Archive for March, 2020

On Cretan Zakros name

March 8, 2020

From https://reise-zikaden.de/ostkreta-kato-zakros-der-minoische-palast-und-die-zakros-schlucht/

reise-zikaden.de - Griechenland, Kreta, Lasithi, Sitia, Kato Zakros, Palast, Zentralhof, Westflügel, Archiv, Thronsaal, Bankettraum. - Im Westflüges des Palastes fanden die Archäologen den Thronsaal, Bankettraum, Archiv und die Schatzkammer. Angefüllt mit wertvollsten Funden, diese können heute im Archäologischen Museum von Heraklion bestaunt werden.

Westflügel: Das Herz des Palastes von Kato Zakros                                                                 ————————

One year before I made some searches knowing of I.E. root “Sak”, present in sacros, sacrosant. But no consistent results, and renounced cause we have here Zak not Sak.

From Proto-Indo-European Ritual – Proto-Indo-European Religion piereligion.org › pieritual                                                                                                                                                 << *sakro– ‘holy’ (derived from *sak– ‘to sanctify’) >>

Other scientists say that ancient name was “Dikta” !??

From The Ancient Name of Zakro grbs.library.duke.edu › article › viewFile PDFby G Huxley –                                                                                                                                              <<The purpose of this article is to suggest that the existence of the place was
recalled by local Cretan historians, and I shall argue that the Minoan   name of Kato Zakro was Dikta. Many scholars persist in referring to  the Lasithi group of mountains in central Crete as Dikte, but the ancient evidence is against …>> .                                                                                                                                                                                                                    …And I dare to ask , IF the name Zakros is very old, what is the relation between Dikta<>Zakros !??                                                                                                                                  —————————–                                                                                                                       Having the hypothesis of Mr. E.Papakitsos and G.Kenanidhs, on the sumerian origin of Aegean Protolinear script, I tried to connect the name with sumerian “sag” or “zag”

From Sumerian Lexicon – Sumerian.org http://www.sumerian.org › sumerian by JA Halloran – ‎<< gi(n), ge(n): v., to act justly; to stabilize, strengthen; to confirm; to establish something as the property of … ši: contrapunctive modal prefix; terminative prefix after Old Sumerian period (cf., šč). … ńe26, ńá, myself) [SAG archaic frequency: 420]. adj., first … adj., high, exalted, great, lofty, foremost, sublime.                                                            sag5: (cf., zàg).>>

From  zag, zà: boundary, border, limit, side; cusp, beginning; territory, district, place; sanctuary; percentage;a measure for fish; shoulder; right (side); front; outside of (life + to encircle) >>
                                                                                                                                                                  …..also, we have:
From psd.museum.upenn.edu › cf-toc-Z Web results ePSD Sumerian Citation Form Index <<Z za za [BEAD] wr. za; za2 “bead, gem … zagbar zagbar [SCRAPS] wr. zag-bar “scraps” . zage zage [FOREMOST] wr. zag-e3 “outer corner; corner pillar; projection; foremost” Akk.

And by chance? Zakros is ancient foremost  eastern settlement of Crete…..                                           ——————————-                                                                                                                            Very interesting, Zakros could be ? Za-akros ?, where:

From https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E1%BC%84%CE%BA%CF%81%CE%BF%CF%82?fbclid=IwAR0-WUOld4t6gt0xgisCLuuwmV1nX6Auq9eNP9ifMhGQsLn_LmLLrKktxu4     <<Adjective ᾰ̓́κρος  (ákrosm (feminine ᾰ̓́κρᾱneuter ᾰ̓́κρον); first/second declension

  1. At the edgeextremebeginningendoutermost (especially of the top)
  2. pointedsharp
  3. Being the most of any characteristic: bestoldestfirst >>

ttps://books.google.ro › books
Pseudo-Euripides, “Rhesus”: Edited with Introduction and Commentary
Almut Fries · 2014 · Literary Criticism
<<As an intensive prefix the tragedians adopted Aeolic ζα(= δια)from Homer >>

www.perseus.tufts.edu › hopper › text
Web results
Georg Autenrieth, A Homeric Dictionary, ζα- , ζα- , ζα-                                                              ζα- (διά): intensive prefix, like δα-. Georg Autenrieth. A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges. New York. Harper and Brothers .
Relating to “za” as prefix or not,

From https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%CE%B4%CE%B9%CE%AC?fbclid=IwAR1IHivT5aR2X1aJCr5EhRA_TZEtkrGBjojL-xqx8vzse2ZjAVIkbD0xMRQ   <<Preposition δῐᾰ́  (diá) (governs the genitive and accusative)                              (+ genitive)1.(of a place)

      1. in a line
      2. through
      3. in the midst of, between
      4. along
      5. at intervals of, at every                                                                                        ζά () – Aeolic >>
    1. From https://www.academia.edu › Ζάλευκ…
      (PDF) Ζάλευκος, ζακρυόεις, ζάδηλος and “intensive” ζα- | Claire Le Feuvre …
      Two intensive prefixes ζα – and δα- The Greeks identified two intensive prefixes ζα– and δα-, first mentioned by the 1st c. BC grammarian

SO, SOMEHOW GREEK MEANING IS REFLECTING THROUGH AN ACRONYM, THE SUMERIAN ROOT AND MEANING !                                               ===================================                                                                                   Otherwise,

From https://lsj.gr › wiki › ζακρυόεις
ζακρυόεις – Ancient Greek – English Dictionary (LSJ)
Oct 2, 2019 · English (LSJ). εσσα, εν, ( κρυόεις). A very numbing, freezing, θάνατος Alc. Supp.12.8. Greek Monolingual. ζακρυόεις

https://www.academia.edu › Ζάλευκ…
Web results
(PDF) Ζάλευκος, ζακρυόεις, ζάδηλος and “intensive” ζα- | Claire Le Feuvre …
Two intensive prefixes ζα – and δα- The Greeks identified two intensive prefixes ζα- and δα-, first mentioned by the 1st c. BC grammarian

? later aknowledged as old, dead (settlement)?

www.kairatos.com.gr › myweb › an…
Web results
Oleros – Zakros – “καιρατος” – kairatos editions
THE ANCIENT CITIES OF CRETE. Oleros – Zakros … Eteocretan inscription of Praisos. In this way, we have Zakoros> Zak(o)ros> Zakros

https://www.academia.edu › A_Sign…
Web results
(PDF) A Significant Breakthrough in the Decipherment of Linear B: the Role of …
… B or Knossos, Zakoro or Zakros, Paraikasatoro or Palaikastro (or possibly, Paito, Phaistos), Puro or Pylos and Mukene or Mycenae.

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zakoros?fbclid=IwAR0IVbmUIShIu6Sr8_u1ziXtu8VUajTYqk5iLt0XhNybmnxDbt2gXzaQQVs <<                                                                                                                                                                           << Zakoros is a word which pertains to individuals of the culture of ancient Greece. According to one source the word was used in two senses. In the first sense, and depending in some part on a translation of the word, the zakoros are understood to be people who participated in activities within temples, to sweep and clean the temples and also to tend the sacrificial fire. In the second sense is the example of the courtesan of the goddess Aphrodite, named Phryne, who was referred to as a zakoros because of the splendour of her body.[1][2][3]                                                                             In another source, Phryne is mentioned again, and this shows the word to be a person who is a cult official, particularly from the 4th century BC and later, to refer especially to those involved with foreign cults.[4] Demetrios of Sphettos, who was involved in the buildings catalogued IG II2 3187 and IG II2 3188, and an otherwise unnamed son of Antiochus of Sphettos, are referred to as zakoros.[5]>>>>

So, with Zakoros, the word has meaning  in the sacred rites boundary, and so unwillingly to sacros, Sakros !

As horos is related to boundary, limit border and sacred precinct (Horos Dios), so Zag, “boundary, border, sanctuary” was/would be related to sacred boundary ?