if the suffix ….. Skt. tara ‘ constellation‘: tar-as ‘stars ‘,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Din https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/tara       Dalmatian Alternative forms tiara Etymology From Latinterra. Compare Italian and Portuguese terra, Romansch terratiarateara, Romanian țară, Spanish tierra, French terre.                            taraf “earthground”   
    • Desi am gasit in latina                                                                                            boStes, ae (is), M., a constellation, (??),
                                                                                                                                                  Din Nasal Vowel Evolution in Romance
      https://books.google.ro › books
      Senior Lecturer in Romance Philology Rodney Sampson, Rodney Sampson · 1999 · Language Arts & Disciplines
      Senior Lecturer in Romance Philology Rodney Sampson, Rodney Sampson … VOSTRUM> [‘boste] ‘your (m- sg-)’) for southwestern Gascony, where /o/ was evidently raised

      Din (PDF) Universal Annotation of Slavic Verb Forms – ResearchGate

      https://www.researchgate.net/…/301571434_Universal_Annotation_of_Slavic_Verb_For..                                                                                                                                 “BOSTE:(voi) VETI FI, DEVENI”
    • ———————————————————————–
  • 2. TARA-BOSTE: “veti FI=DEVENI PAMANT/TARA” =(“TARANI”)                                                                                                                                                                           ================= V E R I F I C A R E ================
  • Din DUSAN VUKOTIC XURBELAUM                                                                                     Albanian burrë (man)                                          https://vukotic.wordpress.com/2007/11/11/albanian-burre-man-2/

My vie about Alb burrë is:
*wirH1-os. Alb. burrëruler, warrior, husband, man; distinguished/ 
brave/courageous person

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