SIGN “D” at 2.600 B.C.? NEW INTERPRETATION OF THE TARTARIA ROUND TABLET “DDoo” SEQUENCE


Most of scientists interpreted “DDoo” sequence:                                                  – as sumerian proto-cuneiform numbers (e.g. A.Falkenstein, A.A. Vaiman); but a few,          – as “Moon phases”(e.g. M.Merlini. R.Kolev)                                                                                But sumerians never made numbers by tracing, only by pressing ! Only a few signs were made by tracing, (wich are only close to “pure D shape”), cause contain added inside some lines/strokes:  GAR and   SUR          BUR                                               See sign GAR:    Image result for sumerian glossary "LAGAB-LAGAB"                                               ===========================                                                                                                    My interpretation of “D-sign” is:                                                                                                       AN “EVOLVED,ADAPTED” SIMPLIFIED SHAPE OF THE SIGN GAR                                                 So:     (simplified)=D, “GAR

From  ETCSL:ETCSLsignlist – University of Oxford                                                        etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk › edition2 › signlist                                                                                           GAR Borger: NIG2 ĝar, ni3, niĝ2, ninda, nindan, ša2

From A Descriptive Grammar of Sumerian – Universiteit Leiden                                openaccess.leidenuniv.nl › bitstream › handle › Binnenwerk-jagersma by AH Jagersma – ‎ <… verb ĝar ‘(to)place‘, >

From https://www.bulgari-istoria-2010.com › …PDF
Sumerian Cuneiform English Dictionary 12013CT – bulgari-istoria
<< … NINDA2 | ĝar (gar) [2505x] = place, to put, lay down >>                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The Sumerian World Harriet Crawford · 2013 · History The identification of Sumerian nouns and verbs is, however, more straightforward. Sumerian … a subject, direct object and non- direct object (gar “to put” something on something)                                         CONCLUSION                                                                                                                                  GAR: “Lay down” (rom.:” a se stabili, intinde”                                                                             ——————-                                                                                                                                             Signs “D D” = wi’ll read “GAR GAR“;                                                                                          What could mean “gar-gar”?

From Sumerian and Indo-European: a surprising connection                                 http://new-indology.blogspot.com/2015/05/sumerian-and-indo-european-surprising.html

<< Sum. gar ‘to heap up’, gargar ‘accumulation‘, PIE *gar- ‘to collect, heap‘, Greek ageiro (from *a-ger-yo) ‘to gather, collect’, agorà ‘assembly, place of assembly, market-place’, gargara ‘heaps, lots, plenty‘, Latin grex ‘flock, herd’,..>>

From https://rucforsk.ruc.dk › filesPDF
THE FINER STRUCTURE OF THE OLD BABYLONIAN MATHEMATICAL …by J HØYRUP
<illustrated by the terms ib-se-e and ba-se-e: Sumerian in pronunciation, … Accumulation is gar.gar, and subtraction a counting-off as in..>

From https://books.google.ro › books
Lengths, Widths, Surfaces: A Portrait of Old Babylonian Algebra …
Jens Høyrup · 2013 · Mathematics
<< The Akkadian main term is kamarum (AHw ” schichten, häufen”), to which correspond the Sumerian term gar.gar and the unexplained..>                                                   From https://en.langenscheidt.com/german-english/schichten stack, pile”  https://en.langenscheidt.com/german-english/haeufenamass, accumulate

From New Mathematical Cuneiform Texts  books.google.ro › books                                             Jöran Friberg, ‎Farouk N.H. Al-Rawi –                                                                                                ..< kamarum to heap (= to add together)

From akira.ruc.dk › PublicationsPDF Til SaT({ og Janne 3 36                                                       < Literally, the Sumerian gar-gar means something like “to lay down (gar) repeatedly“>

From Chapter II link.springer.com › content › pdf “(AHw “schichten, haufen”), to which correspond the Sumerian term gar.gar” engl.”layers,heaps” rom.”straturi,gramezi”

From https://www.cambridge.org › books
The Reduplicated Present (Chapter 4) – Origins of the Greek Verb
<..the positive evidence of the reduplicated …on γαργαίρω ‘swarm with‘< *gar-gar-i̯e/o > (rom.:”a roi, misuna“)

From  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gargara?fbclid=IwAR0FGVSIDLbi2ICMesru1E1XjZJ7eD6T8WtrhNsUe8gaBVvyGvvNXvfvYYY  << Gargara (Ancient GreekΓάργαρα) was an ancient Greek city on the southern coast of the Troad region of Anatolia. It was initially located beneath Mount Gargaron, one of the three peaks of Mount Ida,>>                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      CONCLUSION                                                                                                                                                           “Gar-Gar” = “accumulate, add together, layers, heaps, plenty, swarm”                                                        (rom:”a ingramadi, multime,a roi, a se stabili,intinde ( reff. γαργαίρω ‘swarm with’ ) ; 


Sign O =”LAGAB’;                                                                                                                           From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html LAGAB

From (PDF) Sumerian Cuneiform English Dictionary 12013CT 16i14 …                      http://www.academia.edu › Sumerian_Cuneiform_English_Dictionary_12013…                                “ … KA mouth / perform | LAGAB encircle | LU2 man | LUGAL king | NINDA2 price …”

sign OO= LAGAB+LAGAB=>>= NIGIN                                                                                              From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html                               2(LAGAB~a)

From List of cuneiform signs – Wikipedia                                                                         en.wikipedia.org › wiki › List_of_cuneiform_signs

Cuneiform is one of the earliest systems of writing, emerging in Sumer in the late fourth … 804, 529, 403, NIGIN(LAGAB+LAGAB, LAGAB.LAGAB), U+121B8 𒆸 … 
From http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/dcclt/signlists/pager                                                    gur₄gur₄ <(LAGABLAGAB)> <(guurguur)
From Index of Sumerian Words – Brill
brill.com › downloadpdf › book
<< … á gur₄-gur₄ = Akk. emūqān puggulātu ‘thick arms‘ 158.>>
From dcclt – Oracc
oracc.museum.upenn.edu › dcclt
<< [[gur₄-gur₄> ]]. gu-ur-gu-ur. LAGAB.LAGAB. i-ta-ag-ru-ru-⸢um⸣. thick = rolling. 6767. [[gur₄-gur₄> ]]. ⸢pu⸣-ug-gu₅-⸢lum⸣. thick = very strong. 6868.>>
From http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/edition2/signlist.php
LAGAB.LAGAB
Borger: NIGIN
SignSign kilib3, niĝin
                                                                                                                                                               From https://cdli.ucla.edu/tools/SignLists/protocuneiform/archsigns.html

NIGIN

From https://books.google.ro › books
The Class Reunion—An Annotated Translation and Commentary on the …
J. Cale Johnson, Markham J. Geller
uru nigin roaming around the city‘ 251 sahhirat duri = Sum. bad nigin roaming around the walls‘ 251 sahhirat ugări = Sum. a- gar nigin .

From On Some Mesopotamian Early Dynastic Toponyms | Gebhard …http://www.academia.edu › On_Some_Mesopotamian_Early_Dynastic_Topon…                         <The Sumerian word /niĝin/ has the verbal meaning “to roam; to enclose, confine”>

CONCLUSION                                                                                                                                                         NIGIN : “roam, enclose, strong”                                                                                                                                   ———————– ——-                                                                                                                                   Entire sequence : Gar Gar Nigin :                                                                                         “accumulate, add together,plenty, swarm +“roam, enclose, strong”                             It seem that the is reffering to:                                                                                                          a comunity, tribe swarm lay down, roam,gathering (enclosing,strong, stronghold?)                      Limba Romana:                                                                                                                   ..se pare ca se face referire la stabilirea, raspandirea =roirea si asezarea unei comunitati,trib (nomad, care cutreiera) ?intr-o incinta,fortareata?   

—————–       

Note In upper half of the tablet, on the left side we have sign “KU”, and also the meaning “lie down”.

From https://www.sumerian.org/sumerian.pdf                                                                                                         <<ku: to base, found, build; to lie down (reduplication class) [KU archaic frequency: 64; concatenates 3 sign variants]. >>                                                                                                        rom. lie down: “(a te)intinde, aseza”

In fact sign “KU” and sign “GAR”, where GAR has the same meaning (lay down) as KU

From https://www.bulgari-istoria-2010.com › …PDF
Sumerian Cuneiform English Dictionary 12013CT – bulgari-istoria
<< … NINDA2 | ĝar (gar) [2505x] = place, to put, lay down >>

From Sumerian Vocabulary (G) – Ancient Near Eastern Studies 102 …     http://www.studyblue.com › … › Pottorf › Sumerian Vocabulary (g)                                                       << [guza = KU.GAR]. chair, stool, throne >>

From (PDF) Sumero-Akkadian Cuneiform | Ashur Cherry …                                    http://www.academia.edu › Sumero-Akkadian_Cuneiform                                                                        <<  KU.GAR guza; guzza >>                                                                                            =================== ? ?  ================

From MR-a-thon – MrWeb http://www.mrweb.com › countries                                                                     The Eternal Fire of Baba Gurgur (father of fire in Kurdish) is a name used to describe … Iraq was home to the earliest known civilization on Earth: the Sumerian.

From THE ANCIENT EMPIRES OF THE NEAR EAST – The Cabinet of …                       http://www.thingstud.io › history-of-mankind                                                                                           <<… courses of the Euphrates and the Tigris, was the home of a settled people. … The district of Sumer must have been in settled occupation long before 5000 B.C. …>>

117. Gherga în Sumer – Originea Gherga origineagherga.blogspot.com › gher…                                                              “… au asanat mlaştinile şi au construit un sistem ingenios de canale de irigaţii); în oraşele Sumeriene – la fel ca în oraşele Civilizaţiei Gargar / Ghaggar din N.Vestul Indiei”

From 134. Gargara http://origineagherga.blogspot.com/2011/09/gargara.html

                                                                                              “Datorită climatului şi motivelor comerciale, Gargarii care în timp s-au mutat de pe Masivul Ida la poalele sale – spre coasta Mării Egee – au întemeiat Gargara acolo, la începuturi ei rămânând în legături cu Ghergarii din Caucaz, inclusiv din Gargar / acum Gerger din Armenia.  ……..Gargara a fost populată şi de Pelasgii Lelegi, din a căror denumire a apărut Grecul “leuka” = “lucire” pentru “alb” – ei fiind strămoşii unor Lichi / Liciani, Lizi / Lidiani şi Spartani – care vorbeau limba Luviană (ce folosea Lud pentru Lidia, Lukka pentru Likia, etc.; e de observat că în Punjab / N Indiei – din fostul Bazin Ghaggar – acum cel mai mare oraş e Ludhiana.”

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