Why did they gather at Göbekli Tepe ?

From The Transition to Permanent Settlements https://www.penn.museum/sites/expedition/cult-as-a-driving-force-of-human-history/

Göbekli Tepe is located in southeastern Turkey. The map to the right shows the location of Göbekli Tepe amidst other important Neolithic sites of the region. Archaeological sites with T-shaped pillars similar to those found at Göbekli Tepe are highlighted in red.

Image, from University of Arkansas at Little RockJune 2018 Feature – The Summer Triangle – University Television – Comcast 61/1095 &https://ualr.edu/tv/files/2018/04/Early-man-444×323.jpg

June 2018 Feature - The Summer Triangle - University Television – Comcast  61/1095 & UVerse 99

I found folowing asertion in: GOBEKLI TEPE: WHERE THE RELIGION WAS BORN. https://museum-of-artifacts.blogspot.com/2017/01/gobekli-tepe-where-religion-was-born.html#:~:text=We%20used%20to%20think%20agriculture,Egyptian%20pyramids%20by%206%2C500%20years. <<We used to think agriculture gave rise to cities and later to writing, art, and religion. Now the world’s oldest temple suggests the urge to worship sparked civilization.>> I do not agree with this, and explain why. The humans have as animals basic biological needs, without life ind living is impossible. From https://www.nasa.gov/pdf/162514main_Human_Needs.pdf << Human beings have certain basic needs. We must have food, water, air, and shelter to survive. If any one of these basic needs is not met, then humans cannot survive.>> From Evolving Human Needs http://www.mysearch.org.uk/website1/html/8.Evolution.html << The requirements for human survival have been described in terms of a hierarchy of needs as illustrated in the diagram above. The lower three levels will be equated to survival needs, as they are things we strive for when we do not have them.

  • Physiological needs relate to such basic needs, such as warmth, shelter, food and sex.
  • Safety needs are linked to the additional need for security and the suppression of fear.
  • Social needs could also be related to security, but have wider implications in that they not only include interaction with people in general, but also the need for close family and friends.

As we progress up the hierarchy, the needs become more abstracted and are possibly better described as goals >> From http://www.mysearch.org.uk/website1/html/8.Evolution.html


These above needs were fueling evolution. Many animals hav an social behavior, and acting as a group or “family”, in fact flocks, packs as human horde does. (Definition HORDE:a large group of people.s” 2.ANTHROPOLOGY a small loosely knit social group typically consisting of about five families.) Usually wild animals need for optimal living conditions much larger areas than humans, so hunter-gatherers somehow are forced to follow a similarly adapted pattern. Predator animals act in a precisely coordinate manner (wolfs, lions..) in order to obtain better results, humans (fully understanding or not why) acted in the same way. But it is precisely those basic needs coupled with many and enormous vicissitudes that force them to collaborate and exchange experiences. Here are the ones that appear to us as being related to a social activity: births, finding partners, death & burial and unraveling the mysteries of the world around us.If animals, hunting and nature were relatively well known to meet practical needs, the mechanism by which nature works was complex was perceived as mysterious. Those ancient people, at that time, had “sensors” and perception capacity and acuity that we no longer have, they also had the capacity acquired in time, of seing and interpreting the smallest changes in the environment and looking for animal tracks. This is where I wanted to get to: the ability we still have today to search for and find patterns. It is the one after which we can memorize and recognize a human face from thousands of others, maybe even more.

They sensed that the vast majority of secrets would be in the sky, this being the great reservoir. If there was anything worthy of admiration and reverence these were first of all life and this sky whose secrets if they knew everything could be explained. Those who had minimal knowledge, but instead claimed to be able to decipher the signs and predict the future were these shamans. They were the primitive version of today’s scientists and priests. Not only in English but probably in all Indo-European languages ​​(about other languages I can’t say ) the notions of divine, divine, foretell,foretell/divination and divinity are organically phylogenetically related. Definition of divination
1: the art or practice that seeks to foresee or foretell future events or discover hidden knowledge usually by the interpretation of omens or by the aid of supernatural powers.

The universe has had and still has extremely many secrets, both in the physical aspect that can be perceived by the senses and in the spiritual one, this referring to the process of knowing man through thinking mainly. The ability to organize reality, to build models and then check them practically. But the spiritual world is as rich as the physical one; it includes the thoughts associated with sensations, feelings and imagination, our dreams. Because shamans claimed to be able to interpret and predict the unfolding of the phenomenological world, but also to have the ability to enter and leave the world of the dead, the psyche and the intellectual activity of people.People tried to ask to dialogue with nature, to receive answers. The only ones who claimed to be able to do this were shamans. So the progress of knowledge was made in this way on two levels: through direct experiences on the one hand and through interpretations of shamans on other. I was impressed by sumerian lore: God Enlil gathered “ME” divine decree, i.e. knowledge , having a bunch of them (ME-s). After this, they were kept in the temple from where they were distributed by the priests to the local Ensi leaders and from them finally to the population. That ME-s were in those mysterious hand-bags.

Me (mythology) – Wikipediaen.wikipedia.org › wiki › Me_(mythology) In Sumerian mythology, a me is one of the decrees of the divine that is foundational to those …

From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html sumerian proto-cuneiform sign ME

In the absence of other models, I try to apply this model to the population of Gobekli Tepe. With the essential difference that in the absence of the deities everything has a simpler, rudimentary aspect and development, based on motivation and only two elements: life and death.

From ON ТНЕ ORIGINAL МEANING OF SUМERIAN МЕ (lmages of Weltanschauung and the Methods of Тl1eir Study)V.V. Yemelyanov [The main supposition is that the word was derived from the verb МЕ «to bе apparent, visible» and its original meaning was «will to live».]

In an elementary form, much simple way, they gathered where, were held together and then distributed those MEs. To the Sumerians the MEs consisted of sets of practical and detailed instructions on how to carry out every aspect of material social and spiritual life (read religious). By the nature of their occupation, the hunter-gatherers acted scattered and even more so. the need for regular meetings was urgent and vital.

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